October 7, 2009

Mapping the Global Muslim Population

Interactive Data Table: World Muslim Population by Country

For information about how data for each country or territory were collected and analyzed, see Data Sources by Region. Sources include national censuses, demographic and health surveys, and other general population surveys and studies. Population figures for previous years have been projected forward to 2009 based on the assumption that the Muslim population of the country is growing at the same rate as the general population. (See Methodology for Muslim Population Estimates.)

Data for countries marked with an asterisk (*) are drawn primarily from general population surveys, which have smaller sample sizes than demographic surveys and are not designed to measure the size of small minority populations. This may lead to undercounts of Muslims in countries where they represent a small minority of the population and overcounts where they represent the vast majority of the population. Those numbers, therefore, should be considered more approximate.

Country Estimated 2009 Muslim Population Percentage of Population that is Muslim Percentage of World Muslim Population Source and Year
Afghanistan 28,072,000 99.7 1.8 WRD 2005
Albania 2,522,000 79.9 0.2 MICS 2005
Algeria 34,199,000 98.0 2.2 WRD 2005
American Samoa <0.1 WRD 2005
Andorra* 1,000 ~1 <1 WVS 2005
Angola* 190,000 ~1 <1 Pew Global 2002
Anguilla 0.3 <0.1 Census 2001
Antigua and Barbuda 0.6 <0.1 WRD 2005
Argentina 784,000 1.9 0.1 WRD 2005
Armenia 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 DHS 2000
Aruba 0.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Australia 365,000 1.7 <0.1 Census 2006
Austria 353,000 4.2 <0.1 Census 2001
Azerbaijan 8,675,000 99.2 0.6 DHS 2006
Bahamas 0.1 <0.1 Census 2000
Bahrain 642,000 81.2 <0.1 Census 2001
Bangladesh 145,312,000 89.6 9.3 Census 2001
Barbados 2,000 0.8 <0.1 WRD 2005
Belarus* 19,000 <1 <1 WVS 2000
Belgium* 281,000 ~3 <1 ESS 2006
Belize 0.1 <0.1 Census 2000
Benin 2,182,000 24.4 0.1 Census 2002
Bermuda 1,000 0.8 <0.1 Census 2001
Bhutan 7,000 1.0 <0.1 WRD 2005
Bolivia 2,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Bosnia-Herzegovina* 1,522,000 ~40 <1 WVS 2001
Botswana 8,000 0.4 <0.1 Census 2001
Brazil 191,000 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
British Virgin Islands 1.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Brunei 269,000 67.2 <0.1 Census 1991
Bulgaria 920,000 12.2 0.1 Census 2001
Burkina Faso 9,292,000 59.0 0.6 DHS 2003
Burma (Myanmar) 1,889,000 3.8 0.1 WRD 2005
Burundi* 180,000 ~2 <1 InterMedia 2007
Cambodia 236,000 1.6 <0.1 DHS 2005
Cameroon 3,498,000 17.9 0.2 DHS 2004
Canada 657,000 2.0 <0.1 Census 2001
Cape Verde* 1,000 <1 <1 AfroB 2005
Cayman Islands 0.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Central African Republic 395,000 8.9 <0.1 DHS 1995
Chad 6,257,000 55.8 0.4 DHS 2004
Channel Islands 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Chile 4,000 <0.1 <0.1 Census 2002
China 21,667,000 1.6 1.4 Census 2000 (ethnicity data)
Colombia* 14,000 <1 <1 WVS 2005
Comoros 664,000 98.3 <0.1 WRD 2005
Congo 943,000 1.4 0.1 DHS 2007
Cook Islands <0.1 Census 2001
Costa Rica* <1 <1 LatinoB 2007
Croatia* 18,000 <1 <1 InterMedia 2004
Cuba 9,000 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Cyprus 198,000 22.7 <0.1 Census 2001 and WRD 2005
Czech Republic 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Denmark* 88,000 ~2 <1 ESS 2006
Djibouti 838,000 96.9 0.1 WRD 2005
Dominica 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Dominican Republic 2,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Ecuador 2,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Egypt 78,513,000 94.6 5.0 DHS 2005
El Salvador 2,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Equatorial Guinea 27,000 4.0 <0.1 WRD 2005
Eritrea 1,854,000 36.5 0.1 DHS 2002
Estonia 2,000 0.1 <0.1 Census 2000
Ethiopia 28,063,000 33.9 1.8 Census 2007
Faeroe Islands <0.1 WRD 2005
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) <0.1 Census 1972
Federated States of Micronesia <0.1 Census 2000
Fiji 53,000 6.3 <0.1 Census 2007
Finland 24,000 0.5 <0.1 WRD 2005
France* 3,554,000 ~6 <1 ERFI 2005
French Guiana 2,000 0.9 <0.1 WRD 2005
French Polynesia <0.1 Census 1971
Gabon 140,000 9.5 0.1 DHS 2000
Gambia* 1,625,000 ~95 <1 InterMedia 2004
Georgia 423,000 9.9 <0.1 Census 2002
Germany* 4,026,000 ~5 <1 Ministry of the Interior 2009
Ghana 3,787,000 15.9 0.2 Census 2000
Gibraltar 1,000 4.0 <0.1 Census 2001
Greece* 310,000 ~3 <1 ESS 2004
Greenland <0.1 WRD 2005
Grenada 0.3 <0.1 WRD 2005
Guadeloupe 2,000 0.4 <0.1 WRD 2005
Guam <0.1 WRD 2005
Guatemala 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Guinea 8,502,000 84.4 0.5 DHS 2005
Guinea Bissau 680,000 42.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Guyana 55,000 7.2 <0.1 Census 2002
Haiti 2,000 <0.1 <0.1 Census 2003
Honduras 11,000 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Hong Kong* 7,000 <1 <1 WVS 2005
Hungary 24,000 0.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Iceland 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
India 160,945,000 13.4 10.3 Census 2001
Indonesia 202,867,000 88.2 12.9 Census 2000
Iran 73,777,000 99.4 4.7 Census 2006
Iraq* 30,428,000 ~99 ~2 WVS 2006
Ireland 22,000 0.5 <0.1 Census 2002
Isle of Man 0.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Israel 1,194,000 16.7 0.1 Statistical Abstract 2008
Italy* 36,000 <1 <1 ESS 2004
Ivory Coast 7,745,000 36.7 0.5 DHS 2005
Jamaica 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 Census 2001
Japan 183,000 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Jordan 6,202,000 98.2 0.4 DHS 2002
Kazakhstan 8,822,000 56.4 0.6 DHS 1999
Kenya 2,793,000 7.0 0.2 DHS 2003
Kiribati <0.1 Census 2005
Kosovo 1,999,000 89.6 0.1 WRD 2005
Kuwait* 2,824,000 ~95 <1 Pew Global 2007
Kyrgyzstan 4,734,000 86.3 0.3 DHS 1997
Laos 2,000 <0.1 <0.1 Census 1995
Latvia* 2,000 <1 <1 WVS 1999
Lebanon 2,504,000 59.3 0.2 WRD 2005
Lesotho 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Liberia 483,000 12.2 <0.1 Census 2008
Libya 6,203,000 96.6 0.4 WRD 2005
Liechtenstein 2,000 4.8 <0.1 Census 2000
Lithuania 3,000 0.1 <0.1 Census 2001
Luxembourg* 13,000 ~3 <1 ESS 2004
Macau <0.1 Census 1991
Madagascar 215,000 1.1 <0.1 DHS 2004
Malawi 1,955,000 12.8 0.1 Census 1998
Malaysia 16,581,000 60.4 1.1 Census 2000
Maldives 304,000 98.4 <0.1 WRD 2005
Mali 12,040,000 92.5 0.8 DHS 2006
Malta 1,000 0.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Marshall Islands <0.1 Census 1999
Martinique 1,000 0.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Mauritania 3,261,000 99.1 0.2 WRD 2005
Mauritius 214,000 16.6 <0.1 Census 2000
Mayotte 191,000 98.4 <0.1 WRD 2005
Mexico 110,000 <1 <1 WVS 1996
Moldova 17,000 0.5 <0.1 WRD 2005
Monaco 0.4 <0.1 WRD 2005
Mongolia 133,000 5.0 <0.1 WRD 2005
Montenegro 111,000 17.7 <0.1 Census 2003
Montserrat 0.1 <0.1 Census 1980
Morocco* 31,993,000 ~99 ~2 Pew Global 2007
Mozambique 5,224,000 22.8 0.3 DHS 2003
Namibia 8,000 0.4 <0.1 WRD 2005
Nauru <0.1 Census 2002
Nepal 1,231,000 4.2 0.1 Census 2001
Netherlands 946,000 5.7 0.1 Census 2003
Netherlands Antilles 0.2 <0.1 Census 1992
New Caledonia 7,000 2.8 <0.1 WRD 2005
New Zealand 37,000 0.9 <0.1 Census 2006
Nicaragua 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Niger 15,075,000 98.6 1.0 DHS 2006
Nigeria 78,056,000 50.4 5.0 DHS 2003
Niue <0.1 Census 2001
North Korea 2,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Northern Mariana Islands 1,000 0.7 <0.1 WRD 2005
Norway* 65,000 ~1 <1 ESS 2006
Oman 2,494,000 87.7 0.2 Census 1993
Pakistan 174,082,000 96.3 11.1 Census 1998
Palau <0.1 Census 2000
Palestinian territories* 4,173,000 ~98 <1 Pew Global 2009
Panama 24,178 0.7 <0.1 WRD 2005
Papua New Guinea 2,000 <0.1 <0.1 Census 2000
Paraguay 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 Census 2002
Peru 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Philippines 4,654,000 5.1 0.3 Census 2000
Pitcairn Islands <0.1 WRD 2005
Poland* 48,000 <1 <1 ESS 2006
Portugal 15,000 0.1 <0.1 Census 2001
Puerto Rico 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Qatar 1,092,000 77.5 0.1 Census 2004
Republic of Congo 59,000 1.6 <0.1 DHS 2005
Republic of Macedonia 680,000 33.3 <0.1 Census 2002
Reunion 34,000 4.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Romania 66,000 0.3 <0.1 Census 2002
Russia 16,482,000 11.7 1.0 Census 2002 (ethnicity data)
Rwanda 182,000 1.8 <0.1 Census 2002
Samoa <0.1 Census 2001
San Marino <0.1 WRD 2005
Sao Tome and Principe <0.1 WRD 2005
Saudi Arabia* 24,949,000 ~97 ~2 WVS 2003
Senegal 12,028,000 96.0 0.8 DHS 2006
Serbia 244,000 3.2 <0.1 Census 2002
Seychelles 1,000 1.1 <0.1 Census 2002
Sierra Leone 4,059,000 71.3 0.3 Census 2004
Singapore 706,000 14.9 <0.1 Census 2000
Slovakia <0.1 Census 2001
Slovenia 49,000 2.4 <0.1 Census 2002
Solomon Islands <0.1 Census 1999
Somalia 8,995,000 98.5 0.6 WRD 2005
South Africa 731,000 1.5 <0.1 Census 2001
South Korea 71,000 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Spain* 650,000 ~1 <1 ESS 2006
Sri Lanka 1,711,000 8.5 0.1 Census 2001
St. Helena <0.1 Census 1987
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.1 <0.1 Census 1991
St. Lucia 0.1 <0.1 Census 2001
St. Pierre and Miquelon 0.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2,000 1.5 <0.1 WRD 2005
Sudan 30,121,000 71.3 1.9 WRD 2005
Suriname 83,000 15.9 <0.1 WRD 2005
Swaziland 2,000 0.2 <0.1 DHS 2006
Sweden* 149,000 ~2 <1 ESS 2006
Switzerland 323,000 4.3 <0.1 Census 2000
Syria 20,196,000 92.2 1.3 WRD 2005
Taiwan* 23,000 <1 <1 WVS 2006
Tajikistan 5,848,000 84.1 0.4 WRD 2005
Tanzania 13,218,000 30.2 0.8 DHS 2004
Thailand 3,930,000 5.8 0.3 Consultant 2009
Timor-Leste 43,000 3.8 <0.1 WRD 2005
Togo 809,000 12.2 0.1 DHS 1998.0
Tokelau <0.1 Census 2006
Tonga <0.1 Census 2001
Trinidad and Tobago 78,000 5.8 <0.1 Census 2000
Tunisia 10,216,000 99.5 0.7 WRD 2005
Turkey* 73,619,000 ~98 4.7 TESEV 2006
Turkmenistan 4,757,000 93.1 0.3 DHS 2000
Turks and Caicos Islands <0.1 Census 1990
Tuvalu 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
U.S. Virgin Islands 0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Uganda 3,958,000 12.1 0.3 Census 2002
Ukraine 456,000 1.0 <0.1 DHS 2007
United Arab Emirates 3,504,000 76.2 0.2 WRD 2005
United Kingdom 1,647,000 2.7 0.1 Census 2001
United States 2,454,000 0.8 0.2 Pew Research Center 2007
Uruguay 1,000 <0.1 <0.1 WRD 2005
Uzbekistan 26,469,000 96.3 1.7 DHS 2002
Vanuatu <0.1 Census 1999
Vatican City <0.1 WRD 2005
Venezuela 94,000 0.3 <0.1 WRD 2005
Vietnam 157,000 0.2 <0.1 WRD 2005
Wallis and Futuna <0.1 WRD 2005
Western Sahara 510,000 99.4 <0.1 WRD 2005
Yemen 23,363,000 99.1 1.5 WRD 2005
Zambia 58,000 0.4 <0.1 Census 2000
Zimbabwe 109,000 0.9 <0.1 DHS 2006
*Data for some countries come primarily from general population surveys, which are less reliable than censuses or large-scale demographic and health surveys for estimating minority-majority ratios (seeMethodology). As a result, the percentage of the population that is Muslim in these three countries is rounded to the nearest integer. The only exception to this rule is the display of Turkey’s percentage of world population as 4.7% rather than ~5%.”–” indicates that the number of Muslims is too small to be reliably estimated.

Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life • Mapping the Global Muslim Population, October 2009