December 17, 2009

Global Restrictions on Religion

Results by Country

The tables below show the results for each of 198 countries and territories on the 20 questions that comprise the Pew Forum’s Government Restrictions Index and the 13 questions that comprise the Social Hostilities Index.

Although each question is weighted equally, many of the questions contain gradations, allowing partial scores depending on intensity or severity. (See the Methodology.)

For example, on SHI Question No. 2 – Was there mob violence related to religion? – a country that had no religion-related mob violence would receive 0 points, a country that had mob violence in which no deaths were reported would receive 1/2 point (0.50), and a country that had mob violence in which deaths were reported would receive a full point (1.00).

The scores are based on two different years of data (July 1, 2006 through June 30, 2007, and July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008) that were coded independently by separate groups of coders at the Pew Forum. If there was a change in a country’s score on a particular question from one year to the next, the country received the average of the two scores. For example, if a country had mob violence related to religion in one year but not in the other and if no deaths were reported, the country would receive a score of 0.25, the average of 0.50 in one year and 0 in the other.

Both the GRI and the SHI are scales of 0 to 10. Readers wishing to independently calculate a country’s index score from the tables below should note that the sum total of a country’s scores on all 20 GRI questions must be divided by two and the sum total of its scores on all 13 SHI questions must be multiplied by 10/13 (0.77) to convert them to the 10-point scale. For more detail on the indexes, see the Methodology.

Download the full Results by Country (48-page PDF)


Cite this publication: Joseph Liu. “Global Restrictions on Religion.” Pew Research Center, Washington, D.C. (December 17, 2009) http://www.pewforum.org/2009/12/17/global-restrictions-on-religion/, accessed on July 22, 2014.