June 22, 2011

Global Survey of Evangelical Protestant Leaders

Appendix B: Survey Topline

Cape Town Survey of Evangelical Leaders
August-December 2010
Topline Report
N=2196

Notes:

  • For exact question wording and layout, please download the questionnaire in the right rail, or click here.
  • “No answer” was not offered as a response option, but is used to indicate cases in which a respondent did not provide an answer to a question.

Welcome to the Survey of Cape Town 2010

The value of Cape Town 2010 comes, in part, from the unique perspective of each participant joining together to form a global parliament of leaders on world evangelization. This survey asks for your own personal views and perceptions about issues facing evangelical Christianity, both in your country and around the world. Your participation in this survey is important in order to provide an accurate picture of what evangelical Christian leaders around the world think about these issues.

Q1.       How would you evaluate the current state of evangelical Christianity in your country on a scale from 0 to 10 where 10 represents the best possible situation and 0 represents the worst possible situation? (Please answer this question and others referring to “in your country” based on the country you are representing at the Congress.)

Worst

Best

No answer

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

*

1

5

13

17

20

21

13

5

1

1

1


MEAN RESPONSE=5.0

Q2.       Using the same scale, where would you say evangelical Christianity was five years ago in your country? (Scale from 0 to 10 where the 10 represents the best possible situation and 0 represents the worst possible situation)

Worst

Best

No answer

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

1

3

6

13

19

21

17

12

6

1

*

2


MEAN RESPONSE=4.9

Q3.       Just your best guess, where would you say evangelical Christianity will be five years from now in your country? (Scale from 0 to 10 where the 10 represents the best possible situation and 0 represents the worst possible situation)

Worst

Best

No answer

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

*

2

5

10

12

15

15

18

14

5

2

2


MEAN RESPONSE=5.7
 

Q4.       Do you believe the Cape Town 2010 Congress will make a significant contribution to the cause of evangelical Christianity around the world, or not?

%

44

Yes, definitely will

49

Yes, probably will

6

No, probably will not

*

No, definitely will not

1

No answer

Q5.       In your view, which of these six purposes described in the Congress Mission statement is the most urgent reason for holding Cape Town 2010?

%

 

35

The Brokenness of Our World

21

Seismic Shifts in Global Christianity

20

The Globalized World

11

The Reality of Islam

5

The Impact of Hedonism

5

The Challenge of the New Atheism

3

No answer

Q6.       How important do you think it is to evangelize among the following groups in your country today?

Top priority

Very important,   but lower priority

Some-
what important

Not too import-ant

Not applicable in my country

No answer

%

%

%

%

%

%

a. Those who are not religious

67

17

5

2

2

7

b. Catholics

17

24

26

20

3

10

c. Muslims

54

24

9

4

4

5

d. Jews

16

19

15

10

26

15

e. Hindus

25

19

12

9

22

13

f. Non-evangelical Christians

23

20

21

22

4

10

g. Buddhists

26

19

13

9

21

12

Rank Order Q6. How important do you think it is to evangelize among the following groups in your country today?

(BASED ON TOTAL ANSWERING)

Top priority

Very important,   but lower priority

Somewhat important

Not too important

N

%

%

%

%

%

a. Those who are not religious

73

19

6

2

1997

c. Muslims

59

27

10

4

2004

g. Buddhists

39

28

20

13

1467

e. Hindus

39

30

18

13

1430

d. Jews

27

32

25

17

1296

f. Non-evangelical Christians

26

23

25

26

1894

b. Catholics

20

28

30

23

1901

Q7.       Which of these do you consider more effective in promoting Christianity today?

%

12

Sending missionaries to other countries

86

Empowering local missionaries

3

No answer

Q8.       How valuable do you consider short-term missions, meaning those lasting a few weeks or months, in promoting Christianity today?

%

28

Very valuable

42

Somewhat valuable

26

Not too valuable

4

Not at all valuable

1

No answer

Q9.       Do you think efforts to promote Christianity in your country should focus more on changing individual hearts or more on reforming social institutions?

%

80

Focus more on changing individual hearts

16

Focus more on reforming social institutions

4

No answer

Q10.     How would you rate Christian schools in your country today at each of the following?

a.         Providing a high quality academic education in subjects like reading, writing and arithmetic

Based on total

Based on all answering

(N=1957)

%

%

Excellent

25

28

Good

44

50

Only fair

16

17

Poor

4

5

Not applicable in my country

7

-

No answer

4

-

b.         Nurturing children in the Christian faith

Based on total

Based on all answering

(N=1924)

%

%

Excellent

9

10

Good

31

35

Only fair

31

36

Poor

16

19

Not applicable in my country

7

-

No answer

6

-

Thinking about global Christianity…

Q11.     Do you think evangelical Christian leaders in the West (that is the U.S. and Europe) have too much, too little, or about the right amount of influence on global Christianity today?

%

44

Too much influence

22

Too little influence

32

About the right amount of influence

2

No answer

Q12.     Do you think evangelical Christian leaders in Africa, Asia and Latin America have too much, too little, or about the right amount of influence on global Christianity today?

%

7

Too much influence

68

Too little influence

22

About the right amount of influence

2

No answer

Q13.     How much financial support do evangelical Christians in the West (that is the U.S. and Europe) provide for global Christianity?

%

21

More than their fair share

45

Less than their fair share

29

About their fair share

6

No answer

Q14.     How much financial support do evangelical Christians in Africa, Asia and Latin America provide for global Christianity?

%

7

More than their fair share

55

Less than their fair share

31

About their fair share

8

No answer

Thinking about your country…

Q15.     At the present time, do you think evangelical Christians are increasing their influence on life in your country or losing their influence?

%

46

Increasing their influence

51

Losing their influence

3

No answer

Q16.     How much of a threat, if any, does each of these pose to evangelical Christianity in your country today?

Major threat

Minor threat

Not a threat

No answer

%

%

%

%

a. Influence of Islam

47

34

16

2

b. Influence of Secularism

71

20

5

4

c. Influence of Catholicism

10

35

51

5

d. Sex and violence in popular culture

59

30

6

5

e. Government restrictions on religion

22

39

35

4

f. Too much emphasis on consumerism and material goods

67

24

5

4

g. Theological divisions among evangelicals

30

54

13

3

h. Evangelical leaders violating sexual morals in their personal relationships

26

52

18

4

i. Evangelical leaders leading a lavish lifestyle

30

47

20

3

Rank Order Q16.  How much of a threat, if any, does each of these pose to evangelical Christianity in your country today?

Major threat

Minor threat

Not a threat

No answer

%

%

%

%

b. Influence of Secularism

71

20

5

4

f. Too much emphasis on consumerism and material goods

67

24

5

4

d. Sex and violence in popular culture

59

30

6

5

a. Influence of Islam

47

34

16

2

g. Theological divisions among evangelicals

30

54

13

3

i. Evangelical leaders leading a lavish lifestyle

30

47

20

3

h. Evangelical leaders violating sexual morals in their personal relationships

26

52

18

4

e. Government restrictions on religion

22

39

35

4

c. Influence of Catholicism

10

35

51

5

Q17.     In your view, how important is each of the following for being a good evangelical Christian?

Essential

Important, but not essential

Not too important

Not at all important

No answer

%

%

%

%

%

a. Working to help the poor and needy

73

24

1

*

2

b. Taking a public stand on social and political issues when they conflict with moral and biblical principles

56

37

4

1

2

c. Working to protect the natural environment

36

47

14

2

2

d. Taking a public stand on social and political issues that could limit the freedom of evangelicals to practice their faith

49

39

7

2

3

e. Working to lead others to Christ

94

4

1

*

1

f. Following the teachings of Christ in one’s personal and family life

97

2

*

0

1

g. Tithing

58

32

6

2

3

Rank Order Q17:  In your view, how important is each of the following for being a good evangelical Christian?

Essential

Important, but not essential

Not too important

Not at all important

No answer

%

%

%

%

%

f. Following the teachings of Christ in one’s personal and family life

97

2

*

0

1

e. Working to lead others to Christ

94

4

1

*

1

a. Working to help the poor and needy

73

24

1

*

2

g. Tithing

58

32

6

2

3

b. Taking a public stand on social and political issues when they conflict with moral and biblical principles

56

37

4

1

2

d. Taking a public stand on social and political issues that could limit the freedom of evangelicals to practice their faith

49

39

7

2

3

c. Working to protect the natural environment

36

47

14

2

2

Q18.     Do you think each of the following is compatible with being a good evangelical Christian, or not?

Compatible with being a good evangelical Christian

Not compatible with being a good evangelical Christian

No answer

%

%

%

a. Believing that miracles can take place today

94

4

2

b. Believing in divine healing

93

5

2

c. Speaking in tongues

70

26

4

d. Believing in astrology

1

97

3

e. Engaging in yoga as a spiritual practice

5

92

3

f. Believing in reincarnation, that people will be re-born in this world again and again

1

96

3

g. Believing that Jesus Christ is NOT the only path to salvation

3

95

3

h. Consuming alcohol29

42

52

6

Rank order Q18.  Do you think each of the following is compatible with being a good evangelical Christian, or not?

Compatible with being a good evangelical Christian

Not compatible with being a good evangelical Christian

No answer

%

%

%

a. Believing that miracles can take place today

94

4

2

b. Believing in divine healing

93

5

2

c. Speaking in tongues

70

26

4

h. Consuming alcohol*

42

52

6

e. Engaging in yoga as a spiritual practice

5

92

3

g. Believing that Jesus Christ is NOT the only path to salvation

3

95

3

f. Believing in reincarnation, that people will be re-born in this world again and again

1

96

3

d. Believing in astrology

1

97

3

Q19.     How favorable or unfavorable is your overall opinion of the following groups?

NET favorable

Very favorable

Mostly favorable

NET unfav-orable

Mostly unfav-orable

Very unfav-orable

Don’t know enough to rate

No answer

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

a. Catholics

67

10

57

22

18

4

4

7

b. Jews

54

11

43

18

13

4

19

9

c. Muslims

28

5

23

56

30

26

6

9

d. Pentecostal Christians

83

32

51

7

6

2

3

7

e. Atheists, that is people who don’t believe in God

25

5

20

58

29

29

8

9

f. Hindus

24

4

20

45

23

22

21

10

g. Orthodox Christians

56

13

43

20

15

5

16

9

h. Buddhists

24

4

20

45

24

21

22

9

Rank order Q19.  How favorable or unfavorable is your overall opinion of the following groups?

(BASED ON TOTAL ANSWERING)

NET favorable

Very favorable

Mostly favorable

NET unfav-orable

Mostly unfav-orable

Very unfav-orable

N

%

%

%

%

%

%

d.Pentecostal Christians

92

36

57

8

6

2

1981

a. Catholics

76

12

64

24

20

5

1953

b. Jews

75

16

60

25

18

6

1575

g. Orthodox Christians

74

17

57

26

20

6

1657

h. Buddhists

35

6

29

65

34

31

1522

f. Hindus

35

6

29

65

33

32

1519

c. Muslims

33

6

27

67

36

31

1858

e. Atheists, that is people who don’t believe in God

30

6

24

70

35

35

1814

Q20.     How much would you say you know about Islam and its practices?

%

28

A great deal

53

Some

17

Not too much

2

Nothing at all

*

No answer

Q21.     From what you know, do you think that Islam and Christianity have a lot in common, or do you think that Islam and Christianity are very different?

%

25

Islam and Christianity have a lot in common (Answer Q21b)

69

Islam and Christianity are very different
(Skip to Q22)

5

No answer

IF HAVE A LOT IN COMMON in Q21:

Q21b.   Which of these is the MAIN reason you think Islam and Christianity have a lot in common?30

Based on all asked Q21b

(N=553)

Based on total

%

%

Islam and Christianity share a common scriptural tradition

33

8

Muslims and Christians share a piety and commitment to their faith

21

5

Muslims and Christians ultimately worship the same God

8

2

Islam and Christianity share many moral teachings

21

5

Something else (please specify):

Islam and Christianity are both monotheistic faiths (VOL.)

4

1

Islam and Christianity share common historical roots/are Abrahamic faiths (VOL.)

3

1

Islam and Christianity share some common doctrinal beliefs/practices (VOL.)

3

1

Other response (VOL.)

3

1

No response

11

3

Q21 Think Islam/Christianity very different OR No answer

75

Q22.     Which religion do you think is attracting more converts in your country today?

%

17

Islam

78

Christianity

4

No answer

 

Q23.     Turning to events in the world today, in the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians, which side do you sympathize with more, Israel or the Palestinians?

%

34

Israel

11

The Palestinians

39

Both equally

13

Neither

2

No answer

Q24.     Do you feel each of these groups is generally friendly toward evangelical Christians in your country, neutral toward evangelical Christians or unfriendly toward evangelical Christians in your country?31

Friendly toward evangelical Christians

Neutral toward evangelical Christians

Unfriendly toward evangelical Christians

Not applicable in my country

No answer

%

%

%

%

%

a. Catholics

35

44

16

1

3

b. Orthodox Christians

21

35

16

21

6

c. Jews

8

31

19

35

7

d. Muslims

4

23

61

7

6

e. Pentecostal Christians

75

16

3

1

4

f. Those who are not religious

6

44

40

5

5

g. Buddhists

3

33

22

36

7

h. Hindus

3

30

23

37

7

Q24 Rank Order.  Do you feel each of these groups is generally friendly toward evangelical Christians in your country, neutral toward evangelical Christians or unfriendly toward evangelical Christians in your country?

 (BASED ON TOTAL ANSWERING)

Friendly toward evangelical Christians

Neutral toward evangelical Christians

Unfriendly toward evangelical Christians

N

%

%

%

%

e. Pentecostal Christians

80

17

3

2066

a. Catholics

37

46

17

2096

b. Orthodox Christians

30

48

22

1596

c. Jews

14

53

33

1266

f. Those who are not religious

7

49

45

1976

h. Hindus

6

53

41

1236

g. Buddhists

5

56

39

1267

d. Muslims

4

26

69

1925

Q25.     Is conflict between religious groups a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all in your country?

%

17

Very big problem

27

Moderately big problem

41

Small problem

14

Not a problem at all

1

No answer

 

Q26.     How often, if ever, are evangelical Christians treated unfairly by the government in your country?

%

12

Very often

22

Somewhat often

49

Not too often

15

Never

1

No answer

Q27.     In your country, how often, if ever, do you think evangelical Christians are discriminated against because of their religion when they do the following?

NET Very or somewhat often

Very often

Somewhat often

Not too often

Never

No answer

%

%

%

%

%

%

a. Apply for a job32

20

7

13

46

32

3

b. Try to find housing33

13

4

9

32

52

3

c. Apply to advance their schooling or education34

15

4

10

33

49

3

d. Apply for government services or benefits35

18

8

10

31

48

3

Q28.     How often, if ever, do you personally experience discrimination in your country because of your religion?36

%

4

Very often

11

Somewhat often

42

Not too often

41

Never

2

No answer

 

On another topic…

Q29.     Which statement comes closer to your own views even if neither is exactly right?

%

82

Some religions are more prone to violence than others. (Answer Q29b)

13

All religions are about the same when it comes to violence. (Skip to Q30)

4

No answer

IF SOME RELIGIONS ARE MORE PRONE TO VIOLENCE THAN OTHERS in Q29:

Q29b.   Which religion, if any, do you think is more prone to violence than others?37

[OPEN END] [NOTE: MORE THAN ONE RESPONSE WAS ACCEPTED, AND UP TO FOUR RESPONSES WERE CODED]

Based on all asked Q29b

(N=1806)

Based on total

%

%

Islam

84

69

Hinduism

6

5

Christianity

4

3

Judaism

1

1

Buddhism

1

*

Atheism/secularism

*

*

Other response

3

2

No response

11

9

Q29 All religions are about the same when it comes to violence/ No response

18

Q30.     Which statement comes closer to your own views even if neither is exactly right?

%

96

Christianity is the one, true faith leading to eternal life

1

Many religions can lead to eternal life

3

No answer

Q31.     Which of these statements comes closest to your own views?

%

50

The Bible is the actual Word of God and is to be taken literally word for word

48

The Bible is the Word of God, but not everything in it should be taken literally word for word.

*

The Bible is a book written by men and is not the word of God.

2

No answer

Q32.     Do you believe the second coming of Jesus Christ will occur in your lifetime, or not?

%

8

Yes, definitely will

44

Yes, probably will

37

No, probably will not

2

No, definitely will not

10

No answer

Q33.     Which statement comes closer to your own views even if neither is exactly right? 

%

49

It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values.

49

It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values.

2

No answer

Q34.     Which statement comes closer to your own views even if neither is exactly right?

%

73

God’s covenant with the Jewish people continues today.

22

God’s covenant with the Jewish people no longer applies.

5

No answer

Q35.     Some people say that the state of Israel is a fulfillment of the biblical prophecy about the second coming of Jesus.  Do you believe that this is true, or not?

%

48

Yes, true

42

No, not true

10

No answer

Q36.     Do you believe in the rapture of the Church—that believers will be instantly caught up with Christ before the Great Tribulation, or don’t you believe the end times will occur exactly this way?

%

61

Yes, believe in the rapture of the Church

32

No, do not believe the end times will occur exactly this way

8

No answer

Q37.     Which statement comes closer to your own views even if neither is exactly right? 

%

7

God will grant wealth and good health to all believers who have enough faith.

90

God doesn’t always give wealth and good health even to believers who have deep faith.

2

No answer

Q38.     Which statement comes closer to your own views even if neither is exactly right?

%

13

Homosexuality is a way of life that should be accepted by society.

84

Homosexuality is a way of life that should be discouraged by society.

4

No answer

Q39.     Which statement comes closest to your own views?

%

*

Abortion is always morally acceptable

2

Abortion is usually morally acceptable

45

Abortion is usually morally wrong

51

Abortion is always morally wrong

2

No answer

Q40.     Do you think there is a natural conflict between being an evangelical Christian and living in a modern society, or don’t you think so?

%

64

Yes, there is a natural conflict

33

No, don’t think so

3

No answer

Q41. Which statement comes closest to your own views?

%

3

Humans and other living things have evolved over time due to natural processes such as natural selection

41

A supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today

47

Humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time

9

No answer

Q42.     Do you agree or disagree with each of the following?38

NET agree

Completely agree

Mostly agree

NET disagree

Mostly disagree

Completely disagree

No answer

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

a. All adults have a responsibility to marry and have children.

49

12

36

48

17

31

3

b. A wife must always obey her husband.

55

15

40

41

20

21

4

c. Men should be the main financial provider for the family.

53

12

41

43

24

19

4

d. Women should stay at home and raise the children in the family.

33

2

31

63

35

28

4

e. Men have a duty to serve as the religious leaders in the marriage and family.

79

47

32

18

10

8

3

Q43.     Do you think women should be allowed to serve as pastors, or don’t you think so?

%

75

Yes, should be allowed

20

No, should not be allowed

5

No answer

Q44.     Would it be O.K. with you if the political leaders of your country have a different religion than yours, or do you only want political leaders who share your religion?

%

74

O.K. if political leaders have a different religion

21

Only want political leaders who share my religion

4

No answer

Q45.     Which statement comes closer to your own views even if neither is exactly right? 

%

13

Religious leaders should keep out of political matters.

84

Religious leaders should express their views on political questions.

3

No answer

Q46.     Would you favor or oppose making the Bible the official law of the land in your country?

%

45

Favor

48

Oppose

7

No answer

Q47.     Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:  It is the responsibility of the government to take care of very poor people who can’t take care of themselves.

%

32

Completely agree

49

Mostly agree

13

Mostly disagree

3

Completely disagree

3

No answer

Q48.     For each, does this describe you, or not?

Yes, describes

No, does not describe

No answer

%

%

%

a. Pentecostal Christian

25

48

27

b. Charismatic Christian

31

41

29

c. Fundamentalist Christian

11

56

33

d. Evangelical Christian

90

2

8

Q49.     Have you had a born-again experience, or not?

%

93

Yes      (Answer Q49b)

4

No        (Skip to Q50)

3

No answer

IF YES in Q49:

Q49b.   How old were you when you had a born-again experience? [OPEN-ENDED]

Based on all asked Q49b

(N=2040)

Based on total

%

%

Under 10

13

12

10-15

27

25

16-19

32

30

20-29

21

19

30+

5

5

No answer

2

2

Q49 Have not had born-again experience OR No answer

7

Mean age

16.8

Q50.     Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you participate in religious services?

%

68

More than once a week

21

Once a week

4

Once or twice a month

2

A few times a year

1

Seldom

*

Never

4

No answer

Q51.     Which church or denomination, if any, do you identify with most closely? (Please be as specific as possible.)

[OPEN END]

[IMPORTANT NOTE: RESPONSES TO THIS OPEN-ENDED QUESTION COULD NOT BE COLLAPSED INTO DENOMINATIONAL FAMILiES WITH A HIGH DEGREE OF PRECISION. THESE TENTATIVE RESULTS ARE PRESENTED ONLY TO PROVIDE A BROAD SENSE OF THE RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION OF RESPONDENTS]

%

14

Baptist

13

Pentecostal

7

Presbyterian

7

Anglican

6

Nondenominational/Independent

5

Holiness

4

Lutheran

4

Charismatic

3

Reformed

3

Methodist

2

Pietist

2

Anabaptist

1

Evangelistic and Missionary Associations

1

Fundamentalist Brethren

1

Bible Churches

1

Congregationalist

*

Restorationist

*

House church/new church

*

Adventist

*

Friends

14

Other: Includes vague answers such as “evangelical” or “Protestant,” as well as pan-Protestant groups.  Also includes mixed/more than one church, interdenominational, and other faiths including Catholic, Orthodox or Messianic Jew.  Also includes unintelligible cases and cases which could not be definitively assigned to a category.

1

None

11

No response

Q52.     Generally speaking, how often, if ever, do you do each of the following?

At least once a week

Once or twice a month

Several times a year

Seldom

Never

No answer

%

%

%

%

%

%

a. Participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs

75

15

5

2

*

3

b. Share your faith or views on God with people from other religions

27

24

30

14

1

4

c. Listen to religious radio or watch religious television programs

37

17

14

21

8

4

d. Participate in inter-faith religious groups, classes, or meetings with people from other religions

8

11

26

38

14

4

 

Q53.     Have you ever …?

Yes

No

No answer

%

%

%

a. Experienced or witnessed a divine healing of an illness or injury

76

20

4

b. Given or interpreted prophecy

40

55

6

c. Received a definite answer to a specific prayer request39

94

3

4

d. Received a direct revelation from God

61

33

6

e. Experienced or witnessed the devil or evil spirits being driven out of a person

57

38

5

f. Spoken or prayed in tongues

47

48

5

Q54.     Does the church or house of worship where you most often attend religious services work together with houses of worship from non-Christian faiths such as Muslims, Hindus or Buddhists to find solutions to community problems, or not?

%

20

Yes, does

75

No, does not

4

No answer

Q55.     Are you employed by a church or religious organization, or not?

%

74

Yes

15

No

7

Not employed

4

No answer

Q56.     Are you an ordained minister, or not?

%

51

Yes

45

No

4

No answer

Q57.     Do you have a degree from a university, or not? (Include degrees from a four-year college.)

%

85

Yes, have a degree from a university

12

No, do not have a degree from a university

3

No answer

Q58.     Thinking about when you were a child, in what religion were you raised, if any?        

%

67

Protestant

13

Catholic

*

Jewish

3

Muslim

1

Hindu

2

Buddhist

2

African traditional, animist, pagan, spiritist, new age (VOL.)

2

Orthodox/Coptic Christian (VOL.)

1

Other religion/unclear (VOL.)

1

More than one/mixed religion (VOL.)

5

None/Nothing in particular

4

No answer

Q59.     Thinking about when you were a child, were you raised as an evangelical Christian, or not?

%

52

Yes, raised as an evangelical Christian

44

No, not raised as an evangelical Christian

4

No answer

Q60.     Which of these best describes your current situation?

%

83

Married

*

Living with a partner

1

Widowed

1

Divorced

*

Separated

11

Never been married

3

No answer

Q61.     What is your current age?

%

5

Under 30 years of age

19

30-39 years

30

40-49 years

29

50-59 years

13

60 years and older

3

No answer

Q62.     Are you male or female?

%

71

Male

26

Female

3

No answer

Q63.     In what country are you currently living?

[OPEN-END]

Q64.     Which of these regions best describes the country where you are currently living?39

BEST REGION:40

%

20

Europe

19

North America

10

Central and South America

 26

Sub-Saharan Africa

 3

Middle East and North Africa

 21

Asia and the Pacific

 *

Unable to determine

%

43

Global North (includes Europe, North America, Japan, Australia and New Zealand)

57

Global South (includes all other countries)

Q65.     For each, does this describe your racial, ethnic or nationality group, or not?

Yes, describes

No, does not describe

No answer

%

%

%

a. Caucasian

37

40

23

b. Black

24

49

27

c. Mixed race

6

62

32

d. Arab

2

65

34

e. Hispanic, Latino or Spanish origin

8

61

31

f. South Asian

10

60

30

g. East Asian

10

59

31

DATE OF COMPLETION

%

68

Prior to Congress

32

During Congress

TYPE OF COMPLETION

%

67

Web survey

33

Paper survey


Footnotes

29 Based on 2,173 cases due to errors in questionnaire translation. (return to text)

30 Figures do not sum to 100% because multiple responses were allowed for those answering “something else.” (return to text)

31 Based on 2,193 cases due to errors in questionnaire translation. (return to text)

32 Based on 2,193 cases due to errors in questionnaire translation. (return to text)

33 Based on 2,183 cases due to errors in questionnaire translation. (return to text)

34 Based on 2,193 cases due to errors in questionnaire translation. (return to text)

35 Based on 2,193 cases due to errors in questionnaire translation. (return to text)

36 Based on 2,193 cases due to errors in questionnaire translation. (return to text)

37 Figures do not sum to 100% because multiple answers were counted. (return to text)

38 Based on 2,193 cases due to errors in questionnaire translation. (return to text)

39 Based on 2,190 cases due to errors in questionnaire translation. (return to text)

40 Response options included: Eurasia (includes Russia, Ukraine and more); English, Portuguese, and Spanish-speaking Africa; Francophone Africa; Middle East and North Africa; East Asia (includes Hong Kong, Macao, People’s Republic of China, and Republic of China); South Asia (includes India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and more); South Pacific (includes Australia, Papua New Guinea and more); Caribbean; Europe (includes European Union nations and more); Latin America (includes Mexico, Central America and South America); North America (Canada and the United States); North Asia (includes Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea); Southeast Asia (includes Indonesia, Philippines and more). The response option “Southeast Asia” was omitted from Q64 in the online survey, but was included on hard copies of the survey. (return to text)

41 BEST REGION was determined for each respondent in two stages.  First, a “best country” variable was created based on q63 and, if necessary, on the Congress registration database. Second, a “best region” variable was created based on “best country” and, if necessary, on Q64. (return to text)

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