January 5, 2015

Table: Number of Congressmen by Religious Affiliation

Display: Number | Percentage

Religion 87th 91st 96th 101st 106th 111th 112th 113th 114th
(’61-’62) (’69-’71) (’79-’80) (’89-’90) (’99-’00) (’09-’10) (’11-’12) (’13-’14) (’15-’16)
Protestant 398 379 340 325 315 295 307 299 306
Baptist 62 53 55 55 70 66 68 73 79
Methodist 97 88 78 78 64 57 51 46 45
Presbyterian 73 80 65 51 48 43 45 43 36
Anglican/Episcopal 66 64 68 63 43 38 41 39 41
Lutheran 21 13 20 24 22 24 26 23 27
Nondenom. Prot. 0 0 0 0 0 5 2 3 4
Restorationist 18 16 9 9 4 4 3 3 3
Holiness 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 1
Congregationalist 27 25 12 12 9 6 3 2 4
Adventist 0 0 1 1 3 2 2 2 2
Christian Scientist 4 4 3 3 5 3 3 2 2
Pentecostal 0 0 1 1 3 2 0 1 3
Reformed 1 1 0 1 2 2 2 1 1
Friends/Quakers 2 3 2 0 0 1 1 1 0
Anabaptist 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
Pietist 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
Unspecified/other 23 28 23 26 42 39 58 58 58
Catholic 100 109 129 139 151 161 156 163 164
Mormon 7 10 11 11 17 14 15 15 16
Orthodox Christian 0 3 6 7 6 7 5 5 5
Jewish 12 19 30 39 34 45 39 33 28
Buddhist 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 3 2
Muslim 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2
Hindu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Other faiths* 10 7 12 10 3 3 2 1 1
Unaffiliated 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 1 1
Don’t know/refused 5 7 0 4 8 5 6 10 9
Total 532 534 533 535 534 535 535 533 535

Sources: 1961 data from the Library of Congress; other data from CQ Roll Call and the Pew Research Center. Figures for 114th Congress reflect members of Congress to be sworn in on Jan. 6, 2015. Includes Rep. Michael G. Grimm, R-N.Y., who recently announced his intention to resign effective Jan. 5.

Numbers for total members of Congress vary depending on how many seats were empty – for a variety of reasons – when the data was collected.

*Unitarian Universalists are included in “Other Faiths.”