Like Hindus, Buddhist migrants overwhelmingly have come from
the Asia-Pacific region. Nearly half of Buddhists who have left countries in
the region have moved to other countries in that same region. But large numbers
of Buddhists also have moved to North America, as well as to Europe.
In terms of individual countries, the top two sources of
Buddhist migrants have been Vietnam and China (more than 1 million each). Other
major countries of origin for Buddhist migrants include Sri Lanka, Thailand,
Malaysia and Japan.
Many Buddhist migrants have moved to
nearby countries in Asia, though significant numbers also have gone to the
United States and Canada. Indeed, the United States has far more Buddhist
migrants (about 1.7 million) than any other single country. Singapore, the
second-largest destination for Buddhists, has about 600,000, mostly from the
nearby countries of China and Malaysia.
have migrated in substantial numbers to Australia (more than 300,000), Canada
(nearly 300,000) and Germany (about 200,000). Most of the remaining top
destinations for Buddhist migrants are in the Asia-Pacific region (Hong Kong,
Japan, Cambodia and Malaysia).