December 13, 2016

In sub-Saharan Africa, 65% of Muslims have not completed even one year of school, compared with 29% of Christians



Muslim

Christian

Kenya

11%

59%

47pt. diff.

Chad

50

89

40

Cameroon

24

62

38

25

61

Ghana

36

30

65

Regional avg.

35

MALI

Nigeria

26

61

35

CHAD

SENEGAL

39

73

Ivory Coast

BURKINA FASO

34

BENIN

8

40

32

Rep. Congo

NIGERIA

IVORY

COAST

TOGO

ETHIOPIA

8

40

Gabon

32

SIERRA LEONE

CAMEROON

40

68

Senegal

28

LIBERIA

GHANA

UGANDA

50

77

Sierra Leone

27

CONGO

KENYA

GABON

RWANDA

DEM.

REP. OF

THE CONGO

Benin

48

75

27

BURUNDI

24

49

Togo

25

TANZANIA

Malawi

28

49

21

In 18 countries, Muslims are more likely than Christians to have no formal schooling by 10 percentage points or more.

70

87

Burkina Faso

18

MALAWI

Liberia

53

68

15

ZAMBIA

70

83

Ethiopia

13

MADAGASCAR

Mali

67

79

12

MOZAMBIQUE

31

42

Mozambique

9

MAURITIUS

Tanzania

22

26

In five countries, the gap is less than 10 points.

19

20

Zambia

SOUTH

AFRICA

Data not available for both Christians and Muslims

Mauritius

5

5

2

2

Uganda

9

16

D.R. Congo

7

Note: Adults ages 25 years and older as of 2010 (or latest year available). Muslim-Christian differences are calculated based on unrounded numbers. Nine additional countries in sub-Saharan Africa are not shown because of missing education data for either Christians or Muslims.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis. See Methodology for details.
“Religion and Education Around the World”

PEW RESEARCH CENTER

5

19

South Africa

14

In four countries, Christians are more likely than Muslims to have no formal schooling by 10 points or more.

Rwanda

29

43

14

38

58

Madagascar

20

Burundi

32

55

23

Christian

Muslim

Kenya

11%

59%

47pt. diff.

Chad

50

89

40

Cameroon

24

62

38

Ghana

25

61

36

Regional avg.

30

65

35

Nigeria

26

61

35

MALI

Ivory Coast

39

73

34

CHAD

SENEGAL

8

40

32

Rep. Congo

BURKINA FASO

BENIN

NIGERIA

IVORY

COAST

TOGO

ETHIOPIA

Gabon

8

40

32

SIERRA

LEONE

CAMEROON

Senegal

40

68

28

LIBERIA

GHANA

UGANDA

CONGO

KENYA

GABON

RWANDA

DEM.

REP. OF

THE CONGO

Sierra Leone

50

77

27

BURUNDI

TANZANIA

48

75

Benin

27

In 18 countries, Muslims are more likely than Christians to have no formal schooling by 10 percentage points or more.

Togo

24

49

25

MALAWI

ZAMBIA

28

49

Malawi

21

MADAGASCAR

MOZAMBIQUE

Burkina Faso

70

87

18

MAURITIUS

53

68

Liberia

15

Data not available for both Christians and Muslims

SOUTH

AFRICA

Ethiopia

70

83

13

67

79

Mali

12

Mozambique

31

42

Note: Adults ages 25 years and older as of 2010 (or latest year available). Muslim-Christian differences are calculated based on unrounded numbers. Nine additional countries in sub-Saharan Africa are not shown because of missing education data for either Christians or Muslims.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis. See Methodology for more details.
“Religion and Education Around the World”

PEW RESEARCH CENTER

22

26

Tanzania

In five countries, the gap is less than 10 points.

Zambia

19

20

5

5

Mauritius

Uganda

2

2

9

16

D.R. Congo

7

South Africa

5

19

In four countries, Christians are more likely than Muslims to have no formal schooling by 10 points or more.

14

29

43

Rwanda

14

Madagascar

38

58

20

32

55

Burundi

23

MALI

CHAD

SENEGAL

BURKINA FASO

BENIN

IVORY

COAST

NIGERIA

ETHIOPIA

TOGO

SIERRA

LEONE

CAMEROON

LIBERIA

GHANA

UGANDA

CONGO

KENYA

GABON

RWANDA

DEM.

REP. OF

THE CONGO

BURUNDI

TANZANIA

Data not available for both Christians and Muslims

MALAWI

ZAMBIA

MADAGASCAR

MOZAMBIQUE

MAURITIUS

SOUTH

AFRICA

Christian

Muslim

Kenya

11%

47pt. diff.

59%

Chad

50

40

89

Cameroon

24

38

62

36

Ghana

25

61

30

65

35

Regional avg.

35

Nigeria

26

61

Ivory Coast

39

34

73

32

Rep. Congo

8

40

32

Gabon

8

40

28

Senegal

40

68

Sierra Leone

50

27

77

27

Benin

48

75

Togo

24

25

49

21

Malawi

28

49

Burkina Faso

70

18

87

15

Liberia

53

68

Ethiopia

70

13

83

12

Mali

67

79

Mozambique

31

42

Tanzania

22

26

Zambia

19

20

Mauritius

5

5

Uganda

2

2

7

D.R. Congo

9

16

South Africa

5

14

19

29

14

Rwanda

43

Madagascar

38

20

58

23

Burundi

32

55

Note: Adults ages 25 years and older as of 2010 (or latest year available). Muslim-Christian differences are calculated based on unrounded numbers. Nine additional countries in sub-Saharan Africa are not shown because of missing education data for either Christians or Muslims.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis. See Methodology for more details.
“Religion and Education Around the World”

PEW RESEARCH CENTER