November 13, 2014

Religion and Morality in Latin America

A Pew Research Center survey of 18 Latin American countries and Puerto Rico asked people whether eight specific behaviors — including homosexual behavior and having an abortion — are morally wrong. Even though Catholic Church teaching forbids some of these behaviors, Protestants across the region are more likely than Catholics to see many of them as morally unacceptable.

% saying __ is morally wrong
0-24%
25-49%
50-74%
> 74%
Catholics
Protestants
 
of Catholics in say abortion is morally wrong
was not included in the survey
 
of Protestants in say abortion is morally wrong
was not included in the survey
Mouseover a country to see the values for both religions

Abortion: Clear majorities across the region view abortion as morally wrong. In many countries, Protestants are more likely than Catholics to hold this view.

CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
Country% Morally
wrong
% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure % Morally wrong% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure
Argentina 64111016 792613
Bolivia 86347 93133
Brazil 802710 88129
Chile 5781620 78778
Colombia 825410 90325
Costa Rica 824410 88245
Dominican Republic 90225 96121
Ecuador 84286 95231
El Salvador 95131 93133
Guatemala 94114 98111
Honduras 95211 96211
Mexico 719119 785512
Nicaragua 87346 94123
Panama 89434 91450
Paraguay 96*13 96022
Peru 85357 91126
Puerto Rico 733916 802711
Uruguay 49191715 689715
Venezuela 84556 95032
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
Country% Morally
wrong
% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure % Morally wrong% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure
Argentina 2241298 4925197
Bolivia 5912209 852103
Brazil 4727215 748134
Chile 15215113 43173010
Colombia 5029138 761374
Costa Rica 6015223 778113
Dominican Republic 6322131 85772
Ecuador 6113206 89461
El Salvador 84871 9145*
Guatemala 89631 96121
Honduras 8964* 93421
Mexico 4921246 6812129
Nicaragua 83862 9423*
Panama 7513102 8794*
Paraguay 5720195 7311142
Peru 5515237 833113
Puerto Rico 3424356 5513275
Uruguay 3334267 4926196
Venezuela 4432204 816103
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
Country% Morally
wrong
% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure % Morally wrong% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure
Argentina 1067195 1566162
Bolivia 24481810 38351611
Brazil 1660168 2262115
Chile 553356 23382713
Colombia 1372114 2559105
Costa Rica 2257183 2061163
Dominican Republic 1868104 305884
Ecuador 2355175 3540178
El Salvador 4638114 483985
Guatemala 523594 503595
Honduras 4643102 474283
Mexico 2849175 3646145
Nicaragua 2462113 3055114
Panama 394993 444591
Paraguay 285995 395047
Peru 2346247 3939166
Puerto Rico 1749276 1651277
Uruguay 667243 773182
Venezuela 878104 206667
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
Country% Morally
wrong
% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure % Morally wrong% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure
Argentina 1652239 27382212
Bolivia 4726189 5818149
Brazil 17541811 3939914
Chile 1049329 26322616
Colombia 3046149 49271311
Costa Rica 3437226 3836188
Dominican Republic 2753156 4540104
Ecuador 3737188 6417137
El Salvador 5130108 612397
Guatemala 691787 741745
Honduras 593272 612973
Mexico 3245167 4931713
Nicaragua 3843136 5331106
Panama 513667 702145
Paraguay 2751814 513289
Peru 39292110 6716108
Puerto Rico 22402513 23372614
Uruguay 1254295 2648206
Venezuela 2259118 5231711
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
Country% Morally
wrong
% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure % Morally wrong% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure
Argentina 4527209 65131310
Bolivia 719119 83368
Brazil 5716208 83773
Chile 37182916 709138
Colombia 651898 85852
Costa Rica 6614156 83692
Dominican Republic 791082 94421
Ecuador 775117 91152
El Salvador 86663 9145*
Guatemala 89442 93241
Honduras 83781 94231
Mexico 5521177 771284
Nicaragua 781074 92431
Panama 81973 90550
Paraguay 821044 88732
Peru 7111116 85636
Puerto Rico 56112211 765136
Uruguay 34332310 6319135
Venezuela 6517117 89453
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
Country% Morally
wrong
% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure % Morally wrong% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure
Argentina 6981310 87265
Bolivia 85366 94133
Brazil 85483 95*32
Chile 5772015 84557
Colombia 84547 92233
Costa Rica 80587 91143
Dominican Republic 93332 96121
Ecuador 803107 94231
El Salvador 94231 94231
Guatemala 96221 9711*
Honduras 92322 95212
Mexico 718147 83737
Nicaragua 93232 96111
Panama 93332 91730
Paraguay 96121 95320
Peru 90353 90235
Puerto Rico 86275 90162
Uruguay 51142015 78796
Venezuela 88354 96121
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
Country% Morally
wrong
% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure % Morally wrong% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure
Argentina 2249227 4039164
Bolivia 56181511 741287
Brazil 4429206 761464
Chile 18343712 51211810
Colombia 4038149 741584
Costa Rica 4729195 692182
Dominican Republic 4935133 751663
Ecuador 6014198 816113
El Salvador 731773 801352
Guatemala 801145 83935
Honduras 573194 741872
Mexico 4529188 7410125
Nicaragua 5331116 751474
Panama 4938103 791811
Paraguay 474166 6025105
Peru 5220189 79867
Puerto Rico 41173012 6013198
Uruguay 1751266 4535174
Venezuela 3639195 771373
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
CatholicsProtestants
Country% Morally
wrong
% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure % Morally wrong% Morally acceptable% Not a moral issue% Unsure
Argentina 734167 851131
Bolivia 91153 94*51
Brazil 89191 97120
Chile 6741910 782147
Colombia 94231 97111
Costa Rica 94231 9523*
Dominican Republic 9811* 98*21
Ecuador 88174 96*31
El Salvador 9622* 9613*
Guatemala 98*11 99*1*
Honduras 96130 97110
Mexico 784136 80497
Nicaragua 98*11 98111
Panama 92331 93330
Paraguay 98*2* 96040
Peru 86293 88183
Puerto Rico 88183 91171
Uruguay 675218 802117
Venezuela 91161 97030

Source: Pew Research Center survey of 18 Latin American countries and the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico, based on more than 30,000 face-to-face interviews, conducted between October 2013 and February 2014, in Spanish, Portuguese and Guarani.