Belief in God among adults who believe in Heaven

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 19% 3% 1% 1% 1% 24,337
2007 82% 15% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 25,775

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Belief in God among adults who believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they…

Religious tradition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 70% 26% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% 6,083
Evangelical Protestant 89% 10% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 7,452
Historically Black Protestant 91% 8% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1,761
Jehovah's Witness 92% 7% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 126
Jewish 61% 30% 7% < 1% 1% < 1% 288
Mainline Protestant 73% 23% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 4,683
Mormon 88% 10% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 626
Muslim 87% 11% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 202
Orthodox Christian 70% 25% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 138
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 50% 32% 11% 1% 4% 2% 2,430

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are ages…

Belief in God 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 18,400. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 18% 34% 29% 20% 18,400
Believe in God; fairly certain 27% 36% 24% 14% 4,406
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 41% 34% 17% 9% 616
Believe in God; don't know 15% 23% 27% 35% 154
Do not believe in God 50% 33% 10% 7% 150
Other/don't know if they believe in God 36% 36% 17% 10% 123

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 18,400. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 11% 12% 28% 34% 13% 1% 18,400
Believe in God; fairly certain 17% 17% 29% 28% 9% 1% 4,406
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 27% 21% 26% 20% 5% 1% 616
Believe in God; don't know 6% 12% 19% 30% 24% 8% 154
Do not believe in God 41% 19% 23% 14% 3% < 1% 150
Other/don't know if they believe in God 24% 18% 30% 19% 8% 1% 123

Gender composition among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 43% 57% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 51% 49% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 60% 40% 624
Believe in God; don't know 48% 52% 160
Do not believe in God 48% 52% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 61% 39% 130

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Belief in God White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 18,541. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 64% 16% 2% 14% 4% 18,541
Believe in God; fairly certain 64% 7% 4% 22% 3% 4,443
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 61% 7% 8% 20% 4% 620
Believe in God; don't know 57% 12% 6% 22% 3% 153
Do not believe in God 65% 5% 14% 13% 4% 150
Other/don't know if they believe in God 74% 8% 2% 11% 5% 122

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 18,548. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 12% 9% 79% 18,548
Believe in God; fairly certain 20% 10% 70% 4,415
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 21% 14% 65% 608
Believe in God; don't know 21% 12% 67% 153
Do not believe in God 18% 22% 60% 149
Other/don't know if they believe in God 9% 8% 84% 124

Income distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Belief in God Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 16,239. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 37% 21% 26% 15% 16,239
Believe in God; fairly certain 38% 19% 25% 18% 3,956
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 39% 20% 22% 19% 551
Believe in God; don't know 58% 21% 17% 4% 110
Do not believe in God 36% 30% 21% 13% 132

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have completed…

Belief in God High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 18,692. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 44% 33% 15% 8% 18,692
Believe in God; fairly certain 47% 30% 14% 9% 4,454
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 47% 30% 14% 9% 621
Believe in God; don't know 62% 27% 7% 4% 157
Do not believe in God 43% 35% 13% 8% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 39% 37% 18% 7% 127

Marital status among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 18,718. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 5% 14% 8% 22% 18,718
Believe in God; fairly certain 46% 10% 11% 5% 27% 4,460
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 34% 11% 7% 4% 44% 622
Believe in God; don't know 34% 10% 18% 21% 18% 156
Do not believe in God 27% 11% 6% 3% 53% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 28% 11% 13% 8% 40% 127

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 18,724. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 30% 70% 18,724
Believe in God; fairly certain 31% 69% 4,461
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 26% 74% 622
Believe in God; don't know 23% 77% 158
Do not believe in God 21% 79% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 25% 75% 128

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Belief in God Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 76% 19% 3% 1% < 1% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 31% 49% 16% 3% < 1% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 15% 34% 36% 16% < 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 62% 25% 4% 4% 5% 160
Do not believe in God 13% 22% 29% 35% < 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 21% 31% 26% 20% 3% 130

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 50% 34% 16% 1% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 24% 45% 31% < 1% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 10% 39% 51% < 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 41% 29% 27% 2% 160
Do not believe in God 8% 32% 60% < 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 10% 37% 52% 1% 130

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who pray…

Belief in God At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 75% 16% 3% 5% 1% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 39% 26% 13% 22% < 1% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 23% 14% 14% 49% < 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 55% 14% 8% 17% 6% 160
Do not believe in God 8% 9% 12% 71% < 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 27% 14% 11% 46% 1% 130

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 35% 12% 10% 43% 1% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 13% 9% 9% 69% < 1% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 7% 7% 5% 81% < 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 23% 8% 9% 50% 11% 160
Do not believe in God 3% 4% 5% 88% < 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 9% 5% 3% 81% 1% 130

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who meditate…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 48% 7% 3% 40% 2% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 29% 11% 5% 54% 1% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 19% 11% 7% 63% 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 55% 3% 2% 35% 6% 160
Do not believe in God 22% 8% 3% 66% < 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 30% 12% 3% 55% 1% 130

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 71% 13% 7% 7% 1% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 43% 20% 15% 21% 1% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 28% 16% 17% 38% 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 59% 10% 9% 13% 10% 160
Do not believe in God 31% 14% 9% 45% 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 40% 13% 6% 35% 6% 130

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 16% 12% 26% 2% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 38% 18% 17% 26% 1% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 40% 15% 15% 29% 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 42% 9% 10% 31% 8% 160
Do not believe in God 35% 12% 11% 43% < 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 32% 16% 17% 30% 4% 130

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in God Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 6% 38% 4% 2% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 18% 12% 57% 11% 2% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 8% 18% 57% 16% 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 25% 10% 49% 7% 9% 160
Do not believe in God 8% 10% 58% 22% 2% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 12% 19% 59% 8% 2% 130

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Belief in God There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 40% 58% 1% 1% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 26% 72% 1% 1% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 21% 78% 1% 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 30% 59% 4% 7% 160
Do not believe in God 18% 81% < 1% 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 22% 73% 4% 1% 130

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 12% 9% 28% 1% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 18% 11% 10% 60% 1% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 9% 10% 8% 74% < 1% 624
Believe in God; don't know 37% 7% 5% 43% 8% 160
Do not believe in God 6% 6% 2% 86% < 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 20% 7% 6% 66% 1% 130

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in God Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 34% 4% 12% 6% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 19% 35% 1% 37% 8% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 13% 17% 1% 62% 7% 624
Believe in God; don't know 45% 14% 10% 13% 19% 160
Do not believe in God 9% 7% 1% 77% 5% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 10% 13% 4% 53% 20% 130

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …in hell

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 80% 15% 5% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 67% 27% 6% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 62% 33% 5% 624
Believe in God; don't know 68% 17% 15% 160
Do not believe in God 56% 40% 4% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 64% 30% 6% 130

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Belief in God Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 44% 17% 39% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 35% 19% 46% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 27% 20% 53% 624
Believe in God; don't know 29% 33% 38% 160
Do not believe in God 30% 20% 49% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 28% 34% 38% 130

Political ideology among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 46% 32% 17% 6% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 29% 39% 26% 6% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 25% 38% 32% 5% 624
Believe in God; don't know 30% 24% 26% 19% 160
Do not believe in God 19% 36% 33% 12% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 23% 39% 23% 15% 130

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Belief in God Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 54% 40% 3% 3% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 48% 47% 2% 3% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 44% 50% 2% 4% 624
Believe in God; don't know 34% 49% 4% 13% 160
Do not believe in God 44% 49% < 1% 7% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 47% 40% 5% 9% 130

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in God Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 45% 4% 2% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 45% 51% 3% 2% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 42% 53% 2% 2% 624
Believe in God; don't know 34% 42% 9% 15% 160
Do not believe in God 41% 55% 2% 2% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 38% 47% 14% 1% 130

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Belief in God Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 41% 54% 4% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 60% 37% 3% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 68% 29% 3% 624
Believe in God; don't know 34% 42% 24% 160
Do not believe in God 71% 26% 3% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 58% 31% 11% 130

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Belief in God Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 50% 42% 5% 4% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 75% 19% 3% 2% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 77% 18% 2% 4% 624
Believe in God; don't know 46% 31% 10% 14% 160
Do not believe in God 82% 16% 2% < 1% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 61% 26% 10% 4% 130

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Belief in God Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 40% 52% 8% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 65% 27% 8% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 71% 22% 7% 624
Believe in God; don't know 43% 29% 28% 160
Do not believe in God 76% 18% 6% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 58% 31% 11% 130

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Belief in God Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 43% 51% 2% 3% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 37% 59% 2% 3% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 36% 61% 2% 2% 624
Believe in God; don't know 38% 38% 7% 17% 160
Do not believe in God 27% 70% 1% 2% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 34% 55% 5% 5% 130

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say humans…

Belief in God Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 15% 31% 3% 46% 5% 18,797
Believe in God; fairly certain 39% 30% 5% 22% 3% 4,475
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 58% 15% 4% 21% 3% 624
Believe in God; don't know 22% 20% 9% 34% 15% 160
Do not believe in God 66% 12% 4% 15% 3% 151
Other/don't know if they believe in God 44% 17% 11% 20% 8% 130