Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 19,167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 79% 17% 3% 1% 1% 1% 19,167
2007 84% 13% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 20,461

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Religious tradition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 71% 25% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% 4,475
Evangelical Protestant 90% 8% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 6,978
Historically Black Protestant 93% 6% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1,557
Jewish 74% 18% 5% 1% 3% < 1% 144
Mainline Protestant 76% 21% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 3,327
Mormon 89% 9% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 381
Muslim 91% 9% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 173
Orthodox Christian 73% 21% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 52% 30% 10% 1% 4% 2% 1,699

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Belief in God 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 15,155. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 19% 34% 28% 19% 15,155
Believe in God; fairly certain 29% 36% 24% 11% 2,935
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 43% 33% 15% 9% 410
Believe in God; don't know 13% 27% 27% 33% 108
Do not believe in God 54% 29% 11% 6% 113

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 15,155. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 12% 13% 29% 34% 12% 1% 15,155
Believe in God; fairly certain 18% 18% 29% 27% 7% 1% 2,935
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 28% 24% 24% 18% 6% 1% 410
Believe in God; don't know 7% 10% 23% 30% 22% 8% 108
Do not believe in God 43% 21% 19% 14% 2% < 1% 113

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 55% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 55% 45% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 64% 36% 414
Believe in God; don't know 51% 49% 112
Do not believe in God 53% 47% 113

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Belief in God White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 15,265. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 64% 16% 2% 13% 4% 15,265
Believe in God; fairly certain 60% 8% 4% 25% 3% 2,949
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 54% 7% 11% 25% 3% 413
Believe in God; don't know 57% 14% 8% 19% 2% 108
Do not believe in God 62% 4% 18% 13% 2% 112

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 15,248. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 12% 8% 80% 15,248
Believe in God; fairly certain 22% 10% 68% 2,930
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 24% 14% 62% 405
Believe in God; don't know 25% 10% 65% 107
Do not believe in God 21% 20% 59% 109

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Belief in God Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 13,415. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 37% 22% 26% 15% 13,415
Believe in God; fairly certain 40% 20% 25% 15% 2,607
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 45% 17% 24% 14% 372

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Belief in God High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 15,376. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 44% 34% 14% 8% 15,376
Believe in God; fairly certain 51% 29% 13% 7% 2,959
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 54% 28% 12% 6% 409
Believe in God; don't know 64% 24% 6% 5% 109
Do not believe in God 46% 31% 12% 11% 113

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 15,398. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 52% 5% 14% 8% 22% 15,398
Believe in God; fairly certain 44% 11% 11% 4% 30% 2,963
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 34% 9% 9% 3% 45% 412
Believe in God; don't know 33% 9% 22% 16% 20% 110
Do not believe in God 26% 13% 7% 2% 53% 113

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 15,401. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 31% 69% 15,401
Believe in God; fairly certain 33% 67% 2,962
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 27% 73% 412
Believe in God; don't know 21% 79% 110
Do not believe in God 18% 82% 113

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Belief in God Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 78% 18% 2% 1% < 1% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 33% 49% 15% 3% < 1% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 16% 36% 36% 13% < 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 63% 21% 7% 4% 5% 112
Do not believe in God 15% 19% 34% 33% < 1% 113

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 53% 32% 14% < 1% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 23% 44% 32% 1% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 10% 37% 53% < 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 40% 32% 26% 3% 112
Do not believe in God 7% 24% 70% < 1% 113

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Belief in God At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 77% 15% 3% 4% 1% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 39% 25% 13% 23% < 1% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 25% 15% 11% 49% < 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 51% 16% 10% 18% 5% 112
Do not believe in God 8% 5% 5% 82% < 1% 113

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 38% 12% 10% 39% 1% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 14% 10% 9% 67% < 1% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 8% 8% 6% 78% < 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 28% 9% 8% 48% 7% 112
Do not believe in God 5% 3% 6% 86% < 1% 113

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 48% 7% 3% 40% 2% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 28% 11% 5% 55% 1% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 19% 10% 5% 65% 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 54% 4% 3% 36% 4% 112
Do not believe in God 19% 3% 4% 72% 2% 113

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 72% 13% 7% 7% 1% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 43% 20% 14% 22% 1% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 26% 15% 16% 42% < 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 60% 5% 10% 15% 11% 112
Do not believe in God 24% 11% 11% 53% 1% 113

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 16% 11% 26% 2% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 37% 18% 17% 26% 1% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 41% 13% 13% 32% 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 43% 8% 12% 35% 3% 112
Do not believe in God 30% 12% 11% 45% 1% 113

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in God Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 52% 6% 36% 4% 2% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 20% 11% 55% 12% 2% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 9% 16% 60% 15% < 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 26% 9% 46% 9% 10% 112
Do not believe in God 8% 11% 58% 22% 1% 113

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Belief in God There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 43% 55% 1% 1% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 28% 70% 1% 1% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 22% 76% 1% 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 29% 61% 4% 6% 112
Do not believe in God 16% 81% < 1% 2% 113

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 54% 12% 9% 25% 1% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 18% 12% 10% 59% 1% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 9% 11% 7% 73% < 1% 414
Believe in God; don't know 34% 7% 9% 44% 6% 112
Do not believe in God 8% 4% 2% 87% < 1% 113

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in God Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 33% 4% 9% 5% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 23% 36% 2% 33% 7% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 15% 17% < 1% 61% 6% 414
Believe in God; don't know 47% 11% 12% 11% 19% 112
Do not believe in God 11% 9% 1% 73% 6% 113

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 95% 2% 3% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 96% 2% 2% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 87% 8% 5% 414
Believe in God; don't know 93% 4% 3% 112
Do not believe in God 69% 28% 2% 113

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Belief in God Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 47% 16% 38% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 36% 20% 44% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 28% 24% 48% 414
Believe in God; don't know 26% 34% 40% 112
Do not believe in God 32% 20% 48% 113

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 30% 15% 6% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 31% 38% 25% 6% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 28% 36% 30% 6% 414
Believe in God; don't know 28% 21% 27% 24% 112
Do not believe in God 22% 38% 32% 9% 113

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Belief in God Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 56% 39% 3% 3% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 47% 48% 2% 3% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 46% 48% 2% 4% 414
Believe in God; don't know 37% 48% 3% 13% 112
Do not believe in God 39% 56% < 1% 5% 113

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in God Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 43% 4% 2% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 48% 48% 3% 2% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 46% 50% 2% 2% 414
Believe in God; don't know 33% 43% 11% 12% 112
Do not believe in God 42% 55% 3% < 1% 113

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Belief in God Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 38% 58% 4% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 57% 39% 3% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 64% 33% 3% 414
Believe in God; don't know 31% 46% 23% 112
Do not believe in God 68% 29% 3% 113

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Belief in God Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 46% 46% 4% 4% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 72% 22% 3% 3% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 75% 19% 2% 4% 414
Believe in God; don't know 43% 35% 11% 11% 112
Do not believe in God 75% 23% 2% < 1% 113

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Belief in God Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 35% 57% 7% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 62% 30% 8% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 68% 24% 9% 414
Believe in God; don't know 46% 32% 22% 112
Do not believe in God 79% 17% 5% 113

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Belief in God Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 50% 2% 3% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 39% 57% 2% 3% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 42% 54% 2% 2% 414
Believe in God; don't know 43% 35% 6% 16% 112
Do not believe in God 39% 60% 1% < 1% 113

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Belief in God Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 14% 30% 2% 49% 5% 15,458
Believe in God; fairly certain 37% 31% 5% 24% 4% 2,972
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 52% 17% 5% 24% 2% 414
Believe in God; don't know 24% 24% 10% 30% 12% 112
Do not believe in God 62% 12% 4% 20% 1% 113