Belief in God among adults with a household income of less than $30,000

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 66% 20% 5% 1% 7% 2% 8,845
2007 75% 16% 3% 1% 3% 2% 8,068

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Belief in God among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by religious group

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say they…

Religious tradition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 61% 30% 6% 2% 1% 1% 1,812
Evangelical Protestant 85% 12% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 2,370
Historically Black Protestant 88% 9% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 791
Jehovah's Witness 90% 9% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 102
Mainline Protestant 72% 22% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1,208
Mormon 85% 12% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 131
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 37% 23% 11% 1% 24% 4% 1,852

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are ages…

Belief in God 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 5,879. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 22% 30% 27% 21% 5,879
Believe in God; fairly certain 30% 34% 21% 16% 1,632
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 44% 27% 15% 14% 416
Do not believe in God 52% 26% 12% 10% 614
Other/don't know if they believe in God 42% 26% 15% 17% 149

Generational cohort among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Belief in God Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 5,879. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 12% 15% 24% 32% 14% 2% 5,879
Believe in God; fairly certain 15% 22% 26% 24% 11% 1% 1,632
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 27% 24% 21% 18% 10% 1% 416
Do not believe in God 34% 26% 17% 14% 7% 1% 614
Other/don't know if they believe in God 24% 25% 19% 20% 10% 1% 149

Gender composition among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Belief in God Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 39% 61% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 45% 55% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 57% 43% 418
Do not believe in God 60% 40% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 60% 40% 151

Racial and ethnic composition among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who identify as…

Belief in God White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 5,886. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 22% 2% 20% 5% 5,886
Believe in God; fairly certain 49% 10% 2% 34% 4% 1,633
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 57% 9% 5% 27% 2% 413
Do not believe in God 72% 3% 7% 13% 5% 611
Other/don't know if they believe in God 79% 6% 1% 6% 8% 146

Immigrant status among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Belief in God Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 5,836. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 17% 9% 74% 5,836
Believe in God; fairly certain 30% 10% 60% 1,611
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 19% 18% 63% 410
Do not believe in God 14% 19% 68% 604
Other/don't know if they believe in God 10% 8% 82% 145

Educational distribution among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who have completed…

Belief in God High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 5,923. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 61% 31% 6% 2% 5,923
Believe in God; fairly certain 64% 26% 6% 3% 1,635
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 62% 26% 9% 4% 415
Do not believe in God 43% 37% 15% 6% 615
Other/don't know if they believe in God 39% 47% 5% 9% 151

Marital status among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Belief in God Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 5,918. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 29% 8% 22% 12% 29% 5,918
Believe in God; fairly certain 29% 13% 17% 8% 33% 1,638
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 20% 13% 16% 7% 44% 417
Do not believe in God 18% 16% 12% 3% 50% 615
Other/don't know if they believe in God 14% 6% 24% 9% 47% 150

Parent of children under 18 among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Belief in God Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 5,926. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 29% 71% 5,926
Believe in God; fairly certain 32% 68% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 25% 75% 417
Do not believe in God 17% 83% 615
Other/don't know if they believe in God 18% 82% 149

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say religion is…

Belief in God Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 74% 19% 3% 3% 1% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 37% 42% 15% 6% 1% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 16% 33% 31% 19% 1% 418
Do not believe in God 5% 8% 22% 65% < 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 9% 27% 27% 34% 4% 151

Attendance at religious services among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who attend religious services…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 44% 33% 22% 1% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 25% 38% 37% 1% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 7% 35% 58% < 1% 418
Do not believe in God 3% 14% 82% 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 10% 26% 61% 3% 151

Frequency of prayer among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who pray…

Belief in God At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 75% 15% 3% 6% 1% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 43% 23% 11% 23% 1% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 25% 13% 12% 50% < 1% 418
Do not believe in God 4% 2% 3% 91% < 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 18% 7% 7% 65% 3% 151

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who attend prayer group…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 35% 12% 8% 44% 1% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 17% 10% 10% 63% 1% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 5% 5% 5% 85% < 1% 418
Do not believe in God 2% 1% 2% 94% < 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 6% 3% 5% 84% 2% 151

Frequency of meditation among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who meditate…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 52% 7% 3% 35% 2% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 39% 12% 5% 43% 1% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 22% 12% 7% 58% 1% 418
Do not believe in God 21% 7% 5% 66% 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 29% 15% 2% 51% 4% 151

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 69% 13% 7% 10% 1% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 47% 18% 13% 21% 1% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 30% 15% 14% 41% 1% 418
Do not believe in God 30% 13% 7% 49% 2% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 34% 8% 9% 42% 8% 151

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 14% 10% 25% 2% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 45% 15% 14% 25% 1% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 47% 11% 12% 29% 1% 418
Do not believe in God 50% 13% 9% 28% 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 49% 18% 10% 18% 5% 151

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in God Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 7% 40% 5% 2% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 22% 12% 52% 12% 2% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 8% 17% 59% 15% 1% 418
Do not believe in God 1% 18% 55% 25% 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 5% 22% 61% 9% 3% 151

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say…

Belief in God There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 33% 65% 2% 1% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 23% 73% 2% 2% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 18% 80% 1% 1% 418
Do not believe in God 16% 83% 1% 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 16% 79% 3% 2% 151

Frequency of reading scripture among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who read scripture…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 52% 12% 7% 28% 1% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 24% 13% 10% 53% < 1% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 7% 8% 9% 76% < 1% 418
Do not believe in God 6% 3% 4% 88% < 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 15% 5% 7% 71% 2% 151

Interpreting scripture among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in God Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 26% 3% 14% 6% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 27% 27% 2% 35% 8% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 13% 12% < 1% 68% 7% 418
Do not believe in God 2% 3% < 1% 91% 4% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 4% 7% 3% 66% 20% 151

Belief in Heaven among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who …in heaven

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 88% 7% 5% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 77% 15% 7% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 48% 38% 14% 418
Do not believe in God 8% 88% 4% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 27% 40% 34% 151

Belief in Hell among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who …in hell

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 74% 19% 7% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 57% 34% 9% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 40% 48% 12% 418
Do not believe in God 7% 89% 3% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 26% 46% 28% 151

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who identify as…

Belief in God Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 30% 21% 49% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 24% 26% 50% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 22% 22% 56% 418
Do not believe in God 14% 27% 59% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 14% 34% 52% 151

Political ideology among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Belief in God Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 38% 31% 22% 9% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 25% 35% 33% 7% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 21% 38% 35% 7% 418
Do not believe in God 14% 29% 48% 8% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 16% 40% 30% 15% 151

Views about size of government among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who would rather have…

Belief in God Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 38% 55% 3% 4% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 33% 62% 3% 3% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 38% 54% 5% 3% 418
Do not believe in God 43% 51% 3% 4% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 52% 35% 5% 8% 151

Views about government aid to the poor among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in God Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 36% 57% 5% 2% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 34% 61% 3% 2% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 37% 57% 3% 2% 418
Do not believe in God 27% 69% 3% 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 28% 61% 7% 3% 151

Views about abortion among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say abortion should be…

Belief in God Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 42% 53% 5% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 53% 43% 4% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 67% 30% 3% 418
Do not believe in God 78% 19% 3% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 68% 23% 10% 151

Views about homosexuality among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say homosexuality…

Belief in God Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 52% 41% 4% 4% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 73% 21% 3% 3% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 76% 19% 2% 3% 418
Do not believe in God 89% 8% 2% 1% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 75% 13% 7% 6% 151

Views about same-sex marriage among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who …same-sex marriage

Belief in God Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 40% 51% 9% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 63% 28% 9% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 72% 21% 7% 418
Do not believe in God 84% 11% 5% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 73% 20% 7% 151

Views about environmental regulation among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say…

Belief in God Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 42% 51% 2% 4% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 36% 58% 2% 4% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 32% 63% 2% 3% 418
Do not believe in God 24% 73% 1% 2% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 26% 64% 5% 5% 151

Views about human evolution among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by belief in God

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say humans…

Belief in God Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 17% 28% 3% 46% 6% 5,937
Believe in God; fairly certain 38% 25% 5% 27% 5% 1,643
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 57% 15% 5% 21% 3% 418
Do not believe in God 82% 4% 1% 10% 2% 617
Other/don't know if they believe in God 59% 10% 14% 14% 4% 151