Belief in God among independents and those who don't lean to either party

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 5,658. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 20% 5% 1% 9% 3% 5,658
2007 68% 17% 4% 1% 5% 5% 5,770

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Belief in God among independents and those who don't lean to either party by religious group

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they…

Religious tradition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 61% 29% 6% 2% 1% 2% 1,158
Evangelical Protestant 87% 11% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1,230
Historically Black Protestant 85% 12% < 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 184
Jehovah's Witness 94% 6% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 188
Mainline Protestant 64% 25% 5% 2% 1% 2% 822
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 34% 22% 10% 1% 27% 6% 1,474

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are ages…

Belief in God 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 3,348. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 21% 39% 25% 15% 3,348
Believe in God; fairly certain 27% 40% 21% 11% 1,077
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 39% 35% 16% 9% 268
Do not believe in God 44% 35% 16% 6% 457
Other/don't know if they believe in God 31% 32% 24% 13% 168

Generational cohort among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Belief in God Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 3,348. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 12% 16% 32% 30% 10% 1% 3,348
Believe in God; fairly certain 15% 21% 32% 25% 6% 1% 1,077
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 26% 23% 26% 19% 6% 1% 268
Do not believe in God 29% 23% 27% 18% 3% < 1% 457
Other/don't know if they believe in God 19% 21% 23% 29% 7% 1% 168

Gender composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Belief in God Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 44% 56% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 50% 50% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 62% 38% 276
Do not believe in God 71% 29% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 68% 32% 193

Racial and ethnic composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who identify as…

Belief in God White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 3,412. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 56% 11% 4% 22% 6% 3,412
Believe in God; fairly certain 55% 4% 3% 33% 4% 1,091
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 60% 6% 5% 24% 5% 272
Do not believe in God 67% 3% 13% 15% 3% 458
Other/don't know if they believe in God 81% 2% 3% 9% 5% 170

Immigrant status among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Belief in God Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 3,413. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 23% 9% 69% 3,413
Believe in God; fairly certain 32% 8% 61% 1,083
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 23% 13% 64% 271
Do not believe in God 18% 14% 68% 458
Other/don't know if they believe in God 13% 9% 79% 176

Income distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who have a household income of…

Belief in God Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,664. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 21% 20% 10% 2,664
Believe in God; fairly certain 52% 18% 19% 12% 890
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 45% 17% 23% 16% 226
Do not believe in God 40% 18% 26% 15% 398
Other/don't know if they believe in God 44% 15% 23% 18% 123

Educational distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who have completed…

Belief in God High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 3,461. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 31% 11% 6% 3,461
Believe in God; fairly certain 56% 28% 10% 6% 1,100
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 51% 29% 15% 5% 272
Do not believe in God 48% 29% 15% 8% 470
Other/don't know if they believe in God 34% 37% 21% 8% 187

Marital status among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Belief in God Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 3,485. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 48% 7% 16% 7% 22% 3,485
Believe in God; fairly certain 42% 13% 13% 4% 27% 1,103
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 29% 12% 11% 4% 44% 272
Do not believe in God 32% 12% 10% 2% 44% 470
Other/don't know if they believe in God 44% 7% 14% 1% 33% 176

Parent of children under 18 among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Belief in God Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 3,497. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 34% 66% 3,497
Believe in God; fairly certain 36% 64% 1,107
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 24% 76% 274
Do not believe in God 26% 74% 470
Other/don't know if they believe in God 24% 76% 189

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say religion is…

Belief in God Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 70% 21% 4% 4% 1% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 33% 42% 18% 7% 1% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 12% 33% 34% 20% 1% 276
Do not believe in God 2% 10% 18% 68% 1% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 16% 18% 26% 32% 8% 193

Attendance at religious services among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who attend religious services…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 31% 23% 1% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 20% 40% 40% < 1% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 8% 34% 57% 1% 276
Do not believe in God 1% 13% 85% 1% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 9% 24% 58% 9% 193

Frequency of prayer among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who pray…

Belief in God At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 71% 14% 4% 9% 2% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 37% 22% 11% 29% 1% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 18% 13% 15% 54% < 1% 276
Do not believe in God 3% < 1% 4% 93% < 1% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 16% 6% 6% 61% 11% 193

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who attend prayer group…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 34% 10% 9% 45% 1% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 14% 7% 7% 72% 1% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 5% 5% 3% 86% < 1% 276
Do not believe in God 1% < 1% 2% 96% < 1% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 6% 3% 5% 79% 7% 193

Frequency of meditation among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who meditate…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 6% 3% 37% 3% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 32% 11% 5% 50% 2% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 21% 14% 5% 59% 1% 276
Do not believe in God 21% 6% 5% 66% 1% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 25% 9% 2% 54% 11% 193

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 70% 12% 6% 10% 2% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 45% 18% 11% 23% 3% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 31% 12% 17% 39% 1% 276
Do not believe in God 32% 9% 7% 49% 3% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 39% 14% 8% 29% 10% 193

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 12% 10% 26% 3% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 41% 15% 15% 26% 2% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 45% 12% 12% 28% 2% 276
Do not believe in God 45% 9% 10% 34% 1% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 46% 13% 11% 22% 7% 193

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in God Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 43% 7% 40% 5% 5% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 19% 12% 55% 11% 3% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 8% 21% 59% 9% 3% 276
Do not believe in God 1% 16% 55% 26% 2% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 8% 11% 60% 10% 11% 193

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say…

Belief in God There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 34% 61% 2% 2% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 22% 73% 2% 2% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 24% 73% 1% 2% 276
Do not believe in God 19% 78% 1% 1% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 17% 76% 5% 3% 193

Frequency of reading scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who read scripture…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 10% 8% 31% 2% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 18% 8% 9% 64% 1% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 5% 10% 6% 79% < 1% 276
Do not believe in God 2% 2% 5% 91% < 1% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 12% 8% 4% 68% 8% 193

Interpreting scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in God Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 41% 27% 6% 16% 10% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 22% 25% 2% 41% 10% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 6% 15% 1% 67% 11% 276
Do not believe in God 1% 3% < 1% 89% 7% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 6% 8% 2% 52% 32% 193

Belief in Heaven among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …in heaven

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 81% 11% 9% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 71% 19% 10% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 44% 34% 21% 276
Do not believe in God 7% 89% 5% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 23% 36% 41% 193

Belief in Hell among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …in hell

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 63% 27% 10% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 51% 38% 11% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 39% 41% 20% 276
Do not believe in God 5% 90% 5% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 23% 42% 36% 193

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Belief in God Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 29% 31% 17% 23% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 23% 36% 25% 17% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 18% 42% 21% 19% 276
Do not believe in God 11% 40% 27% 21% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 13% 38% 19% 30% 193

Views about size of government among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who would rather have…

Belief in God Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 42% 5% 8% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 44% 48% 4% 5% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 50% 40% 4% 7% 276
Do not believe in God 58% 33% 5% 4% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 49% 26% 9% 16% 193

Views about government aid to the poor among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in God Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 42% 48% 6% 4% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 42% 49% 6% 3% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 40% 47% 8% 5% 276
Do not believe in God 40% 51% 5% 3% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 43% 42% 8% 7% 193

Views about abortion among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say abortion should be…

Belief in God Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 40% 52% 8% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 53% 40% 6% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 65% 28% 7% 276
Do not believe in God 74% 18% 8% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 60% 27% 13% 193

Views about homosexuality among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say homosexuality…

Belief in God Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 37% 7% 7% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 73% 17% 6% 4% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 79% 11% 4% 6% 276
Do not believe in God 83% 10% 4% 3% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 65% 18% 8% 9% 193

Views about same-sex marriage among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …same-sex marriage

Belief in God Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 40% 45% 15% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 63% 24% 13% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 72% 15% 12% 276
Do not believe in God 82% 10% 8% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 61% 21% 17% 193

Views about environmental regulation among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say…

Belief in God Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 36% 53% 5% 7% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 36% 56% 3% 5% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 37% 55% 4% 4% 276
Do not believe in God 27% 65% 4% 5% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 32% 51% 5% 12% 193

Views about human evolution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by belief in God

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say humans…

Belief in God Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,530. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 16% 27% 5% 43% 8% 3,530
Believe in God; fairly certain 41% 23% 6% 23% 7% 1,114
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 58% 15% 7% 14% 6% 276
Do not believe in God 79% 7% 3% 10% 1% 473
Other/don't know if they believe in God 53% 8% 18% 14% 8% 193