Belief in God among whites

% of whites who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 24,900. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 61% 20% 5% 1% 11% 3% 24,900
2007 70% 18% 4% 1% 5% 3% 27,309

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Belief in God among whites by religious group

% of whites who say they…

Religious tradition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 141. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 22% 34% 2% 1% 35% 6% 141
Catholic 67% 25% 4% 1% 2% 1% 4,827
Evangelical Protestant 89% 9% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 6,633
Jewish 33% 29% 14% 1% 18% 5% 782
Mainline Protestant 65% 26% 4% 1% 2% 1% 5,322
Mormon 87% 9% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% 575
Orthodox Christian 58% 29% 8% < 1% 4% 1% 153
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 21% 23% 12% 1% 38% 7% 5,490

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among whites by belief in God

% of whites who are ages…

Belief in God 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 14,763. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 14% 30% 31% 25% 14,763
Believe in God; fairly certain 20% 34% 27% 19% 4,847
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 30% 32% 23% 16% 1,311
Believe in God; don't know 12% 16% 27% 45% 167
Do not believe in God 34% 35% 18% 13% 2,718
Other/don't know if they believe in God 26% 33% 23% 18% 664

Generational cohort among whites by belief in God

% of whites who are…

Belief in God Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 14,763. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 9% 10% 26% 38% 16% 2% 14,763
Believe in God; fairly certain 12% 14% 28% 33% 12% 1% 4,847
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 17% 19% 26% 28% 10% 1% 1,311
Believe in God; don't know 7% 9% 11% 31% 31% 10% 167
Do not believe in God 22% 20% 26% 23% 8% 1% 2,718
Other/don't know if they believe in God 14% 19% 26% 28% 12% 2% 664

Gender composition among whites by belief in God

% of whites who are…

Belief in God Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 44% 56% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 52% 48% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 58% 42% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 51% 49% 175
Do not believe in God 65% 35% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 60% 40% 695

Immigrant status among whites by belief in God

% of whites who are…

Belief in God Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 14,909. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 4% 7% 90% 14,909
Believe in God; fairly certain 4% 7% 88% 4,884
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 7% 10% 83% 1,324
Believe in God; don't know 7% 7% 86% 170
Do not believe in God 6% 11% 83% 2,725
Other/don't know if they believe in God 4% 8% 88% 683

Income distribution among whites by belief in God

% of whites who have a household income of…

Belief in God Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 12,970. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 29% 21% 30% 19% 12,970
Believe in God; fairly certain 25% 20% 30% 25% 4,383
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 27% 16% 28% 29% 1,218
Believe in God; don't know 38% 20% 27% 15% 115
Do not believe in God 22% 17% 31% 30% 2,531
Other/don't know if they believe in God 25% 16% 29% 29% 570

Educational distribution among whites by belief in God

% of whites who have completed…

Belief in God High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 14,962. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 40% 33% 17% 10% 14,962
Believe in God; fairly certain 34% 32% 20% 14% 4,910
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 31% 27% 23% 18% 1,327
Believe in God; don't know 45% 29% 12% 14% 172
Do not believe in God 27% 30% 26% 18% 2,739
Other/don't know if they believe in God 27% 33% 23% 17% 693

Marital status among whites by belief in God

% of whites who are…

Belief in God Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 14,974. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 58% 5% 13% 9% 15% 14,974
Believe in God; fairly certain 51% 9% 12% 6% 21% 4,908
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 44% 11% 10% 5% 31% 1,326
Believe in God; don't know 42% 9% 20% 18% 12% 173
Do not believe in God 41% 12% 10% 3% 35% 2,740
Other/don't know if they believe in God 45% 8% 11% 6% 30% 683

Parent of children under 18 among whites by belief in God

% of whites who are…

Belief in God Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 14,986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 27% 73% 14,986
Believe in God; fairly certain 27% 73% 4,914
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 24% 76% 1,329
Believe in God; don't know 11% 89% 175
Do not believe in God 21% 79% 2,738
Other/don't know if they believe in God 22% 78% 690

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among whites by belief in God

% of whites who say religion is…

Belief in God Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 73% 21% 3% 2% 1% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 19% 49% 24% 8% 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 6% 28% 42% 23% < 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 41% 29% 9% 12% 9% 175
Do not believe in God 2% 7% 21% 69% < 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 8% 18% 35% 37% 3% 695

Attendance at religious services among whites by belief in God

% of whites who attend religious services…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 32% 18% 1% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 15% 42% 43% < 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 5% 34% 61% < 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 27% 31% 39% 3% 175
Do not believe in God 2% 15% 83% < 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 5% 26% 67% 3% 695

Frequency of prayer among whites by belief in God

% of whites who pray…

Belief in God At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 74% 16% 4% 6% 1% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 28% 26% 13% 33% 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 13% 14% 9% 64% < 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 39% 11% 7% 30% 14% 175
Do not believe in God 2% 2% 3% 94% < 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 10% 6% 5% 74% 4% 695

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among whites by belief in God

% of whites who attend prayer group…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 33% 10% 10% 47% < 1% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 7% 5% 7% 81% < 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 2% 3% 4% 92% < 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 12% 5% 7% 65% 12% 175
Do not believe in God 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 3% 3% 2% 89% 2% 695

Frequency of meditation among whites by belief in God

% of whites who meditate…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 7% 3% 43% 2% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 26% 11% 5% 57% 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 22% 11% 7% 60% 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 41% 9% 1% 41% 8% 175
Do not believe in God 18% 8% 6% 68% < 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 22% 9% 5% 60% 3% 695

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among whites by belief in God

% of whites who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 71% 13% 7% 7% 1% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 37% 21% 16% 25% 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 29% 17% 15% 38% 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 49% 8% 11% 21% 12% 175
Do not believe in God 28% 16% 9% 46% 2% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 37% 13% 10% 33% 7% 695

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among whites by belief in God

% of whites who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 46% 16% 12% 25% 2% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 40% 18% 17% 24% 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 45% 17% 14% 23% < 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 46% 8% 8% 31% 7% 175
Do not believe in God 46% 18% 13% 22% 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 47% 18% 13% 19% 3% 695

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among whites by belief in God

% of whites who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in God Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 7% 38% 4% 3% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 10% 15% 63% 10% 2% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 2% 20% 61% 15% 2% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 11% 15% 58% 5% 12% 175
Do not believe in God 1% 19% 53% 25% 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 3% 19% 57% 15% 5% 695

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among whites by belief in God

% of whites who say…

Belief in God There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 45% 52% 1% 1% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 26% 73% 1% < 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 20% 78% 1% 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 29% 66% 2% 4% 175
Do not believe in God 16% 82% 1% 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 16% 80% 2% 2% 695

Frequency of reading scripture among whites by belief in God

% of whites who read scripture…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 48% 12% 9% 31% 1% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 9% 9% 10% 72% < 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 4% 5% 6% 85% < 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 22% 6% 7% 58% 6% 175
Do not believe in God 2% 3% 4% 91% < 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 7% 4% 5% 81% 2% 695

Interpreting scripture among whites by belief in God

% of whites who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in God Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 40% 36% 4% 14% 6% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 7% 30% 1% 54% 9% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 3% 9% < 1% 81% 7% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 25% 12% 8% 32% 22% 175
Do not believe in God < 1% 1% < 1% 95% 3% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 1% 4% 1% 75% 18% 695

Belief in Heaven among whites by belief in God

% of whites who …in heaven

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 87% 7% 6% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 68% 23% 9% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 37% 49% 15% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 59% 22% 19% 175
Do not believe in God 5% 92% 3% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 16% 48% 36% 695

Belief in Hell among whites by belief in God

% of whites who …in hell

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 73% 20% 7% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 45% 45% 10% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 23% 66% 11% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 44% 35% 21% 175
Do not believe in God 4% 94% 3% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 12% 60% 28% 695

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among whites by belief in God

% of whites who identify as…

Belief in God Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 57% 16% 28% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 39% 16% 45% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 26% 16% 58% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 31% 32% 36% 175
Do not believe in God 20% 15% 66% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 28% 24% 48% 695

Political ideology among whites by belief in God

% of whites who are…

Belief in God Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 30% 14% 6% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 27% 41% 27% 5% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 17% 40% 38% 5% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 33% 26% 25% 16% 175
Do not believe in God 12% 31% 52% 5% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 18% 37% 34% 11% 695

Views about size of government among whites by belief in God

% of whites who would rather have…

Belief in God Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 68% 26% 3% 4% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 59% 35% 3% 3% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 48% 43% 4% 5% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 48% 28% 8% 16% 175
Do not believe in God 45% 49% 3% 3% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 50% 34% 7% 9% 695

Views about government aid to the poor among whites by belief in God

% of whites who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in God Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 56% 38% 4% 2% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 46% 50% 3% 1% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 35% 61% 3% 2% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 37% 38% 11% 14% 175
Do not believe in God 30% 66% 3% 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 37% 52% 7% 3% 695

Views about abortion among whites by belief in God

% of whites who say abortion should be…

Belief in God Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 41% 56% 4% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 69% 28% 3% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 82% 16% 2% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 48% 32% 21% 175
Do not believe in God 88% 10% 2% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 77% 16% 7% 695

Views about homosexuality among whites by belief in God

% of whites who say homosexuality…

Belief in God Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 48% 44% 4% 4% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 79% 16% 3% 2% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 85% 10% 2% 2% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 52% 24% 12% 12% 175
Do not believe in God 92% 5% 2% 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 82% 9% 5% 4% 695

Views about same-sex marriage among whites by belief in God

% of whites who …same-sex marriage

Belief in God Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 39% 53% 7% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 71% 22% 7% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 82% 13% 5% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 46% 29% 25% 175
Do not believe in God 90% 7% 3% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 78% 14% 9% 695

Views about environmental regulation among whites by belief in God

% of whites who say…

Belief in God Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 46% 48% 3% 3% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 34% 62% 2% 2% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 25% 72% 1% 1% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 37% 44% 5% 15% 175
Do not believe in God 19% 78% 1% 2% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 27% 64% 3% 6% 695

Views about human evolution among whites by belief in God

% of whites who say humans…

Belief in God Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,026. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 15% 30% 3% 47% 5% 15,026
Believe in God; fairly certain 50% 25% 6% 16% 3% 4,925
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 73% 11% 6% 9% 2% 1,332
Believe in God; don't know 38% 14% 14% 22% 12% 175
Do not believe in God 90% 3% 1% 4% 1% 2,747
Other/don't know if they believe in God 73% 5% 12% 7% 4% 695