Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,881. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 26% 10% 1% 17% 4% 3,881
2007 53% 24% 6% 1% 11% 6% 3,367

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Religious tradition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 60% 28% 7% 2% 1% 2% 738
Evangelical Protestant 68% 26% 3% < 1% 1% 2% 408
Historically Black Protestant 84% 15% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 111
Jewish 27% 25% 24% < 1% 22% 2% 144
Mainline Protestant 51% 37% 8% 1% 2% 2% 647
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 19% 21% 15% 1% 37% 7% 1,396

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Belief in God 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 28% 35% 25% 13% 1,546
Believe in God; fairly certain 32% 33% 23% 12% 1,004
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 45% 32% 16% 8% 370
Do not believe in God 39% 33% 17% 11% 714
Other/don't know if they believe in God 38% 34% 15% 13% 161

Generational cohort among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in God Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 17% 17% 28% 28% 9% 1% 1,546
Believe in God; fairly certain 21% 19% 26% 27% 7% 1% 1,004
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 33% 19% 24% 19% 5% < 1% 370
Do not believe in God 27% 20% 24% 20% 7% 1% 714
Other/don't know if they believe in God 28% 21% 23% 18% 9% 1% 161

Gender composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in God Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 47% 53% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 53% 47% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 60% 40% 376
Do not believe in God 69% 31% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 57% 43% 166

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in God White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,543. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 60% 14% 4% 18% 4% 1,543
Believe in God; fairly certain 70% 5% 5% 16% 5% 1,009
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 65% 4% 10% 18% 4% 372
Do not believe in God 77% 3% 9% 8% 3% 716
Other/don't know if they believe in God 78% 3% 4% 13% 3% 162

Immigrant status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in God Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,544. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 16% 12% 71% 1,544
Believe in God; fairly certain 16% 13% 71% 1,011
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 16% 20% 64% 372
Do not believe in God 14% 15% 72% 715
Other/don't know if they believe in God 13% 11% 76% 165

Income distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Belief in God Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,410. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 37% 18% 26% 19% 1,410
Believe in God; fairly certain 28% 20% 26% 26% 906
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 26% 17% 26% 30% 344
Do not believe in God 22% 16% 30% 32% 671
Other/don't know if they believe in God 30% 10% 33% 27% 132

Educational distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Belief in God High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,556. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 33% 33% 21% 13% 1,556
Believe in God; fairly certain 31% 30% 21% 18% 1,018
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 27% 32% 22% 18% 375
Do not believe in God 19% 29% 29% 23% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 15% 42% 25% 19% 164

Marital status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in God Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,557. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 43% 9% 15% 5% 28% 1,557
Believe in God; fairly certain 42% 10% 10% 4% 34% 1,020
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 32% 10% 9% 2% 46% 374
Do not believe in God 39% 11% 10% 2% 39% 721
Other/don't know if they believe in God 31% 9% 14% 4% 41% 164

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in God Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,562. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 29% 71% 1,562
Believe in God; fairly certain 27% 73% 1,021
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 19% 81% 374
Do not believe in God 19% 81% 720
Other/don't know if they believe in God 17% 83% 165

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Belief in God Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 56% 31% 6% 6% 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 20% 47% 23% 9% < 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 9% 32% 38% 20% < 1% 376
Do not believe in God 2% 9% 24% 64% < 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 8% 19% 39% 31% 3% 166

Attendance at religious services among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 32% 43% 25% < 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 14% 45% 40% 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 5% 35% 59% < 1% 376
Do not believe in God 2% 20% 78% 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 3% 29% 66% 1% 166

Frequency of prayer among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Belief in God At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 62% 22% 5% 10% 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 31% 26% 13% 29% 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 15% 17% 12% 57% < 1% 376
Do not believe in God 2% 2% 3% 93% < 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 11% 6% 8% 73% 2% 166

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 19% 12% 12% 56% 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 9% 7% 8% 76% < 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 5% 4% 5% 86% < 1% 376
Do not believe in God 1% 2% 1% 95% < 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 4% 6% 5% 82% 3% 166

Frequency of meditation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 52% 10% 4% 33% 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 37% 13% 5% 44% 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 28% 13% 8% 49% 2% 376
Do not believe in God 25% 11% 6% 58% < 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 25% 16% 6% 51% 2% 166

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 64% 17% 8% 10% 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 47% 22% 13% 18% 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 32% 23% 13% 31% 1% 376
Do not believe in God 36% 18% 10% 33% 2% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 37% 15% 13% 28% 6% 166

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 56% 14% 11% 18% 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 55% 16% 14% 14% 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 61% 17% 9% 13% 1% 376
Do not believe in God 52% 20% 15% 13% < 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 54% 22% 14% 9% 1% 166

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Belief in God There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 28% 69% 2% 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 23% 75% 2% < 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 18% 80% 1% 1% 376
Do not believe in God 17% 81% 1% < 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 16% 81% 2% 1% 166

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 35% 16% 10% 39% < 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 13% 11% 12% 63% < 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 7% 7% 10% 75% 1% 376
Do not believe in God 3% 5% 6% 85% < 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 9% 7% 5% 76% 2% 166

Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in God Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 23% 35% 2% 32% 9% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 7% 25% < 1% 60% 7% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 4% 8% < 1% 82% 7% 376
Do not believe in God < 1% 1% < 1% 97% 2% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God < 1% 2% 1% 74% 23% 166

Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 78% 15% 8% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 60% 29% 11% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 34% 52% 14% 376
Do not believe in God 3% 95% 2% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 17% 47% 36% 166

Belief in Hell among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 56% 35% 8% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 40% 53% 8% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 22% 69% 9% 376
Do not believe in God 3% 95% 2% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 13% 59% 28% 166

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in God Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 34% 17% 49% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 31% 16% 53% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 19% 18% 63% 376
Do not believe in God 12% 14% 74% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 20% 15% 65% 166

Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in God Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 30% 37% 29% 4% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 17% 41% 38% 4% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 14% 39% 45% 2% 376
Do not believe in God 7% 29% 61% 3% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 13% 33% 48% 5% 166

Views about size of government among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Belief in God Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 50% 44% 4% 3% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 46% 50% 2% 3% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 46% 48% 3% 3% 376
Do not believe in God 37% 56% 3% 4% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 41% 38% 9% 12% 166

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in God Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 39% 55% 5% 1% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 31% 65% 3% 1% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 30% 66% 2% 2% 376
Do not believe in God 22% 74% 3% 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 26% 65% 7% 2% 166

Views about abortion among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Belief in God Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 57% 39% 4% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 72% 25% 3% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 82% 17% 1% 376
Do not believe in God 89% 9% 2% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 79% 17% 4% 166

Views about homosexuality among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Belief in God Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 74% 20% 4% 2% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 86% 9% 3% 2% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 89% 9% 1% < 1% 376
Do not believe in God 96% 2% 2% < 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 88% 8% 2% 2% 166

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Belief in God Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 65% 28% 7% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 81% 14% 5% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 88% 9% 3% 376
Do not believe in God 95% 4% 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 86% 11% 3% 166

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Belief in God Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 33% 63% 2% 2% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 21% 74% 2% 2% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 22% 74% 3% 1% 376
Do not believe in God 15% 82% 1% 2% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 22% 67% 7% 4% 166

Views about human evolution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in God

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Belief in God Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,563. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 29% 36% 5% 26% 4% 1,563
Believe in God; fairly certain 56% 27% 6% 10% 2% 1,023
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 75% 10% 6% 8% 1% 376
Do not believe in God 91% 3% 1% 4% < 1% 722
Other/don't know if they believe in God 72% 5% 14% 4% 4% 166