Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 47% 13% 1,819
2007 31% 54% 15% 1,189

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by religious group

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 53% 35% 13% 310
Jewish 20% 72% 9% 118
Mainline Protestant 40% 47% 13% 277
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 35% 53% 12% 850

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 616. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 34% 17% 9% 616
Don't believe 31% 34% 21% 15% 959
Other/don't know 33% 30% 24% 14% 219

Generational cohort among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 616. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 21% 26% 20% 5% 1% 616
Don't believe 19% 20% 26% 25% 9% 1% 959
Other/don't know 21% 18% 24% 29% 9% < 1% 219

Gender composition among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 40% 624
Don't believe 60% 40% 968
Other/don't know 59% 41% 227

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 620. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 7% 8% 20% 4% 620
Don't believe 69% 3% 10% 16% 3% 954
Other/don't know 75% 4% 3% 13% 4% 223

Immigrant status among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 608. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 14% 65% 608
Don't believe 20% 16% 64% 961
Other/don't know 15% 11% 74% 227

Income distribution among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 551. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 20% 22% 19% 551
Don't believe 25% 16% 28% 31% 890
Other/don't know 38% 9% 26% 26% 196

Educational distribution among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 621. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 30% 14% 9% 621
Don't believe 30% 25% 25% 20% 962
Other/don't know 38% 32% 17% 13% 226

Marital status among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 622. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 11% 7% 4% 44% 622
Don't believe 43% 11% 11% 5% 30% 965
Other/don't know 47% 5% 8% 2% 38% 223

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 622. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 74% 622
Don't believe 24% 76% 963
Other/don't know 25% 75% 226

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 34% 36% 16% < 1% 624
Don't believe 6% 26% 40% 27% < 1% 968
Other/don't know 7% 34% 41% 16% 2% 227

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 10% 39% 51% < 1% 624
Don't believe 4% 33% 62% < 1% 968
Other/don't know 7% 36% 55% 2% 227

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 14% 14% 49% < 1% 624
Don't believe 12% 11% 9% 67% < 1% 968
Other/don't know 13% 13% 13% 60% 1% 227

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 7% 7% 5% 81% < 1% 624
Don't believe 3% 2% 4% 91% < 1% 968
Other/don't know 2% 6% 3% 89% < 1% 227

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 11% 7% 63% 1% 624
Don't believe 24% 14% 6% 55% 1% 968
Other/don't know 26% 8% 5% 61% 1% 227

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 16% 17% 38% 1% 624
Don't believe 33% 19% 12% 36% 1% 968
Other/don't know 29% 15% 17% 38% 2% 227

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 15% 15% 29% 1% 624
Don't believe 49% 16% 16% 19% < 1% 968
Other/don't know 42% 19% 12% 26% 2% 227

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 8% 18% 57% 16% 1% 624
Don't believe 3% 23% 55% 17% 2% 968
Other/don't know 5% 22% 59% 11% 4% 227

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 78% 1% 1% 624
Don't believe 18% 80% 1% 1% 968
Other/don't know 25% 71% 2% 2% 227

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 10% 8% 74% < 1% 624
Don't believe 4% 3% 5% 87% 1% 968
Other/don't know 5% 7% 7% 81% < 1% 227

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 17% 1% 62% 7% 624
Don't believe 1% 5% < 1% 90% 5% 968
Other/don't know 2% 9% < 1% 73% 15% 227

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 33% 5% 624
Don't believe 5% 94% 2% 968
Other/don't know 10% 29% 61% 227

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 20% 53% 624
Don't believe 22% 13% 66% 968
Other/don't know 23% 29% 48% 227

Political ideology among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 38% 32% 5% 624
Don't believe 13% 39% 43% 5% 968
Other/don't know 16% 40% 32% 12% 227

Views about size of government among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 50% 2% 4% 624
Don't believe 46% 46% 5% 2% 968
Other/don't know 45% 44% 4% 7% 227

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 53% 2% 2% 624
Don't believe 33% 62% 3% 1% 968
Other/don't know 28% 63% 5% 3% 227

Views about abortion among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 29% 3% 624
Don't believe 84% 14% 2% 968
Other/don't know 79% 16% 5% 227

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 77% 18% 2% 4% 624
Don't believe 88% 10% 1% 1% 968
Other/don't know 81% 9% 5% 5% 227

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 71% 22% 7% 624
Don't believe 84% 13% 3% 968
Other/don't know 75% 17% 8% 227

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 61% 2% 2% 624
Don't believe 20% 76% 2% 1% 968
Other/don't know 35% 59% 2% 3% 227

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 624. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 15% 4% 21% 3% 624
Don't believe 77% 9% 3% 9% 1% 968
Other/don't know 59% 9% 16% 10% 7% 227