Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 19,167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 95% 2% 3% 19,167
2007 94% 2% 3% 20,461

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 97% 2% 1% 4,475
Evangelical Protestant 94% 2% 4% 6,978
Historically Black Protestant 98% 1% 1% 1,557
Jewish 93% 5% 2% 144
Mainline Protestant 95% 2% 2% 3,327
Mormon 100% < 1% < 1% 381
Muslim 98% 1% 1% 173
Orthodox Christian 99% < 1% 1% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 92% 5% 3% 1,699

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 17,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 35% 27% 17% 17,845
Don't believe 26% 32% 28% 14% 450
Other/don't know 12% 38% 31% 19% 519

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 17,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 14% 28% 32% 11% 1% 17,845
Don't believe 17% 16% 26% 31% 9% 2% 450
Other/don't know 8% 11% 32% 36% 13% 1% 519

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 53% 18,174
Don't believe 52% 48% 456
Other/don't know 49% 51% 537

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 17,963. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 15% 3% 15% 4% 17,963
Don't believe 61% 11% 4% 20% 4% 449
Other/don't know 71% 8% 3% 12% 6% 529

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 17,922. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 9% 77% 17,922
Don't believe 18% 10% 72% 447
Other/don't know 12% 6% 82% 524

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 15,810. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 21% 26% 15% 15,810
Don't believe 43% 16% 25% 16% 398
Other/don't know 35% 20% 28% 17% 442

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 18,078. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 33% 14% 7% 18,078
Don't believe 46% 31% 15% 8% 452
Other/don't know 44% 32% 16% 8% 532

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 18,104. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 6% 13% 7% 24% 18,104
Don't believe 48% 6% 13% 5% 29% 455
Other/don't know 59% 4% 14% 7% 15% 534

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 18,105. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 69% 18,105
Don't believe 24% 76% 455
Other/don't know 32% 68% 534

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 79% 17% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 18,174
Don't believe 63% 16% 8% 1% 8% 3% 456
Other/don't know 80% 11% 5% 1% 1% 3% 537

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 69% 24% 5% 2% < 1% 18,174
Don't believe 56% 22% 12% 9% 1% 456
Other/don't know 72% 15% 9% 2% 2% 537

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 35% 19% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 46% 24% 30% < 1% 456
Other/don't know 56% 20% 23% 1% 537

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 17% 5% 9% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 59% 11% 7% 23% 1% 456
Other/don't know 73% 11% 3% 12% 1% 537

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 12% 10% 46% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 36% 8% 10% 46% < 1% 456
Other/don't know 42% 13% 8% 36% 2% 537

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 8% 4% 44% 2% 18,174
Don't believe 42% 7% 4% 43% 3% 456
Other/don't know 51% 5% 3% 36% 5% 537

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 15% 9% 11% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 59% 13% 7% 19% 2% 456
Other/don't know 71% 11% 6% 9% 3% 537

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 16% 13% 26% 2% 18,174
Don't believe 47% 12% 12% 28% 1% 456
Other/don't know 56% 11% 8% 21% 3% 537

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 7% 40% 6% 2% 18,174
Don't believe 42% 9% 36% 10% 2% 456
Other/don't know 53% 6% 32% 5% 4% 537

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 59% 1% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 46% 51% 2% 1% 456
Other/don't know 50% 46% 2% 2% 537

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 12% 9% 32% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 45% 10% 6% 38% 1% 456
Other/don't know 60% 7% 5% 28% 1% 537

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 33% 3% 15% 5% 18,174
Don't believe 41% 22% 3% 29% 4% 456
Other/don't know 41% 22% 8% 15% 14% 537

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 17% 39% 18,174
Don't believe 43% 20% 37% 456
Other/don't know 55% 17% 28% 537

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 32% 17% 6% 18,174
Don't believe 42% 34% 19% 5% 456
Other/don't know 57% 22% 12% 9% 537

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 41% 2% 3% 18,174
Don't believe 50% 44% 3% 3% 456
Other/don't know 64% 26% 4% 5% 537

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 45% 4% 2% 18,174
Don't believe 51% 45% 3% 1% 456
Other/don't know 53% 35% 9% 3% 537

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 54% 4% 18,174
Don't believe 41% 57% 2% 456
Other/don't know 29% 66% 6% 537

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 41% 4% 3% 18,174
Don't believe 47% 45% 4% 4% 456
Other/don't know 34% 53% 8% 5% 537

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 51% 8% 18,174
Don't believe 41% 52% 7% 456
Other/don't know 29% 62% 9% 537

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 51% 2% 3% 18,174
Don't believe 42% 52% 3% 3% 456
Other/don't know 53% 38% 4% 5% 537

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 30% 3% 44% 4% 18,174
Don't believe 25% 21% 4% 48% 2% 456
Other/don't know 17% 17% 6% 51% 10% 537