Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 57% 5% 12,839
2007 42% 51% 7% 10,938

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 192. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 28% 69% 3% 192
Catholic 63% 31% 6% 2,080
Evangelical Protestant 66% 28% 6% 957
Hindu 30% 67% 3% 118
Historically Black Protestant 75% 21% 3% 225
Jehovah's Witness 47% 42% 11% 215
Jewish 26% 67% 7% 637
Mainline Protestant 57% 35% 8% 2,056
Mormon 90% 7% 3% 227
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 17% 80% 4% 5,272

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 4,577. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 32% 27% 20% 4,577
Don't believe 28% 35% 22% 15% 7,300
Other/don't know 16% 28% 29% 27% 724

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 4,577. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 13% 27% 33% 13% 1% 4,577
Don't believe 18% 19% 27% 27% 9% 1% 7,300
Other/don't know 9% 12% 23% 36% 18% 2% 724

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 60% 4,678
Don't believe 59% 41% 7,410
Other/don't know 48% 52% 751

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 4,620. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 10% 4% 16% 3% 4,620
Don't believe 73% 5% 6% 13% 4% 7,296
Other/don't know 74% 6% 2% 13% 5% 736

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 4,618. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 12% 73% 4,618
Don't believe 16% 13% 71% 7,343
Other/don't know 14% 10% 76% 748

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 4,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 20% 27% 19% 4,102
Don't believe 24% 19% 29% 28% 6,690
Other/don't know 33% 20% 25% 22% 631

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 4,652. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 31% 17% 12% 4,652
Don't believe 28% 29% 24% 18% 7,377
Other/don't know 34% 29% 23% 14% 749

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 4,658. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 8% 12% 8% 24% 4,658
Don't believe 44% 11% 12% 3% 30% 7,380
Other/don't know 49% 7% 13% 9% 22% 746

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 4,667. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 73% 4,667
Don't believe 25% 75% 7,389
Other/don't know 25% 75% 748

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 29% 5% 1% 2% 1% 4,678
Don't believe 19% 20% 12% 1% 43% 5% 7,410
Other/don't know 42% 30% 11% 2% 6% 9% 751

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 34% 11% 5% 1% 4,678
Don't believe 13% 19% 25% 42% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 31% 35% 21% 11% 2% 751

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 41% 27% < 1% 4,678
Don't believe 8% 26% 65% < 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 23% 33% 43% < 1% 751

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 20% 8% 16% < 1% 4,678
Don't believe 17% 9% 6% 67% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 43% 14% 10% 30% 3% 751

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 20% 8% 9% 63% < 1% 4,678
Don't believe 6% 3% 4% 87% < 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 16% 5% 7% 70% 2% 751

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 10% 4% 45% 1% 4,678
Don't believe 30% 10% 6% 53% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 43% 9% 4% 42% 2% 751

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 16% 11% 14% 1% 4,678
Don't believe 41% 16% 11% 31% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 53% 14% 12% 18% 3% 751

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 15% 14% 25% 1% 4,678
Don't believe 50% 16% 13% 20% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 54% 15% 10% 19% 2% 751

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 12% 52% 9% 2% 4,678
Don't believe 7% 20% 52% 20% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 16% 19% 52% 10% 3% 751

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 71% 1% 1% 4,678
Don't believe 20% 78% 1% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 24% 73% 2% 1% 751

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 11% 9% 50% 1% 4,678
Don't believe 9% 5% 7% 79% < 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 20% 10% 7% 61% 2% 751

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 34% 2% 36% 8% 4,678
Don't believe 4% 7% < 1% 84% 5% 7,410
Other/don't know 8% 19% 2% 56% 15% 751

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 20% 47% 4,678
Don't believe 22% 18% 60% 7,410
Other/don't know 25% 25% 50% 751

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 38% 27% 6% 4,678
Don't believe 16% 33% 45% 6% 7,410
Other/don't know 23% 34% 31% 11% 751

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 45% 2% 3% 4,678
Don't believe 47% 46% 4% 3% 7,410
Other/don't know 44% 40% 6% 10% 751

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 55% 3% 2% 4,678
Don't believe 32% 63% 3% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 37% 52% 8% 3% 751

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 35% 4% 4,678
Don't believe 80% 17% 3% 7,410
Other/don't know 68% 26% 6% 751

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 73% 20% 4% 3% 4,678
Don't believe 86% 10% 2% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 76% 16% 5% 4% 751

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 28% 8% 4,678
Don't believe 82% 13% 4% 7,410
Other/don't know 68% 22% 10% 751

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 60% 2% 3% 4,678
Don't believe 23% 74% 2% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 28% 62% 4% 6% 751

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 30% 4% 29% 4% 4,678
Don't believe 74% 10% 3% 12% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 41% 21% 11% 21% 6% 751