Belief in Heaven among adults who seldom or never read scripture

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 16,085. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 35% 8% 16,085
2007 63% 26% 11% 15,857

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among adults who seldom or never read scripture by religious group

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 147. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 45% 47% 7% 147
Catholic 80% 14% 6% 3,807
Evangelical Protestant 87% 8% 5% 1,462
Hindu 37% 54% 9% 120
Historically Black Protestant 91% 6% 3% 308
Jewish 30% 59% 11% 580
Mainline Protestant 74% 16% 10% 2,641
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 31% 59% 9% 6,116

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 8,486. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 34% 27% 16% 8,486
Don't believe 29% 35% 21% 15% 6,000
Other/don't know 23% 32% 25% 20% 1,334

Generational cohort among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 8,486. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 15% 27% 32% 10% 1% 8,486
Don't believe 18% 19% 27% 26% 9% 1% 6,000
Other/don't know 15% 14% 26% 31% 12% 1% 1,334

Gender composition among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 51% 8,623
Don't believe 60% 40% 6,079
Other/don't know 55% 45% 1,383

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 8,535. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 71% 8% 4% 14% 3% 8,535
Don't believe 75% 4% 6% 11% 3% 5,999
Other/don't know 75% 5% 4% 11% 6% 1,351

Immigrant status among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 8,512. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 11% 76% 8,512
Don't believe 15% 14% 71% 6,019
Other/don't know 12% 12% 76% 1,361

Income distribution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 7,488. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 20% 27% 19% 7,488
Don't believe 23% 19% 29% 29% 5,512
Other/don't know 32% 19% 24% 24% 1,127

Educational distribution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 8,573. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 31% 15% 8% 8,573
Don't believe 28% 29% 25% 18% 6,057
Other/don't know 37% 32% 18% 12% 1,374

Marital status among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 8,600. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 9% 12% 6% 27% 8,600
Don't believe 44% 11% 12% 3% 31% 6,056
Other/don't know 45% 9% 12% 6% 29% 1,367

Parent of children under 18 among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 8,594. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 71% 8,594
Don't believe 24% 76% 6,064
Other/don't know 24% 76% 1,377

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 32% 6% 1% 2% 1% 8,623
Don't believe 13% 19% 14% 1% 48% 5% 6,079
Other/don't know 29% 32% 15% 1% 7% 16% 1,383

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 43% 14% 5% < 1% 8,623
Don't believe 6% 18% 27% 48% 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 16% 35% 30% 17% 2% 1,383

Attendance at religious services among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 43% 39% < 1% 8,623
Don't believe 3% 23% 73% < 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 7% 33% 60% 1% 1,383

Frequency of prayer among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 24% 11% 25% < 1% 8,623
Don't believe 10% 8% 6% 77% < 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 23% 16% 9% 49% 3% 1,383

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 6% 4% 5% 85% < 1% 8,623
Don't believe 1% 1% 2% 95% < 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 2% 3% 4% 91% 1% 1,383

Frequency of meditation among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 7% 4% 63% 1% 8,623
Don't believe 24% 10% 6% 60% 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 26% 8% 5% 58% 2% 1,383

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 18% 14% 23% 1% 8,623
Don't believe 35% 16% 11% 36% 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 39% 16% 12% 29% 3% 1,383

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 15% 16% 35% 1% 8,623
Don't believe 46% 17% 15% 22% 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 44% 17% 12% 24% 2% 1,383

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 10% 60% 9% 2% 8,623
Don't believe 3% 19% 55% 21% 2% 6,079
Other/don't know 6% 15% 63% 11% 5% 1,383

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 71% 1% 1% 8,623
Don't believe 18% 80% 1% 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 21% 74% 2% 2% 1,383

Interpreting scripture among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 34% 2% 35% 8% 8,623
Don't believe 1% 5% < 1% 89% 5% 6,079
Other/don't know 4% 12% 2% 61% 22% 1,383

Belief in Hell among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 69% 25% 6% 8,623
Don't believe 3% 96% 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 11% 30% 59% 1,383

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 19% 44% 8,623
Don't believe 22% 17% 61% 6,079
Other/don't know 29% 25% 45% 1,383

Political ideology among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 38% 24% 7% 8,623
Don't believe 14% 34% 47% 5% 6,079
Other/don't know 25% 37% 27% 11% 1,383

Views about size of government among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 43% 2% 3% 8,623
Don't believe 46% 47% 4% 3% 6,079
Other/don't know 48% 36% 6% 10% 1,383

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 47% 3% 2% 8,623
Don't believe 33% 63% 3% 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 38% 50% 6% 6% 1,383

Views about abortion among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 36% 4% 8,623
Don't believe 84% 13% 3% 6,079
Other/don't know 69% 23% 8% 1,383

Views about homosexuality among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 73% 20% 4% 3% 8,623
Don't believe 88% 8% 2% 2% 6,079
Other/don't know 77% 13% 5% 5% 1,383

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 29% 8% 8,623
Don't believe 85% 11% 4% 6,079
Other/don't know 69% 19% 12% 1,383

Views about environmental regulation among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 57% 2% 3% 8,623
Don't believe 22% 74% 2% 2% 6,079
Other/don't know 31% 59% 4% 7% 1,383

Views about human evolution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 31% 4% 27% 4% 8,623
Don't believe 79% 8% 3% 8% 1% 6,079
Other/don't know 52% 15% 12% 13% 8% 1,383