Belief in Heaven among republicans and Republican leaners

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 13,731. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 80% 13% 7% 13,731
2007 80% 12% 8% 13,366

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among republicans and Republican leaners by religious group

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 88% 8% 3% 2,926
Evangelical Protestant 87% 5% 8% 5,056
Historically Black Protestant 93% 4% 2% 175
Jewish 66% 27% 7% 200
Mainline Protestant 84% 9% 7% 2,750
Mormon 97% 1% 2% 481
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 45% 45% 10% 1,734

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 10,712. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 33% 28% 21% 10,712
Don't believe 24% 35% 26% 16% 1,820
Other/don't know 14% 34% 29% 23% 971

Generational cohort among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 10,712. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 12% 28% 34% 14% 1% 10,712
Don't believe 15% 17% 27% 30% 10% 1% 1,820
Other/don't know 9% 10% 29% 35% 16% 2% 971

Gender composition among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 50% 10,890
Don't believe 68% 32% 1,837
Other/don't know 57% 43% 1,004

Racial and ethnic composition among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 10,775. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 83% 3% 2% 9% 3% 10,775
Don't believe 80% 2% 5% 10% 3% 1,806
Other/don't know 85% 1% 2% 7% 4% 976

Immigrant status among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 10,812. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 8% 8% 83% 10,812
Don't believe 11% 11% 78% 1,821
Other/don't know 7% 8% 85% 991

Income distribution among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 9,547. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 21% 32% 22% 9,547
Don't believe 18% 22% 30% 30% 1,659
Other/don't know 21% 21% 31% 27% 821

Educational distribution among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 10,852. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 34% 18% 9% 10,852
Don't believe 36% 31% 19% 13% 1,830
Other/don't know 34% 32% 21% 12% 998

Marital status among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 10,864. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 5% 10% 7% 19% 10,864
Don't believe 52% 8% 12% 4% 25% 1,828
Other/don't know 63% 5% 12% 6% 15% 995

Parent of children under 18 among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 10,856. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 70% 10,856
Don't believe 27% 73% 1,831
Other/don't know 29% 71% 998

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 81% 16% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 10,890
Don't believe 32% 23% 11% 1% 30% 4% 1,837
Other/don't know 61% 19% 6% 1% 3% 9% 1,004

Importance of religion in one's life among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 69% 24% 5% 2% < 1% 10,890
Don't believe 23% 19% 26% 31% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 53% 23% 15% 8% 2% 1,004

Attendance at religious services among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 33% 17% < 1% 10,890
Don't believe 16% 27% 57% < 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 42% 25% 32% < 1% 1,004

Frequency of prayer among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 69% 17% 5% 8% < 1% 10,890
Don't believe 26% 10% 6% 57% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 57% 12% 5% 24% 2% 1,004

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 11% 10% 46% < 1% 10,890
Don't believe 12% 5% 4% 78% < 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 34% 8% 6% 51% 2% 1,004

Frequency of meditation among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 8% 3% 46% 2% 10,890
Don't believe 29% 10% 4% 56% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 42% 5% 3% 45% 4% 1,004

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 15% 9% 10% 1% 10,890
Don't believe 42% 14% 9% 34% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 61% 12% 8% 17% 3% 1,004

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 17% 13% 25% 1% 10,890
Don't believe 45% 15% 14% 25% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 52% 13% 11% 21% 3% 1,004

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 7% 39% 4% 2% 10,890
Don't believe 17% 13% 56% 13% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 41% 10% 39% 6% 4% 1,004

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 49% 1% 1% 10,890
Don't believe 35% 63% 1% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 52% 45% 2% 1% 1,004

Frequency of reading scripture among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 12% 9% 32% < 1% 10,890
Don't believe 18% 6% 5% 70% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 45% 5% 5% 43% 1% 1,004

Interpreting scripture among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 37% 3% 14% 5% 10,890
Don't believe 13% 12% 1% 69% 5% 1,837
Other/don't know 29% 21% 6% 28% 16% 1,004

Belief in Hell among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 81% 14% 5% 10,890
Don't believe 12% 85% 3% 1,837
Other/don't know 32% 18% 49% 1,004

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 27% 7% 2% 10,890
Don't believe 47% 39% 11% 2% 1,837
Other/don't know 65% 27% 5% 4% 1,004

Views about size of government among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 20% 1% 2% 10,890
Don't believe 82% 16% 1% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 84% 10% 3% 3% 1,004

Views about government aid to the poor among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 27% 3% 2% 10,890
Don't believe 71% 25% 3% 1% 1,837
Other/don't know 69% 21% 6% 3% 1,004

Views about abortion among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 62% 3% 10,890
Don't believe 61% 36% 4% 1,837
Other/don't know 37% 56% 7% 1,004

Views about homosexuality among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 48% 4% 3% 10,890
Don't believe 69% 25% 3% 3% 1,837
Other/don't know 44% 44% 6% 6% 1,004

Views about same-sex marriage among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 59% 6% 10,890
Don't believe 59% 34% 7% 1,837
Other/don't know 34% 55% 11% 1,004

Views about environmental regulation among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 39% 2% 2% 10,890
Don't believe 50% 45% 3% 2% 1,837
Other/don't know 63% 28% 4% 5% 1,004

Views about human evolution among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in heaven

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 30% 3% 47% 4% 10,890
Don't believe 58% 12% 4% 24% 2% 1,837
Other/don't know 26% 17% 7% 41% 9% 1,004