Belief in Heaven among conservatives

% of conservatives who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 83% 10% 7% 12,935
2007 82% 10% 8% 13,598

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among conservatives by religious group

% of conservatives who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 89% 7% 5% 2,780
Evangelical Protestant 87% 6% 8% 4,975
Historically Black Protestant 95% 4% 2% 653
Jewish 67% 21% 13% 167
Mainline Protestant 85% 8% 7% 2,269
Mormon 98% < 1% 2% 419
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 51% 38% 11% 1,277

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 10,424. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 32% 30% 22% 10,424
Don't believe 22% 30% 29% 20% 1,345
Other/don't know 9% 37% 31% 23% 910

Generational cohort among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 10,424. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 10% 11% 28% 36% 15% 1% 10,424
Don't believe 14% 13% 25% 34% 13% 2% 1,345
Other/don't know 6% 9% 32% 37% 15% 2% 910

Gender composition among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 51% 10,631
Don't believe 64% 36% 1,367
Other/don't know 55% 45% 937

Racial and ethnic composition among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 10,497. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 71% 11% 2% 13% 3% 10,497
Don't believe 73% 6% 4% 14% 3% 1,334
Other/don't know 77% 5% 2% 12% 4% 912

Immigrant status among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 10,544. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 8% 80% 10,544
Don't believe 16% 10% 74% 1,349
Other/don't know 12% 8% 80% 924

Income distribution among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 9,203. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 21% 29% 17% 9,203
Don't believe 27% 20% 30% 23% 1,195
Other/don't know 30% 20% 29% 20% 764

Educational distribution among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 10,594. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 32% 15% 7% 10,594
Don't believe 42% 31% 17% 10% 1,359
Other/don't know 41% 31% 19% 9% 933

Marital status among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 10,594. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 5% 12% 8% 18% 10,594
Don't believe 51% 8% 13% 5% 23% 1,358
Other/don't know 63% 4% 14% 5% 14% 927

Parent of children under 18 among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 10,593. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 70% 10,593
Don't believe 26% 74% 1,362
Other/don't know 31% 69% 932

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 84% 14% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 10,631
Don't believe 40% 19% 9% 1% 27% 3% 1,367
Other/don't know 69% 16% 4% 2% 2% 7% 937

Importance of religion in one's life among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 75% 20% 4% 1% < 1% 10,631
Don't believe 33% 19% 20% 27% 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 62% 20% 10% 6% 2% 937

Attendance at religious services among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 32% 15% < 1% 10,631
Don't believe 24% 25% 50% < 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 48% 21% 30% 1% 937

Frequency of prayer among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 74% 15% 4% 7% 1% 10,631
Don't believe 37% 11% 5% 46% 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 66% 9% 4% 19% 2% 937

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 12% 10% 41% 1% 10,631
Don't believe 20% 5% 6% 69% < 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 37% 8% 7% 46% 2% 937

Frequency of meditation among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 7% 3% 42% 2% 10,631
Don't believe 34% 8% 5% 51% 2% 1,367
Other/don't know 44% 6% 2% 43% 5% 937

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 70% 14% 7% 8% 1% 10,631
Don't believe 47% 13% 10% 29% 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 65% 9% 7% 15% 3% 937

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 16% 11% 26% 1% 10,631
Don't believe 46% 14% 14% 25% 2% 1,367
Other/don't know 50% 13% 11% 22% 4% 937

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 5% 35% 4% 2% 10,631
Don't believe 25% 10% 51% 13% 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 46% 8% 36% 4% 5% 937

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 48% 2% 1% 10,631
Don't believe 40% 58% 1% 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 54% 43% 2% 1% 937

Frequency of reading scripture among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 12% 8% 27% 1% 10,631
Don't believe 27% 6% 7% 60% 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 49% 6% 5% 38% 1% 937

Interpreting scripture among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 32% 3% 11% 5% 10,631
Don't believe 19% 15% 2% 60% 5% 1,367
Other/don't know 36% 19% 6% 21% 17% 937

Belief in Hell among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 83% 12% 5% 10,631
Don't believe 16% 81% 3% 1,367
Other/don't know 34% 17% 49% 937

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 12% 24% 10,631
Don't believe 62% 17% 21% 1,367
Other/don't know 65% 18% 17% 937

Views about size of government among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 28% 2% 2% 10,631
Don't believe 74% 23% 2% 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 76% 17% 3% 4% 937

Views about government aid to the poor among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 32% 3% 2% 10,631
Don't believe 64% 32% 3% 1% 1,367
Other/don't know 67% 23% 7% 3% 937

Views about abortion among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 65% 4% 10,631
Don't believe 55% 41% 4% 1,367
Other/don't know 31% 61% 8% 937

Views about homosexuality among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 52% 4% 3% 10,631
Don't believe 57% 34% 5% 4% 1,367
Other/don't know 37% 50% 7% 6% 937

Views about same-sex marriage among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 64% 7% 10,631
Don't believe 50% 42% 8% 1,367
Other/don't know 25% 62% 13% 937

Views about environmental regulation among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 39% 2% 3% 10,631
Don't believe 49% 46% 3% 2% 1,367
Other/don't know 61% 30% 4% 5% 937

Views about human evolution among conservatives by belief in heaven

% of conservatives who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 27% 3% 51% 5% 10,631
Don't believe 47% 14% 3% 33% 2% 1,367
Other/don't know 20% 15% 7% 49% 9% 937