Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,881. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 37% 10% 3,881
2007 54% 35% 11% 3,367

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 80% 12% 8% 738
Evangelical Protestant 87% 7% 6% 408
Historically Black Protestant 91% 6% 3% 111
Jewish 29% 61% 9% 144
Mainline Protestant 69% 22% 10% 647
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 26% 63% 11% 1,396

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,860. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 33% 22% 12% 1,860
Don't believe 33% 35% 21% 12% 1,589
Other/don't know 31% 32% 22% 15% 373

Generational cohort among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,860. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 18% 27% 25% 8% 1% 1,860
Don't believe 22% 19% 27% 25% 7% 1% 1,589
Other/don't know 20% 20% 23% 26% 10% 1% 373

Gender composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 51% 1,888
Don't believe 62% 38% 1,605
Other/don't know 53% 47% 388

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,875. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 11% 6% 18% 4% 1,875
Don't believe 74% 4% 6% 11% 4% 1,581
Other/don't know 67% 4% 3% 19% 6% 377

Immigrant status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,865. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 13% 70% 1,865
Don't believe 13% 15% 72% 1,592
Other/don't know 15% 13% 71% 380

Income distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,685. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 19% 24% 21% 1,685
Don't believe 22% 17% 30% 30% 1,476
Other/don't know 36% 15% 27% 22% 324

Educational distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 32% 19% 13% 1,880
Don't believe 19% 30% 27% 23% 1,603
Other/don't know 23% 38% 24% 15% 383

Marital status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,883. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 11% 11% 5% 33% 1,883
Don't believe 41% 10% 14% 3% 33% 1,600
Other/don't know 41% 5% 11% 6% 37% 383

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,885. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 71% 1,885
Don't believe 21% 79% 1,602
Other/don't know 22% 78% 386

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 29% 7% 1% 1% 1% 1,888
Don't believe 16% 20% 15% 1% 43% 5% 1,605
Other/don't know 35% 30% 15% 1% 4% 15% 388

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 37% 12% 5% < 1% 1,888
Don't believe 10% 21% 27% 41% 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 26% 36% 24% 11% 3% 388

Attendance at religious services among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 45% 27% 1% 1,888
Don't believe 6% 28% 66% < 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 14% 39% 47% 1% 388

Frequency of prayer among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 24% 9% 15% < 1% 1,888
Don't believe 16% 11% 6% 67% < 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 32% 20% 9% 35% 3% 388

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 11% 11% 61% < 1% 1,888
Don't believe 5% 4% 5% 86% < 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 10% 5% 9% 75% 2% 388

Frequency of meditation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 10% 4% 43% 1% 1,888
Don't believe 36% 14% 6% 43% 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 45% 8% 6% 39% 1% 388

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 19% 10% 15% 1% 1,888
Don't believe 45% 19% 11% 24% 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 52% 16% 11% 18% 3% 388

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 16% 12% 19% 1% 1,888
Don't believe 60% 16% 12% 11% < 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 60% 17% 10% 11% 2% 388

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 71% 1% 1% 1,888
Don't believe 19% 79% 1% 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 22% 72% 5% 1% 388

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 15% 11% 46% < 1% 1,888
Don't believe 8% 7% 8% 76% 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 18% 10% 13% 57% 2% 388

Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 36% 1% 34% 8% 1,888
Don't believe 2% 5% < 1% 90% 4% 1,605
Other/don't know 7% 12% 2% 60% 19% 388

Belief in Hell among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 29% 5% 1,888
Don't believe 3% 96% 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 8% 35% 57% 388

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 15% 49% 1,888
Don't believe 16% 16% 68% 1,605
Other/don't know 26% 26% 48% 388

Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 39% 29% 4% 1,888
Don't believe 9% 32% 56% 3% 1,605
Other/don't know 21% 42% 34% 4% 388

Views about size of government among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 46% 3% 2% 1,888
Don't believe 42% 51% 4% 3% 1,605
Other/don't know 43% 42% 6% 10% 388

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 56% 4% 1% 1,888
Don't believe 25% 72% 3% < 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 32% 58% 7% 3% 388

Views about abortion among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 38% 3% 1,888
Don't believe 86% 12% 2% 1,605
Other/don't know 70% 25% 5% 388

Views about homosexuality among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 20% 3% 1% 1,888
Don't believe 92% 4% 3% 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 82% 9% 6% 3% 388

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 26% 5% 1,888
Don't believe 90% 7% 3% 1,605
Other/don't know 76% 15% 9% 388

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 65% 2% 2% 1,888
Don't believe 17% 79% 2% 2% 1,605
Other/don't know 24% 68% 4% 4% 388

Views about human evolution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 34% 4% 24% 3% 1,888
Don't believe 80% 10% 3% 6% 1% 1,605
Other/don't know 50% 21% 15% 10% 4% 388