Belief in Heaven among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 13,702. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 85% 9% 6% 13,702

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by religious group

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 88% 8% 4% 2,547
Evangelical Protestant 88% 5% 7% 5,738
Historically Black Protestant 95% 2% 3% 994
Jehovah's Witness 51% 35% 13% 188
Jewish 80% 14% 6% 119
Mainline Protestant 86% 7% 7% 2,103
Mormon 98% 1% 1% 468
Muslim 96% 3% 1% 117
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 62% 28% 10% 1,117

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 11,300. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 32% 30% 24% 11,300
Don't believe 16% 31% 30% 23% 1,200
Other/don't know 8% 34% 33% 26% 895

Generational cohort among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 11,300. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 11% 27% 36% 16% 2% 11,300
Don't believe 10% 11% 26% 36% 15% 3% 1,200
Other/don't know 5% 7% 30% 39% 17% 2% 895

Gender composition among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 50% 11,546
Don't believe 66% 34% 1,227
Other/don't know 56% 44% 929

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 11,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 15% 3% 13% 3% 11,397
Don't believe 62% 10% 5% 19% 4% 1,203
Other/don't know 71% 9% 3% 12% 4% 908

Immigrant status among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 11,383. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 7% 79% 11,383
Don't believe 23% 9% 68% 1,213
Other/don't know 15% 6% 80% 916

Income distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 9,951. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 21% 26% 14% 9,951
Don't believe 35% 21% 26% 18% 1,068
Other/don't know 32% 21% 29% 18% 743

Educational distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 11,469. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 31% 13% 7% 11,469
Don't believe 48% 29% 13% 10% 1,216
Other/don't know 45% 29% 17% 9% 926

Marital status among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 11,500. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 4% 14% 9% 18% 11,500
Don't believe 54% 6% 14% 7% 20% 1,220
Other/don't know 65% 3% 14% 7% 12% 921

Parent of children under 18 among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 11,500. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 70% 11,500
Don't believe 26% 74% 1,221
Other/don't know 30% 70% 923

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 86% 11% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 11,546
Don't believe 51% 18% 9% 1% 18% 3% 1,227
Other/don't know 74% 14% 5% 2% 1% 4% 929

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 80% 16% 3% 1% < 1% 11,546
Don't believe 44% 21% 17% 18% < 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 68% 18% 7% 4% 2% 929

Attendance at religious services among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 28% 13% < 1% 11,546
Don't believe 35% 25% 40% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 57% 21% 21% 2% 929

Frequency of prayer among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 77% 13% 4% 6% 1% 11,546
Don't believe 46% 11% 6% 36% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 69% 12% 4% 13% 3% 929

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 12% 9% 35% 1% 11,546
Don't believe 28% 6% 7% 59% < 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 44% 9% 6% 39% 2% 929

Frequency of meditation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 7% 4% 37% 2% 11,546
Don't believe 40% 7% 5% 46% 3% 1,227
Other/don't know 49% 5% 3% 38% 4% 929

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 72% 12% 7% 9% 1% 11,546
Don't believe 51% 11% 8% 28% 2% 1,227
Other/don't know 68% 9% 6% 14% 3% 929

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 16% 12% 26% 2% 11,546
Don't believe 46% 13% 13% 27% 2% 1,227
Other/don't know 53% 13% 10% 20% 4% 929

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 4% 32% 4% 2% 11,546
Don't believe 35% 8% 44% 12% 2% 1,227
Other/don't know 55% 6% 30% 4% 4% 929

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 50% 1% 1% 11,546
Don't believe 42% 56% 1% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 54% 42% 2% 2% 929

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 11% 7% 22% 1% 11,546
Don't believe 35% 6% 6% 51% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 57% 8% 5% 28% 2% 929

Interpreting scripture among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 29% 4% 8% 4% 11,546
Don't believe 28% 18% 2% 47% 6% 1,227
Other/don't know 39% 21% 8% 17% 15% 929

Belief in Hell among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 85% 11% 5% 11,546
Don't believe 22% 75% 3% 1,227
Other/don't know 37% 16% 47% 929

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 15% 31% 11,546
Don't believe 49% 24% 26% 1,227
Other/don't know 56% 21% 23% 929

Political ideology among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 26% 11% 6% 11,546
Don't believe 47% 28% 16% 9% 1,227
Other/don't know 62% 19% 7% 12% 929

Views about size of government among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 34% 2% 3% 11,546
Don't believe 66% 30% 2% 2% 1,227
Other/don't know 69% 21% 4% 6% 929

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 38% 3% 2% 11,546
Don't believe 58% 37% 4% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 59% 31% 7% 4% 929

Views about abortion among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 68% 4% 11,546
Don't believe 42% 54% 4% 1,227
Other/don't know 24% 69% 7% 929

Views about homosexuality among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 70% 4% 3% 11,546
Don't believe 27% 65% 4% 3% 1,227
Other/don't know 21% 67% 6% 6% 929

Views about environmental regulation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 43% 2% 3% 11,546
Don't believe 47% 48% 2% 3% 1,227
Other/don't know 57% 31% 5% 7% 929

Views about human evolution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 25% 2% 55% 5% 11,546
Don't believe 34% 16% 3% 44% 4% 1,227
Other/don't know 14% 14% 6% 55% 11% 929