Belief in Hell among adults who attend services seldom or never

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,485. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 55% 9% 10,485
2007 39% 49% 12% 8,946

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who attend services seldom or never by religious group

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 107. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 18% 80% 2% 107
Catholic 54% 37% 9% 1,326
Evangelical Protestant 74% 18% 8% 995
Historically Black Protestant 77% 15% 8% 181
Jewish 21% 73% 6% 270
Mainline Protestant 53% 36% 11% 1,340
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 21% 71% 8% 5,580

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 3,299. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 36% 27% 13% 3,299
Don't believe 27% 35% 22% 16% 6,153
Other/don't know 21% 34% 26% 18% 870

Generational cohort among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 3,299. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 17% 29% 30% 8% 1% 3,299
Don't believe 17% 18% 27% 27% 10% 1% 6,153
Other/don't know 12% 16% 28% 32% 11% 1% 870

Gender composition among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 48% 3,349
Don't believe 58% 42% 6,243
Other/don't know 54% 46% 893

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 3,315. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 10% 3% 15% 4% 3,315
Don't believe 76% 5% 5% 11% 4% 6,157
Other/don't know 73% 7% 3% 12% 5% 863

Immigrant status among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 3,290. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 9% 79% 3,290
Don't believe 12% 13% 75% 6,189
Other/don't know 13% 10% 77% 865

Income distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,909. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 21% 21% 12% 2,909
Don't believe 28% 20% 28% 24% 5,634
Other/don't know 38% 23% 22% 17% 728

Educational distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 3,332. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 32% 10% 5% 3,332
Don't believe 32% 31% 22% 15% 6,212
Other/don't know 44% 35% 13% 8% 887

Marital status among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 3,331. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 10% 16% 7% 28% 3,331
Don't believe 41% 11% 13% 5% 30% 6,220
Other/don't know 39% 10% 14% 6% 31% 883

Parent of children under 18 among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 3,339. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 72% 3,339
Don't believe 23% 77% 6,232
Other/don't know 20% 80% 889

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 28% 7% 1% 3% 1% 3,349
Don't believe 20% 21% 11% 1% 42% 5% 6,243
Other/don't know 38% 26% 12% 2% 7% 15% 893

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 37% 18% 8% 1% 3,349
Don't believe 9% 18% 25% 48% 1% 6,243
Other/don't know 21% 29% 25% 23% 4% 893

Frequency of prayer among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 19% 9% 29% 1% 3,349
Don't believe 16% 9% 5% 70% 1% 6,243
Other/don't know 28% 15% 6% 48% 3% 893

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 6% 3% 3% 88% < 1% 3,349
Don't believe 2% 1% 1% 96% < 1% 6,243
Other/don't know 4% 1% 2% 92% 1% 893

Frequency of meditation among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 6% 3% 61% 1% 3,349
Don't believe 28% 9% 5% 57% 1% 6,243
Other/don't know 28% 7% 4% 58% 2% 893

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 15% 12% 26% 1% 3,349
Don't believe 38% 15% 11% 34% 2% 6,243
Other/don't know 42% 13% 10% 32% 4% 893

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 14% 13% 33% 1% 3,349
Don't believe 48% 15% 13% 23% 1% 6,243
Other/don't know 44% 18% 11% 23% 3% 893

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 9% 59% 9% 2% 3,349
Don't believe 4% 19% 57% 19% 2% 6,243
Other/don't know 10% 13% 61% 10% 6% 893

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 69% 1% 1% 3,349
Don't believe 19% 79% 1% 1% 6,243
Other/don't know 22% 72% 3% 3% 893

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 7% 7% 68% 1% 3,349
Don't believe 5% 4% 4% 86% < 1% 6,243
Other/don't know 10% 4% 8% 77% 1% 893

Interpreting scripture among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 29% 3% 34% 8% 3,349
Don't believe 4% 8% < 1% 83% 5% 6,243
Other/don't know 11% 12% 3% 53% 20% 893

Belief in Heaven among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 93% 4% 3% 3,349
Don't believe 21% 75% 5% 6,243
Other/don't know 31% 3% 65% 893

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 22% 42% 3,349
Don't believe 23% 19% 58% 6,243
Other/don't know 29% 29% 42% 893

Political ideology among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 34% 25% 9% 3,349
Don't believe 17% 34% 44% 5% 6,243
Other/don't know 26% 34% 26% 14% 893

Views about size of government among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 43% 2% 5% 3,349
Don't believe 49% 44% 3% 4% 6,243
Other/don't know 48% 35% 7% 10% 893

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 47% 4% 2% 3,349
Don't believe 34% 61% 4% 1% 6,243
Other/don't know 40% 48% 7% 5% 893

Views about abortion among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 38% 5% 3,349
Don't believe 81% 16% 3% 6,243
Other/don't know 63% 26% 11% 893

Views about homosexuality among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 26% 4% 3% 3,349
Don't believe 87% 9% 2% 2% 6,243
Other/don't know 72% 15% 6% 8% 893

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 33% 9% 3,349
Don't believe 83% 12% 4% 6,243
Other/don't know 63% 23% 14% 893

Views about environmental regulation among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 53% 2% 3% 3,349
Don't believe 25% 71% 2% 2% 6,243
Other/don't know 32% 56% 5% 7% 893

Views about human evolution among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in hell

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 30% 5% 30% 5% 3,349
Don't believe 72% 11% 4% 11% 2% 6,243
Other/don't know 46% 17% 11% 15% 10% 893