Belief in Hell among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,206. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 69% 23% 8% 12,206

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 71% 22% 6% 2,385
Evangelical Protestant 85% 8% 7% 4,563
Historically Black Protestant 88% 8% 4% 585
Jehovah's Witness 5% 93% 3% 140
Jewish 32% 58% 10% 188
Mainline Protestant 68% 22% 10% 2,013
Mormon 63% 29% 8% 382
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 34% 57% 9% 1,520

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 8,051. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 35% 31% 19% 8,051
Don't believe 17% 35% 28% 19% 2,920
Other/don't know 11% 33% 32% 24% 954

Generational cohort among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 8,051. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 12% 29% 36% 13% 1% 8,051
Don't believe 10% 14% 28% 34% 12% 1% 2,920
Other/don't know 6% 8% 29% 37% 17% 2% 954

Gender composition among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 50% 8,226
Don't believe 54% 46% 2,978
Other/don't know 53% 47% 1,002

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 8,101. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 72% 11% 2% 12% 3% 8,101
Don't believe 73% 7% 3% 13% 4% 2,926
Other/don't know 75% 8% 3% 10% 4% 967

Immigrant status among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 8,137. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 11% 7% 82% 8,137
Don't believe 15% 11% 74% 2,953
Other/don't know 12% 8% 81% 987

Income distribution among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 7,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 21% 30% 18% 7,195
Don't believe 27% 19% 30% 24% 2,643
Other/don't know 29% 18% 30% 23% 794

Educational distribution among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 8,179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 35% 17% 9% 8,179
Don't believe 35% 31% 20% 14% 2,964
Other/don't know 34% 32% 20% 13% 989

Marital status among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 8,193. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 4% 12% 6% 18% 8,193
Don't believe 53% 7% 12% 5% 22% 2,965
Other/don't know 62% 5% 12% 6% 15% 989

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 8,194. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 68% 8,194
Don't believe 28% 72% 2,969
Other/don't know 26% 74% 988

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 86% 12% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 8,226
Don't believe 49% 22% 8% 1% 18% 2% 2,978
Other/don't know 69% 17% 5% 2% 2% 4% 1,002

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 77% 18% 3% 1% < 1% 8,226
Don't believe 41% 24% 15% 20% 1% 2,978
Other/don't know 64% 20% 10% 4% 2% 1,002

Attendance at religious services among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 29% 14% < 1% 8,226
Don't believe 28% 30% 42% < 1% 2,978
Other/don't know 46% 29% 23% 2% 1,002

Frequency of prayer among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 14% 4% 6% 1% 8,226
Don't believe 44% 13% 6% 36% 1% 2,978
Other/don't know 64% 14% 5% 13% 3% 1,002

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 12% 10% 37% < 1% 8,226
Don't believe 19% 6% 6% 67% 1% 2,978
Other/don't know 33% 8% 7% 51% 2% 1,002

Frequency of meditation among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 7% 3% 40% 2% 8,226
Don't believe 40% 8% 4% 47% 1% 2,978
Other/don't know 47% 5% 4% 39% 5% 1,002

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 73% 12% 7% 7% 1% 8,226
Don't believe 55% 14% 9% 21% 1% 2,978
Other/don't know 65% 12% 7% 14% 3% 1,002

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 16% 12% 24% 2% 8,226
Don't believe 48% 16% 13% 22% 1% 2,978
Other/don't know 50% 15% 11% 21% 4% 1,002

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 5% 30% 4% 2% 8,226
Don't believe 25% 15% 46% 12% 2% 2,978
Other/don't know 46% 7% 37% 5% 5% 1,002

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 11% 8% 24% 1% 8,226
Don't believe 28% 8% 7% 56% 1% 2,978
Other/don't know 49% 9% 6% 34% 2% 1,002

Interpreting scripture among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 31% 3% 10% 5% 8,226
Don't believe 17% 24% 2% 51% 6% 2,978
Other/don't know 32% 27% 6% 21% 14% 1,002

Belief in Heaven among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 94% 3% 3% 8,226
Don't believe 45% 49% 6% 2,978
Other/don't know 48% 4% 48% 1,002

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 14% 27% 8,226
Don't believe 39% 22% 39% 2,978
Other/don't know 51% 20% 29% 1,002

Political ideology among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 25% 10% 5% 8,226
Don't believe 33% 33% 25% 9% 2,978
Other/don't know 48% 28% 13% 11% 1,002

Views about size of government among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 28% 2% 3% 8,226
Don't believe 59% 35% 3% 3% 2,978
Other/don't know 66% 23% 6% 5% 1,002

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 34% 3% 2% 8,226
Don't believe 49% 47% 3% 1% 2,978
Other/don't know 55% 34% 7% 4% 1,002

Views about abortion among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 65% 3% 8,226
Don't believe 61% 35% 5% 2,978
Other/don't know 38% 53% 9% 1,002

Views about homosexuality among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 54% 4% 3% 8,226
Don't believe 69% 25% 3% 3% 2,978
Other/don't know 45% 40% 8% 7% 1,002

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 65% 7% 8,226
Don't believe 60% 32% 8% 2,978
Other/don't know 36% 52% 13% 1,002

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 43% 2% 2% 8,226
Don't believe 38% 57% 2% 3% 2,978
Other/don't know 46% 43% 5% 6% 1,002

Views about human evolution among adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say that there are clear standards for what is right and wrong who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 27% 2% 55% 4% 8,226
Don't believe 46% 20% 3% 28% 3% 2,978
Other/don't know 19% 20% 8% 44% 9% 1,002