Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 21,904. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 72% 20% 7% 21,904
2007 70% 20% 10% 25,667

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by religious group

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 70% 23% 7% 4,775
Evangelical Protestant 84% 9% 7% 7,594
Historically Black Protestant 85% 10% 6% 1,694
Jehovah's Witness 7% 89% 3% 221
Jewish 45% 46% 9% 277
Mainline Protestant 69% 21% 10% 3,989
Mormon 64% 29% 7% 576
Muslim 82% 13% 5% 192
Orthodox Christian 71% 17% 12% 113
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 53% 39% 8% 1,805

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 15,155. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 34% 28% 19% 15,155
Don't believe 18% 32% 30% 21% 4,533
Other/don't know 11% 31% 32% 26% 1,736

Generational cohort among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 15,155. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 13% 29% 34% 12% 1% 15,155
Don't believe 11% 13% 27% 35% 13% 1% 4,533
Other/don't know 6% 9% 27% 38% 17% 3% 1,736

Gender composition among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 55% 15,458
Don't believe 40% 60% 4,636
Other/don't know 41% 59% 1,810

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 15,265. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 16% 2% 13% 4% 15,265
Don't believe 63% 12% 3% 17% 4% 4,549
Other/don't know 66% 12% 3% 13% 5% 1,745

Immigrant status among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 15,248. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 8% 80% 15,248
Don't believe 16% 12% 72% 4,582
Other/don't know 13% 8% 78% 1,784

Income distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 13,415. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 22% 26% 15% 13,415
Don't believe 34% 21% 27% 18% 4,033
Other/don't know 39% 17% 27% 17% 1,422

Educational distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 15,376. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 34% 14% 8% 15,376
Don't believe 39% 31% 17% 13% 4,602
Other/don't know 41% 30% 18% 11% 1,794

Marital status among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 15,398. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 5% 14% 8% 22% 15,398
Don't believe 50% 7% 14% 8% 21% 4,614
Other/don't know 51% 6% 15% 10% 18% 1,792

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 15,401. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 69% 15,401
Don't believe 28% 72% 4,627
Other/don't know 26% 74% 1,791

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 78% 18% 2% 1% < 1% 15,458
Don't believe 58% 27% 7% 6% 1% 4,636
Other/don't know 73% 18% 3% 3% 2% 1,810

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 32% 14% < 1% 15,458
Don't believe 36% 37% 27% < 1% 4,636
Other/don't know 46% 31% 21% 2% 1,810

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 77% 15% 3% 4% 1% 15,458
Don't believe 65% 17% 5% 12% 1% 4,636
Other/don't know 75% 14% 3% 5% 3% 1,810

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 12% 10% 39% 1% 15,458
Don't believe 25% 9% 9% 57% 1% 4,636
Other/don't know 32% 9% 9% 48% 1% 1,810

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 7% 3% 40% 2% 15,458
Don't believe 50% 8% 4% 36% 2% 4,636
Other/don't know 50% 7% 4% 34% 4% 1,810

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 72% 13% 7% 7% 1% 15,458
Don't believe 67% 14% 9% 10% 1% 4,636
Other/don't know 72% 11% 6% 9% 2% 1,810

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 16% 11% 26% 2% 15,458
Don't believe 51% 14% 11% 23% 1% 4,636
Other/don't know 51% 14% 10% 22% 3% 1,810

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 6% 36% 4% 2% 15,458
Don't believe 29% 12% 48% 8% 3% 4,636
Other/don't know 43% 8% 39% 4% 7% 1,810

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 55% 1% 1% 15,458
Don't believe 30% 67% 1% 1% 4,636
Other/don't know 37% 58% 3% 3% 1,810

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 12% 9% 25% 1% 15,458
Don't believe 36% 12% 8% 43% 1% 4,636
Other/don't know 48% 12% 7% 31% 2% 1,810

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 33% 4% 9% 5% 15,458
Don't believe 23% 32% 2% 33% 9% 4,636
Other/don't know 34% 28% 7% 15% 15% 1,810

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 2% 3% 15,458
Don't believe 65% 29% 6% 4,636
Other/don't know 60% 3% 37% 1,810

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 16% 38% 15,458
Don't believe 31% 24% 44% 4,636
Other/don't know 40% 23% 37% 1,810

Political ideology among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 30% 15% 6% 15,458
Don't believe 30% 34% 27% 9% 4,636
Other/don't know 42% 31% 16% 11% 1,810

Views about size of government among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 39% 3% 3% 15,458
Don't believe 50% 42% 3% 4% 4,636
Other/don't know 53% 33% 6% 7% 1,810

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 43% 4% 2% 15,458
Don't believe 41% 53% 3% 2% 4,636
Other/don't know 44% 43% 8% 6% 1,810

Views about abortion among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 58% 4% 15,458
Don't believe 58% 37% 4% 4,636
Other/don't know 40% 49% 11% 1,810

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 46% 4% 4% 15,458
Don't believe 68% 25% 4% 4% 4,636
Other/don't know 49% 34% 8% 9% 1,810

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 57% 7% 15,458
Don't believe 60% 32% 8% 4,636
Other/don't know 41% 44% 16% 1,810

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 50% 2% 3% 15,458
Don't believe 35% 59% 3% 4% 4,636
Other/don't know 40% 46% 5% 8% 1,810

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,458. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 30% 2% 49% 5% 15,458
Don't believe 27% 30% 5% 34% 5% 4,636
Other/don't know 14% 27% 8% 39% 12% 1,810