Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 61% 11% 1,819
2007 23% 66% 12% 1,189

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by religious group

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 39% 50% 11% 310
Jewish 7% 87% 6% 118
Mainline Protestant 27% 62% 11% 277
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 25% 65% 10% 850

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 410. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 33% 15% 9% 410
Don't believe 31% 33% 21% 14% 1,211
Other/don't know 34% 34% 20% 12% 173

Generational cohort among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 410. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 24% 24% 18% 6% 1% 410
Don't believe 20% 18% 27% 25% 9% 1% 1,211
Other/don't know 22% 20% 26% 25% 6% 1% 173

Gender composition among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 36% 414
Don't believe 58% 42% 1,227
Other/don't know 57% 43% 178

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 413. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 7% 11% 25% 3% 413
Don't believe 72% 3% 8% 14% 3% 1,208
Other/don't know 67% 9% 5% 13% 7% 176

Immigrant status among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 405. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 14% 62% 405
Don't believe 19% 15% 66% 1,217
Other/don't know 16% 14% 70% 174

Income distribution among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 372. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 17% 24% 14% 372
Don't believe 25% 17% 26% 32% 1,116
Other/don't know 39% 11% 26% 24% 149

Educational distribution among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 409. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 28% 12% 6% 409
Don't believe 31% 26% 24% 20% 1,224
Other/don't know 38% 39% 15% 8% 176

Marital status among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 412. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 9% 9% 3% 45% 412
Don't believe 43% 12% 9% 4% 32% 1,222
Other/don't know 39% 7% 8% 4% 42% 176

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 412. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 73% 412
Don't believe 24% 76% 1,221
Other/don't know 25% 75% 178

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 36% 36% 13% < 1% 414
Don't believe 7% 27% 40% 26% < 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 8% 35% 38% 17% 2% 178

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 10% 37% 53% < 1% 414
Don't believe 5% 36% 59% < 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 8% 36% 55% 2% 178

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 15% 11% 49% < 1% 414
Don't believe 13% 12% 11% 64% < 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 14% 12% 13% 60% 1% 178

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 8% 8% 6% 78% < 1% 414
Don't believe 3% 2% 4% 91% < 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 3% 5% 4% 87% 1% 178

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 10% 5% 65% 1% 414
Don't believe 24% 13% 7% 55% < 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 20% 9% 7% 64% 1% 178

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 15% 16% 42% < 1% 414
Don't believe 33% 19% 13% 34% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 28% 13% 19% 38% 2% 178

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 13% 13% 32% 1% 414
Don't believe 48% 16% 17% 19% < 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 35% 20% 13% 30% 3% 178

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 16% 60% 15% < 1% 414
Don't believe 4% 24% 54% 17% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 5% 17% 59% 11% 8% 178

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 76% 1% 1% 414
Don't believe 18% 80% 1% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 23% 71% 3% 3% 178

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 11% 7% 73% < 1% 414
Don't believe 4% 4% 6% 85% < 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 6% 4% 7% 83% < 1% 178

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 17% < 1% 61% 6% 414
Don't believe 2% 7% < 1% 86% 5% 1,227
Other/don't know 2% 8% 1% 69% 19% 178

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 87% 8% 5% 414
Don't believe 21% 73% 6% 1,227
Other/don't know 19% 8% 74% 178

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 24% 48% 414
Don't believe 23% 12% 65% 1,227
Other/don't know 19% 32% 49% 178

Political ideology among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 36% 30% 6% 414
Don't believe 14% 40% 42% 4% 1,227
Other/don't know 18% 39% 28% 15% 178

Views about size of government among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 48% 2% 4% 414
Don't believe 46% 48% 4% 2% 1,227
Other/don't know 42% 42% 8% 8% 178

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 50% 2% 2% 414
Don't believe 33% 63% 3% 2% 1,227
Other/don't know 28% 60% 10% 2% 178

Views about abortion among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 33% 3% 414
Don't believe 83% 15% 2% 1,227
Other/don't know 77% 18% 5% 178

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 75% 19% 2% 4% 414
Don't believe 87% 10% 2% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 78% 11% 5% 6% 178

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 24% 9% 414
Don't believe 83% 14% 3% 1,227
Other/don't know 72% 18% 10% 178

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 54% 2% 2% 414
Don't believe 21% 76% 2% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 32% 60% 5% 3% 178

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are not too or not at all certain who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 17% 5% 24% 2% 414
Don't believe 76% 9% 4% 10% 1% 1,227
Other/don't know 56% 13% 12% 10% 9% 178