Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 7% 92% 1% 7,973
2007 9% 89% 2% 6,275

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 6% 94% < 1% 151
Catholic 10% 88% 2% 709
Evangelical Protestant 37% 57% 6% 503
Jewish 2% 97% 1% 461
Mainline Protestant 12% 86% 2% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 3% 97% 1% 4,429

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 450. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 32% 28% 14% 450
Don't believe 28% 35% 22% 15% 7,300
Other/don't know 12% 31% 36% 21% 104

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 450. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 16% 26% 31% 9% 2% 450
Don't believe 18% 19% 27% 27% 9% 1% 7,300
Other/don't know 7% 15% 21% 40% 13% 4% 104

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 48% 456
Don't believe 59% 41% 7,410
Other/don't know 60% 40% 107

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 449. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 11% 4% 20% 4% 449
Don't believe 73% 5% 6% 13% 4% 7,296
Other/don't know 64% 6% 7% 11% 11% 103

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 447. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 10% 72% 447
Don't believe 16% 13% 71% 7,343
Other/don't know 12% 10% 77% 102

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 398. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 16% 25% 16% 398
Don't believe 24% 19% 29% 28% 6,690

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 452. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 31% 15% 8% 452
Don't believe 28% 29% 24% 18% 7,377
Other/don't know 34% 40% 9% 16% 106

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 6% 13% 5% 29% 455
Don't believe 44% 11% 12% 3% 30% 7,380
Other/don't know 51% 10% 19% 7% 13% 105

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 76% 455
Don't believe 25% 75% 7,389
Other/don't know 28% 72% 106

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 16% 8% 1% 8% 3% 456
Don't believe 19% 20% 12% 1% 43% 5% 7,410
Other/don't know 51% 11% 16% 5% 13% 5% 107

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 22% 12% 9% 1% 456
Don't believe 13% 19% 25% 42% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 50% 18% 15% 16% 1% 107

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 24% 30% < 1% 456
Don't believe 8% 26% 65% < 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 36% 31% 33% 1% 107

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 11% 7% 23% 1% 456
Don't believe 17% 9% 6% 67% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 50% 9% 4% 32% 5% 107

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 8% 10% 46% < 1% 456
Don't believe 6% 3% 4% 87% < 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 24% 10% 3% 59% 3% 107

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 7% 4% 43% 3% 456
Don't believe 30% 10% 6% 53% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 41% 7% 2% 43% 7% 107

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 13% 7% 19% 2% 456
Don't believe 41% 16% 11% 31% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 60% 9% 11% 19% 1% 107

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 12% 12% 28% 1% 456
Don't believe 50% 16% 13% 20% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 56% 16% 9% 16% 3% 107

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 9% 36% 10% 2% 456
Don't believe 7% 20% 52% 20% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 24% 10% 48% 7% 11% 107

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 51% 2% 1% 456
Don't believe 20% 78% 1% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 39% 47% 5% 8% 107

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 10% 6% 38% 1% 456
Don't believe 9% 5% 7% 79% < 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 38% 8% 9% 44% 2% 107

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 22% 3% 29% 4% 456
Don't believe 4% 7% < 1% 84% 5% 7,410
Other/don't know 23% 20% 5% 33% 19% 107

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 20% 37% 456
Don't believe 22% 18% 60% 7,410
Other/don't know 51% 15% 34% 107

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 34% 19% 5% 456
Don't believe 16% 33% 45% 6% 7,410
Other/don't know 38% 35% 21% 6% 107

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 44% 3% 3% 456
Don't believe 47% 46% 4% 3% 7,410
Other/don't know 61% 23% 10% 6% 107

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 45% 3% 1% 456
Don't believe 32% 63% 3% 1% 7,410
Other/don't know 43% 43% 8% 5% 107

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 57% 2% 456
Don't believe 80% 17% 3% 7,410
Other/don't know 45% 46% 9% 107

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 45% 4% 4% 456
Don't believe 86% 10% 2% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 60% 29% 8% 3% 107

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 52% 7% 456
Don't believe 82% 13% 4% 7,410
Other/don't know 50% 37% 13% 107

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 52% 3% 3% 456
Don't believe 23% 74% 2% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 32% 53% 7% 8% 107

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 21% 4% 48% 2% 456
Don't believe 74% 10% 3% 12% 2% 7,410
Other/don't know 32% 15% 8% 38% 7% 107