Belief in Hell among adults with an education level of high school or less

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,584. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 65% 27% 8% 10,584

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults with an education level of high school or less by religious group

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 64% 27% 9% 2,431
Evangelical Protestant 84% 10% 6% 2,977
Historically Black Protestant 80% 12% 7% 823
Jehovah's Witness 6% 90% 4% 130
Mainline Protestant 68% 23% 9% 1,536
Mormon 66% 26% 9% 127
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 40% 52% 9% 2,129

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 6,761. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 30% 28% 21% 6,761
Don't believe 27% 28% 24% 21% 2,840
Other/don't know 15% 29% 29% 27% 860

Generational cohort among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 6,761. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 11% 26% 33% 14% 1% 6,761
Don't believe 21% 12% 23% 29% 14% 2% 2,840
Other/don't know 9% 10% 25% 35% 18% 3% 860

Gender composition among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 50% 6,825
Don't believe 54% 46% 2,879
Other/don't know 45% 55% 880

Racial and ethnic composition among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 6,771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 16% 2% 21% 3% 6,771
Don't believe 62% 9% 3% 23% 3% 2,845
Other/don't know 59% 13% 1% 22% 5% 857

Immigrant status among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 6,696. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 8% 74% 6,696
Don't believe 20% 12% 68% 2,840
Other/don't know 20% 9% 71% 856

Income distribution among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 5,796. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 21% 18% 7% 5,796
Don't believe 46% 23% 20% 11% 2,491
Other/don't know 57% 19% 16% 8% 672

Marital status among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 6,801. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 7% 15% 9% 26% 6,801
Don't believe 40% 9% 13% 8% 31% 2,869
Other/don't know 40% 9% 15% 12% 24% 869

Parent of children under 18 among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 6,807. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 72% 6,807
Don't believe 23% 77% 2,872
Other/don't know 23% 77% 876

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 19% 3% 1% 1% 1% 6,825
Don't believe 44% 23% 9% 1% 21% 3% 2,879
Other/don't know 60% 23% 7% 3% 3% 5% 880

Importance of religion in one's life among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 24% 5% 3% < 1% 6,825
Don't believe 35% 26% 16% 22% 1% 2,879
Other/don't know 55% 25% 10% 8% 3% 880

Attendance at religious services among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 34% 22% 1% 6,825
Don't believe 21% 30% 48% < 1% 2,879
Other/don't know 32% 30% 36% 2% 880

Frequency of prayer among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 17% 6% 11% 1% 6,825
Don't believe 38% 14% 7% 41% 1% 2,879
Other/don't know 54% 16% 5% 22% 4% 880

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 12% 9% 46% 1% 6,825
Don't believe 15% 6% 6% 73% < 1% 2,879
Other/don't know 20% 7% 7% 64% 2% 880

Frequency of meditation among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 8% 3% 44% 2% 6,825
Don't believe 34% 8% 4% 53% 1% 2,879
Other/don't know 41% 6% 4% 44% 5% 880

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 14% 9% 14% 1% 6,825
Don't believe 47% 14% 9% 28% 1% 2,879
Other/don't know 57% 10% 9% 19% 4% 880

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 14% 11% 30% 2% 6,825
Don't believe 44% 13% 12% 30% 1% 2,879
Other/don't know 47% 11% 10% 26% 6% 880

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 6% 43% 6% 2% 6,825
Don't believe 19% 11% 56% 11% 2% 2,879
Other/don't know 28% 7% 54% 6% 5% 880

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 63% 1% 2% 6,825
Don't believe 24% 73% 1% 1% 2,879
Other/don't know 26% 68% 3% 3% 880

Frequency of reading scripture among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 12% 8% 34% 1% 6,825
Don't believe 21% 8% 7% 63% 1% 2,879
Other/don't know 31% 10% 7% 49% 2% 880

Interpreting scripture among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 26% 3% 13% 5% 6,825
Don't believe 19% 22% 1% 51% 7% 2,879
Other/don't know 33% 18% 5% 26% 18% 880

Belief in Heaven among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 2% 3% 6,825
Don't believe 46% 48% 6% 2,879
Other/don't know 54% 3% 44% 880

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 20% 42% 6,825
Don't believe 29% 28% 43% 2,879
Other/don't know 31% 29% 40% 880

Political ideology among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 29% 19% 8% 6,825
Don't believe 28% 33% 29% 10% 2,879
Other/don't know 37% 27% 20% 15% 880

Views about size of government among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 49% 2% 4% 6,825
Don't believe 47% 46% 3% 4% 2,879
Other/don't know 42% 44% 6% 9% 880

Views about government aid to the poor among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 48% 4% 2% 6,825
Don't believe 43% 51% 3% 2% 2,879
Other/don't know 37% 49% 7% 7% 880

Views about abortion among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 56% 4% 6,825
Don't believe 61% 35% 4% 2,879
Other/don't know 44% 45% 12% 880

Views about homosexuality among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 44% 4% 4% 6,825
Don't believe 70% 23% 3% 3% 2,879
Other/don't know 55% 29% 7% 10% 880

Views about same-sex marriage among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 54% 9% 6,825
Don't believe 62% 29% 9% 2,879
Other/don't know 42% 41% 17% 880

Views about environmental regulation among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 48% 2% 4% 6,825
Don't believe 37% 56% 2% 5% 2,879
Other/don't know 39% 46% 4% 11% 880

Views about human evolution among adults with an education level of high school or less by belief in hell

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 26% 3% 46% 6% 6,825
Don't believe 44% 19% 4% 29% 5% 2,879
Other/don't know 27% 18% 8% 32% 14% 880