Belief in Hell among adults who seldom or never pray

% of adults who seldom or never pray who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,123. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 24% 68% 8% 8,123
2007 29% 61% 11% 6,160

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who seldom or never pray by religious group

% of adults who seldom or never pray who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 46% 45% 9% 893
Evangelical Protestant 61% 30% 9% 326
Jewish 8% 87% 5% 408
Mainline Protestant 44% 46% 10% 903
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 15% 78% 7% 4,941

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 34% 20% 9% 1,617
Don't believe 32% 35% 19% 14% 5,792
Other/don't know 31% 33% 22% 13% 589

Generational cohort among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 19% 27% 23% 6% < 1% 1,617
Don't believe 21% 20% 26% 23% 9% 1% 5,792
Other/don't know 20% 19% 26% 28% 8% 1% 589

Gender composition among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 33% 1,637
Don't believe 63% 37% 5,880
Other/don't know 64% 36% 606

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,623. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 8% 6% 17% 3% 1,623
Don't believe 77% 3% 6% 10% 3% 5,810
Other/don't know 74% 4% 6% 11% 5% 588

Immigrant status among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,606. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 12% 75% 1,606
Don't believe 13% 13% 73% 5,828
Other/don't know 15% 12% 73% 590

Income distribution among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,437. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 24% 25% 14% 1,437
Don't believe 23% 19% 30% 28% 5,324
Other/don't know 32% 22% 22% 23% 509

Educational distribution among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,627. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 31% 13% 5% 1,627
Don't believe 30% 29% 24% 17% 5,862
Other/don't know 39% 35% 15% 11% 603

Marital status among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,631. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 9% 11% 3% 39% 1,631
Don't believe 42% 11% 10% 3% 34% 5,860
Other/don't know 40% 9% 11% 4% 36% 595

Parent of children under 18 among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,630. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 73% 1,630
Don't believe 23% 77% 5,862
Other/don't know 23% 77% 603

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 40% 14% 1% 6% 2% 1,637
Don't believe 10% 19% 13% 1% 52% 6% 5,880
Other/don't know 14% 28% 19% 3% 13% 23% 606

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 42% 31% 12% < 1% 1,637
Don't believe 4% 15% 29% 51% < 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 6% 31% 33% 27% 3% 606

Attendance at religious services among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 8% 34% 58% < 1% 1,637
Don't believe 3% 22% 75% < 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 4% 24% 71% 1% 606

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 3% 3% 4% 91% < 1% 1,637
Don't believe 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 1% 2% 2% 94% 1% 606

Frequency of meditation among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 7% 4% 77% 1% 1,637
Don't believe 19% 9% 6% 66% < 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 14% 7% 6% 70% 3% 606

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 17% 16% 41% 1% 1,637
Don't believe 31% 16% 11% 40% 2% 5,880
Other/don't know 32% 12% 14% 39% 3% 606

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 13% 15% 41% 1% 1,637
Don't believe 44% 17% 15% 24% 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 38% 17% 15% 27% 3% 606

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 11% 10% 63% 14% 2% 1,637
Don't believe 2% 20% 56% 21% 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 4% 14% 62% 13% 7% 606

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 74% 1% 1% 1,637
Don't believe 18% 81% 1% 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 19% 76% 3% 2% 606

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 4% 3% 5% 87% < 1% 1,637
Don't believe 2% 3% 5% 90% < 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 4% 3% 6% 87% 1% 606

Interpreting scripture among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 27% 1% 47% 7% 1,637
Don't believe 2% 5% < 1% 88% 5% 5,880
Other/don't know 7% 8% 1% 63% 21% 606

Belief in Heaven among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 91% 6% 3% 1,637
Don't believe 13% 83% 4% 5,880
Other/don't know 20% 5% 75% 606

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 22% 44% 1,637
Don't believe 22% 18% 60% 5,880
Other/don't know 29% 31% 40% 606

Political ideology among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 40% 24% 8% 1,637
Don't believe 15% 35% 45% 5% 5,880
Other/don't know 24% 35% 27% 13% 606

Views about size of government among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 48% 1% 3% 1,637
Don't believe 48% 46% 3% 3% 5,880
Other/don't know 51% 34% 5% 10% 606

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 47% 3% 1% 1,637
Don't believe 33% 62% 3% 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 40% 50% 6% 4% 606

Views about abortion among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 34% 4% 1,637
Don't believe 83% 14% 3% 5,880
Other/don't know 72% 21% 7% 606

Views about homosexuality among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 75% 19% 4% 2% 1,637
Don't believe 89% 8% 2% 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 76% 13% 6% 6% 606

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 27% 7% 1,637
Don't believe 86% 10% 4% 5,880
Other/don't know 68% 20% 12% 606

Views about environmental regulation among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 54% 2% 3% 1,637
Don't believe 22% 74% 2% 2% 5,880
Other/don't know 32% 56% 5% 7% 606

Views about human evolution among adults who seldom or never pray by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,637. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 26% 5% 21% 3% 1,637
Don't believe 80% 7% 3% 8% 1% 5,880
Other/don't know 59% 10% 12% 9% 10% 606