Belief in Hell among adults who read scripture at least once a week

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,336. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 17% 7% 12,336
2007 76% 15% 9% 12,777

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who read scripture at least once a week by religious group

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 71% 21% 8% 1,810
Evangelical Protestant 85% 8% 7% 5,525
Historically Black Protestant 85% 10% 5% 1,189
Jehovah's Witness 6% 91% 3% 216
Jewish 54% 38% 8% 121
Mainline Protestant 72% 19% 10% 1,894
Mormon 61% 31% 8% 513
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 56% 35% 9% 606

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 8,946. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 34% 29% 20% 8,946
Don't believe 19% 31% 29% 21% 2,111
Other/don't know 11% 30% 30% 28% 979

Generational cohort among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 8,946. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 10% 12% 29% 34% 14% 1% 8,946
Don't believe 11% 13% 27% 34% 14% 2% 2,111
Other/don't know 5% 10% 27% 36% 20% 3% 979

Gender composition among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 58% 9,146
Don't believe 40% 60% 2,169
Other/don't know 39% 61% 1,021

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 9,015. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 19% 2% 15% 4% 9,015
Don't believe 55% 15% 3% 21% 5% 2,121
Other/don't know 63% 14% 3% 14% 5% 991

Immigrant status among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 9,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 7% 79% 9,025
Don't believe 20% 11% 70% 2,132
Other/don't know 15% 8% 77% 1,009

Income distribution among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 7,882. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 22% 25% 13% 7,882
Don't believe 40% 21% 24% 16% 1,898
Other/don't know 40% 15% 28% 17% 793

Educational distribution among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 9,094. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 34% 14% 8% 9,094
Don't believe 40% 31% 16% 13% 2,157
Other/don't know 38% 30% 17% 15% 1,011

Marital status among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 9,100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 4% 14% 8% 20% 9,100
Don't believe 48% 7% 15% 8% 22% 2,154
Other/don't know 54% 4% 14% 12% 15% 1,009

Parent of children under 18 among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 9,107. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 68% 9,107
Don't believe 29% 71% 2,164
Other/don't know 29% 71% 1,008

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 92% 7% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 9,146
Don't believe 77% 16% 2% 1% 3% 1% 2,169
Other/don't know 85% 10% 1% 2% < 1% 2% 1,021

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 90% 8% 1% 1% < 1% 9,146
Don't believe 76% 15% 4% 4% 1% 2,169
Other/don't know 87% 9% 1% 1% 2% 1,021

Attendance at religious services among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 72% 20% 7% 1% 9,146
Don't believe 62% 24% 14% < 1% 2,169
Other/don't know 68% 21% 10% 1% 1,021

Frequency of prayer among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 90% 8% 1% 1% < 1% 9,146
Don't believe 83% 9% 2% 5% 1% 2,169
Other/don't know 88% 7% 1% 3% 1% 1,021

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 14% 8% 18% 1% 9,146
Don't believe 50% 11% 8% 30% 1% 2,169
Other/don't know 52% 11% 8% 28% 2% 1,021

Frequency of meditation among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 6% 2% 27% 2% 9,146
Don't believe 68% 7% 1% 22% 2% 2,169
Other/don't know 63% 6% 2% 24% 5% 1,021

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 85% 9% 3% 3% 1% 9,146
Don't believe 79% 10% 3% 6% 1% 2,169
Other/don't know 82% 8% 3% 4% 3% 1,021

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 16% 9% 21% 2% 9,146
Don't believe 61% 14% 7% 15% 2% 2,169
Other/don't know 59% 10% 9% 18% 4% 1,021

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 4% 24% 3% 2% 9,146
Don't believe 45% 12% 33% 6% 3% 2,169
Other/don't know 59% 7% 25% 3% 6% 1,021

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 48% 2% 1% 9,146
Don't believe 37% 60% 2% 2% 2,169
Other/don't know 47% 49% 2% 2% 1,021

Interpreting scripture among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 27% 4% 5% 4% 9,146
Don't believe 33% 34% 3% 22% 8% 2,169
Other/don't know 43% 28% 9% 8% 11% 1,021

Belief in Heaven among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 94% 2% 3% 9,146
Don't believe 64% 29% 6% 2,169
Other/don't know 58% 4% 38% 1,021

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 16% 36% 9,146
Don't believe 31% 27% 42% 2,169
Other/don't know 43% 22% 35% 1,021

Political ideology among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 27% 14% 6% 9,146
Don't believe 35% 30% 24% 11% 2,169
Other/don't know 46% 29% 14% 10% 1,021

Views about size of government among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 38% 3% 3% 9,146
Don't believe 49% 43% 3% 5% 2,169
Other/don't know 54% 34% 5% 6% 1,021

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 43% 4% 2% 9,146
Don't believe 40% 53% 4% 3% 2,169
Other/don't know 44% 43% 8% 5% 1,021

Views about abortion among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 67% 4% 9,146
Don't believe 45% 51% 5% 2,169
Other/don't know 33% 57% 9% 1,021

Views about homosexuality among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 57% 5% 4% 9,146
Don't believe 58% 34% 4% 4% 2,169
Other/don't know 39% 43% 8% 10% 1,021

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 68% 7% 9,146
Don't believe 50% 41% 9% 2,169
Other/don't know 31% 54% 16% 1,021

Views about environmental regulation among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 47% 2% 4% 9,146
Don't believe 35% 58% 3% 4% 2,169
Other/don't know 40% 46% 5% 9% 1,021

Views about human evolution among adults who read scripture at least once a week by belief in hell

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 10% 25% 2% 57% 5% 9,146
Don't believe 21% 28% 4% 42% 6% 2,169
Other/don't know 11% 22% 7% 50% 12% 1,021