Belief in Hell among adults who seldom or never read scripture

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 16,085. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 50% 9% 16,085
2007 46% 42% 12% 15,857

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who seldom or never read scripture by religious group

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 147. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 34% 63% 4% 147
Catholic 57% 35% 9% 3,807
Evangelical Protestant 72% 20% 8% 1,462
Hindu 28% 65% 7% 120
Historically Black Protestant 73% 18% 9% 308
Jewish 13% 80% 7% 580
Mainline Protestant 52% 37% 10% 2,641
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 22% 69% 8% 6,116

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 5,946. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 34% 26% 14% 5,946
Don't believe 27% 34% 23% 16% 8,520
Other/don't know 20% 32% 28% 20% 1,354

Generational cohort among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 5,946. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 16% 27% 31% 9% 1% 5,946
Don't believe 17% 18% 26% 28% 10% 1% 8,520
Other/don't know 13% 14% 26% 34% 12% 1% 1,354

Gender composition among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 48% 6,028
Don't believe 55% 45% 8,659
Other/don't know 52% 48% 1,398

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 5,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 69% 9% 4% 15% 3% 5,973
Don't believe 76% 4% 6% 12% 3% 8,554
Other/don't know 73% 6% 3% 13% 5% 1,358

Immigrant status among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 5,941. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 10% 77% 5,941
Don't believe 14% 13% 73% 8,587
Other/don't know 13% 12% 75% 1,364

Income distribution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 5,243. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 20% 26% 18% 5,243
Don't believe 25% 19% 29% 27% 7,749
Other/don't know 35% 19% 24% 22% 1,135

Educational distribution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 5,997. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 31% 14% 7% 5,997
Don't believe 31% 29% 23% 17% 8,623
Other/don't know 41% 32% 16% 11% 1,384

Marital status among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 6,013. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 9% 12% 5% 28% 6,013
Don't believe 45% 10% 11% 5% 29% 8,627
Other/don't know 45% 8% 12% 6% 28% 1,383

Parent of children under 18 among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 6,008. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 70% 6,008
Don't believe 25% 75% 8,635
Other/don't know 24% 76% 1,392

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 30% 6% 1% 2% 1% 6,028
Don't believe 24% 25% 12% 1% 34% 5% 8,659
Other/don't know 38% 31% 12% 2% 6% 11% 1,398

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 43% 14% 5% < 1% 6,028
Don't believe 13% 26% 25% 36% 1% 8,659
Other/don't know 26% 35% 23% 15% 2% 1,398

Attendance at religious services among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 42% 40% < 1% 6,028
Don't believe 6% 30% 63% < 1% 8,659
Other/don't know 11% 36% 52% 1% 1,398

Frequency of prayer among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 24% 11% 25% < 1% 6,028
Don't believe 18% 12% 8% 62% < 1% 8,659
Other/don't know 30% 18% 8% 40% 3% 1,398

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 6% 4% 5% 85% < 1% 6,028
Don't believe 2% 2% 3% 93% < 1% 8,659
Other/don't know 4% 2% 4% 89% 1% 1,398

Frequency of meditation among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 7% 4% 66% 1% 6,028
Don't believe 25% 10% 5% 59% 1% 8,659
Other/don't know 27% 7% 5% 58% 3% 1,398

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 18% 14% 24% 1% 6,028
Don't believe 38% 17% 12% 32% 1% 8,659
Other/don't know 41% 16% 13% 28% 3% 1,398

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 15% 15% 36% 1% 6,028
Don't believe 44% 16% 15% 24% 1% 8,659
Other/don't know 40% 18% 13% 27% 2% 1,398

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 10% 59% 9% 2% 6,028
Don't believe 6% 17% 58% 18% 2% 8,659
Other/don't know 10% 12% 63% 9% 6% 1,398

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 69% 1% 1% 6,028
Don't believe 19% 79% 1% 1% 8,659
Other/don't know 22% 73% 3% 3% 1,398

Interpreting scripture among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 36% 2% 31% 7% 6,028
Don't believe 4% 12% < 1% 78% 6% 8,659
Other/don't know 11% 16% 2% 49% 22% 1,398

Belief in Heaven among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 3% 2% 6,028
Don't believe 29% 67% 5% 8,659
Other/don't know 40% 3% 57% 1,398

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 19% 42% 6,028
Don't believe 25% 18% 57% 8,659
Other/don't know 32% 25% 43% 1,398

Political ideology among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 37% 22% 7% 6,028
Don't believe 17% 36% 42% 5% 8,659
Other/don't know 27% 37% 24% 12% 1,398

Views about size of government among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 43% 2% 3% 6,028
Don't believe 48% 46% 3% 3% 8,659
Other/don't know 48% 36% 7% 9% 1,398

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 44% 3% 2% 6,028
Don't believe 35% 60% 3% 1% 8,659
Other/don't know 39% 49% 6% 6% 1,398

Views about abortion among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 39% 4% 6,028
Don't believe 80% 17% 3% 8,659
Other/don't know 62% 28% 10% 1,398

Views about homosexuality among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 71% 23% 3% 3% 6,028
Don't believe 86% 9% 2% 2% 8,659
Other/don't know 74% 14% 6% 6% 1,398

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 32% 8% 6,028
Don't believe 82% 13% 5% 8,659
Other/don't know 63% 23% 14% 1,398

Views about environmental regulation among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 55% 2% 2% 6,028
Don't believe 25% 71% 2% 2% 8,659
Other/don't know 33% 55% 4% 7% 1,398

Views about human evolution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by belief in hell

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,028. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 32% 4% 29% 4% 6,028
Don't believe 69% 14% 4% 12% 2% 8,659
Other/don't know 45% 19% 11% 16% 10% 1,398