Belief in Hell among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,811. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 82% 12% 6% 9,811
2007 83% 10% 6% 11,149

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by religious group

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 76% 17% 7% 1,545
Evangelical Protestant 89% 6% 6% 4,757
Historically Black Protestant 86% 8% 6% 1,094
Jehovah's Witness 11% 85% 4% 107
Mainline Protestant 82% 11% 7% 1,266
Mormon 68% 25% 7% 210
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 70% 26% 5% 546

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 7,917. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 34% 30% 21% 7,917
Don't believe 15% 35% 30% 20% 1,067
Other/don't know 9% 33% 31% 28% 612

Generational cohort among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 7,917. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 11% 29% 35% 14% 2% 7,917
Don't believe 9% 12% 28% 35% 13% 2% 1,067
Other/don't know 4% 8% 30% 37% 18% 3% 612

Gender composition among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 56% 8,082
Don't believe 37% 63% 1,096
Other/don't know 37% 63% 633

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 7,986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 20% 2% 17% 3% 7,986
Don't believe 46% 18% 3% 30% 3% 1,084
Other/don't know 58% 18% 2% 18% 4% 619

Immigrant status among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 7,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 7% 77% 7,954
Don't believe 28% 10% 62% 1,072
Other/don't know 20% 7% 73% 619

Income distribution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 6,924. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 22% 22% 10% 6,924
Don't believe 53% 21% 17% 8% 915
Other/don't know 52% 16% 21% 11% 486

Educational distribution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 8,027. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 30% 11% 5% 8,027
Don't believe 60% 26% 9% 5% 1,085
Other/don't know 57% 23% 13% 6% 629

Marital status among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 8,051. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 5% 15% 9% 20% 8,051
Don't believe 47% 7% 17% 9% 21% 1,089
Other/don't know 52% 7% 14% 12% 14% 628

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 8,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 69% 8,057
Don't believe 29% 71% 1,094
Other/don't know 30% 70% 625

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 89% 9% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 8,082
Don't believe 81% 15% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 1,096
Other/don't know 86% 10% 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 633

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 86% 12% 1% 1% < 1% 8,082
Don't believe 77% 16% 4% 3% 1% 1,096
Other/don't know 86% 10% 1% < 1% 1% 633

Attendance at religious services among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 27% 11% < 1% 8,082
Don't believe 51% 29% 20% < 1% 1,096
Other/don't know 54% 28% 16% 2% 633

Frequency of prayer among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 81% 12% 3% 4% < 1% 8,082
Don't believe 73% 14% 3% 9% 1% 1,096
Other/don't know 78% 11% 2% 6% 2% 633

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 14% 9% 29% 1% 8,082
Don't believe 41% 12% 8% 39% 1% 1,096
Other/don't know 43% 10% 10% 35% 2% 633

Frequency of meditation among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 7% 3% 35% 2% 8,082
Don't believe 54% 7% 2% 34% 2% 1,096
Other/don't know 52% 6% 3% 33% 6% 633

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 11% 6% 7% 1% 8,082
Don't believe 70% 11% 7% 10% 2% 1,096
Other/don't know 76% 9% 5% 7% 3% 633

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 15% 11% 27% 2% 8,082
Don't believe 49% 13% 9% 26% 2% 1,096
Other/don't know 51% 11% 10% 23% 5% 633

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 4% 28% 4% 2% 8,082
Don't believe 48% 6% 37% 7% 2% 1,096
Other/don't know 56% 5% 32% 3% 4% 633

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 51% 1% 1% 8,082
Don't believe 37% 60% 1% 3% 1,096
Other/don't know 42% 53% 2% 3% 633

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 11% 7% 18% 1% 8,082
Don't believe 54% 12% 5% 27% 2% 1,096
Other/don't know 60% 11% 4% 22% 2% 633

Belief in Heaven among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 2% 2% 8,082
Don't believe 75% 21% 4% 1,096
Other/don't know 65% 3% 32% 633

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 16% 38% 8,082
Don't believe 32% 29% 39% 1,096
Other/don't know 40% 24% 36% 633

Political ideology among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 25% 14% 7% 8,082
Don't believe 40% 28% 20% 12% 1,096
Other/don't know 53% 23% 14% 10% 633

Views about size of government among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 45% 2% 3% 8,082
Don't believe 40% 55% 2% 3% 1,096
Other/don't know 49% 42% 3% 6% 633

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 44% 4% 2% 8,082
Don't believe 44% 50% 2% 3% 1,096
Other/don't know 49% 40% 6% 5% 633

Views about abortion among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 65% 4% 8,082
Don't believe 37% 57% 5% 1,096
Other/don't know 31% 62% 8% 633

Views about homosexuality among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 58% 4% 4% 8,082
Don't believe 50% 41% 4% 4% 1,096
Other/don't know 36% 47% 7% 10% 633

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 68% 7% 8,082
Don't believe 38% 52% 10% 1,096
Other/don't know 26% 59% 15% 633

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 45% 2% 4% 8,082
Don't believe 44% 47% 3% 6% 1,096
Other/don't know 48% 38% 5% 9% 633

Views about human evolution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by belief in hell

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 11% 22% 2% 59% 5% 8,082
Don't believe 15% 22% 3% 54% 6% 1,096
Other/don't know 12% 19% 5% 55% 10% 633