Belief in Hell among non-parents

% of non-parents who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 26,567. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 36% 8% 26,567
2007 57% 31% 12% 24,726

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among non-parents by religious group

% of non-parents who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 217. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 31% 64% 5% 217
Catholic 62% 29% 9% 5,411
Evangelical Protestant 82% 11% 7% 6,385
Hindu 29% 64% 7% 115
Historically Black Protestant 81% 12% 7% 1,421
Jehovah's Witness 8% 87% 5% 182
Jewish 20% 72% 8% 661
Mainline Protestant 59% 30% 11% 4,844
Mormon 60% 31% 9% 419
Muslim 75% 18% 7% 147
Orthodox Christian 54% 33% 13% 137
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 25% 66% 9% 5,788

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 13,866. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 20% 33% 24% 13,866
Don't believe 29% 21% 28% 23% 9,837
Other/don't know 17% 20% 33% 30% 2,318

Generational cohort among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 13,866. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 9% 17% 40% 16% 1% 13,866
Don't believe 19% 15% 16% 35% 14% 2% 9,837
Other/don't know 11% 10% 16% 40% 20% 3% 2,318

Gender composition among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 51% 14,127
Don't believe 53% 47% 10,022
Other/don't know 47% 53% 2,418

Racial and ethnic composition among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 13,951. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 15% 3% 13% 4% 13,951
Don't believe 73% 6% 5% 12% 4% 9,877
Other/don't know 70% 9% 3% 13% 5% 2,336

Immigrant status among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 13,931. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 11% 9% 79% 13,931
Don't believe 13% 14% 73% 9,924
Other/don't know 12% 11% 77% 2,362

Income distribution among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 12,027. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 22% 25% 14% 12,027
Don't believe 29% 21% 28% 22% 8,820
Other/don't know 39% 19% 23% 18% 1,862

Educational distribution among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 14,056. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 32% 13% 7% 14,056
Don't believe 34% 30% 21% 15% 9,973
Other/don't know 41% 31% 16% 12% 2,392

Marital status among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 14,076. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 5% 14% 9% 29% 14,076
Don't believe 38% 9% 13% 7% 33% 9,973
Other/don't know 41% 7% 14% 11% 26% 2,381

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 79% 16% 3% 1% 1% 1% 14,127
Don't believe 36% 24% 10% 1% 27% 4% 10,022
Other/don't know 57% 22% 7% 2% 3% 9% 2,418

Importance of religion in one's life among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 24% 6% 2% < 1% 14,127
Don't believe 27% 25% 20% 27% 1% 10,022
Other/don't know 50% 26% 12% 9% 3% 2,418

Attendance at religious services among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 33% 20% 1% 14,127
Don't believe 17% 31% 51% < 1% 10,022
Other/don't know 31% 32% 35% 2% 2,418

Frequency of prayer among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 16% 5% 10% 1% 14,127
Don't believe 32% 13% 7% 47% 1% 10,022
Other/don't know 52% 16% 5% 23% 5% 2,418

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 11% 9% 47% 1% 14,127
Don't believe 11% 5% 6% 78% < 1% 10,022
Other/don't know 20% 6% 7% 65% 2% 2,418

Frequency of meditation among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 8% 4% 41% 2% 14,127
Don't believe 34% 10% 5% 49% 1% 10,022
Other/don't know 41% 8% 5% 41% 5% 2,418

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 14% 8% 11% 1% 14,127
Don't believe 47% 16% 11% 25% 1% 10,022
Other/don't know 57% 12% 10% 17% 4% 2,418

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 15% 12% 26% 2% 14,127
Don't believe 49% 15% 13% 21% 1% 10,022
Other/don't know 47% 15% 11% 22% 5% 2,418

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 7% 40% 5% 2% 14,127
Don't believe 13% 18% 52% 15% 2% 10,022
Other/don't know 26% 11% 49% 8% 7% 2,418

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 58% 2% 1% 14,127
Don't believe 22% 76% 1% 1% 10,022
Other/don't know 30% 64% 3% 3% 2,418

Frequency of reading scripture among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 12% 9% 33% 1% 14,127
Don't believe 17% 7% 7% 68% 1% 10,022
Other/don't know 31% 10% 8% 49% 3% 2,418

Interpreting scripture among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 32% 3% 15% 6% 14,127
Don't believe 10% 17% 1% 65% 7% 10,022
Other/don't know 22% 22% 5% 32% 19% 2,418

Belief in Heaven among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 3% 3% 14,127
Don't believe 37% 57% 5% 10,022
Other/don't know 48% 3% 49% 2,418

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 16% 40% 14,127
Don't believe 26% 18% 56% 10,022
Other/don't know 35% 23% 42% 2,418

Political ideology among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 32% 17% 6% 14,127
Don't believe 21% 35% 38% 6% 10,022
Other/don't know 34% 35% 20% 11% 2,418

Views about size of government among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 39% 2% 3% 14,127
Don't believe 48% 45% 3% 4% 10,022
Other/don't know 50% 34% 7% 9% 2,418

Views about government aid to the poor among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 45% 4% 2% 14,127
Don't believe 35% 60% 3% 2% 10,022
Other/don't know 41% 46% 7% 6% 2,418

Views about abortion among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 53% 4% 14,127
Don't believe 74% 22% 4% 10,022
Other/don't know 52% 36% 11% 2,418

Views about homosexuality among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 42% 4% 3% 14,127
Don't believe 80% 14% 3% 2% 10,022
Other/don't know 60% 25% 7% 8% 2,418

Views about same-sex marriage among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 52% 8% 14,127
Don't believe 75% 19% 6% 10,022
Other/don't know 50% 34% 16% 2,418

Views about environmental regulation among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 50% 2% 3% 14,127
Don't believe 27% 68% 2% 3% 10,022
Other/don't know 36% 51% 5% 8% 2,418

Views about human evolution among non-parents by belief in hell

% of non-parents who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 14,127. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 29% 3% 44% 5% 14,127
Don't believe 57% 17% 4% 18% 3% 10,022
Other/don't know 30% 22% 11% 27% 11% 2,418