Belief in Hell among democrats and Democratic leaners

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 15,682. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 42% 7% 15,682
2007 55% 35% 10% 16,420

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among democrats and Democratic leaners by religious group

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 29% 68% 4% 184
Catholic 60% 31% 9% 3,118
Evangelical Protestant 79% 15% 6% 2,307
Hindu 26% 66% 8% 113
Historically Black Protestant 82% 12% 7% 1,557
Jewish 13% 79% 7% 575
Mainline Protestant 54% 36% 10% 2,511
Mormon 49% 38% 13% 110
Muslim 71% 21% 8% 150
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 22% 72% 6% 4,348

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 7,001. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 33% 28% 17% 7,001
Don't believe 26% 33% 24% 17% 7,242
Other/don't know 17% 29% 30% 24% 1,215

Generational cohort among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 7,001. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 14% 27% 32% 11% 1% 7,001
Don't believe 16% 17% 27% 29% 10% 1% 7,242
Other/don't know 10% 11% 25% 35% 16% 3% 1,215

Gender composition among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 58% 7,097
Don't believe 48% 52% 7,338
Other/don't know 41% 59% 1,247

Racial and ethnic composition among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 7,036. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 29% 3% 19% 4% 7,036
Don't believe 69% 9% 5% 13% 3% 7,262
Other/don't know 57% 18% 5% 15% 5% 1,225

Immigrant status among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 6,999. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 11% 72% 6,999
Don't believe 15% 13% 72% 7,282
Other/don't know 16% 11% 73% 1,219

Income distribution among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 6,344. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 22% 21% 11% 6,344
Don't believe 26% 19% 29% 26% 6,732
Other/don't know 41% 18% 22% 18% 1,046

Educational distribution among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 7,072. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 32% 12% 7% 7,072
Don't believe 26% 29% 25% 20% 7,318
Other/don't know 39% 30% 16% 15% 1,238

Marital status among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 7,076. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 8% 16% 8% 29% 7,076
Don't believe 44% 10% 12% 5% 29% 7,319
Other/don't know 43% 7% 14% 9% 26% 1,233

Parent of children under 18 among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 7,079. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 70% 7,079
Don't believe 24% 76% 7,321
Other/don't know 24% 76% 1,241

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 19% 3% 1% 1% 1% 7,097
Don't believe 30% 24% 11% < 1% 31% 4% 7,338
Other/don't know 52% 26% 9% 3% 3% 7% 1,247

Importance of religion in one's life among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 25% 6% 3% < 1% 7,097
Don't believe 23% 25% 21% 30% 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 49% 27% 14% 8% 2% 1,247

Attendance at religious services among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 37% 21% < 1% 7,097
Don't believe 14% 33% 52% < 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 29% 36% 33% 1% 1,247

Frequency of prayer among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 18% 5% 11% < 1% 7,097
Don't believe 29% 13% 7% 50% 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 52% 17% 6% 21% 3% 1,247

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 12% 9% 49% < 1% 7,097
Don't believe 9% 5% 6% 80% < 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 17% 7% 8% 66% 2% 1,247

Frequency of meditation among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 9% 4% 41% 1% 7,097
Don't believe 34% 11% 6% 49% 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 41% 8% 6% 42% 3% 1,247

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 15% 9% 12% 1% 7,097
Don't believe 46% 17% 12% 24% 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 54% 14% 11% 18% 3% 1,247

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 16% 13% 27% 2% 7,097
Don't believe 50% 17% 14% 18% 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 49% 16% 10% 21% 4% 1,247

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 8% 45% 7% 2% 7,097
Don't believe 9% 20% 50% 18% 2% 7,338
Other/don't know 23% 12% 49% 9% 6% 1,247

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 70% 1% 1% 7,097
Don't believe 16% 82% 1% 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 22% 73% 3% 2% 1,247

Frequency of reading scripture among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 13% 10% 35% 1% 7,097
Don't believe 13% 8% 8% 71% < 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 28% 10% 9% 50% 2% 1,247

Interpreting scripture among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 31% 3% 18% 6% 7,097
Don't believe 7% 14% < 1% 72% 6% 7,338
Other/don't know 20% 18% 4% 40% 18% 1,247

Belief in Heaven among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 96% 2% 2% 7,097
Don't believe 33% 62% 5% 7,338
Other/don't know 51% 3% 47% 1,247

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 40% 28% 4% 7,097
Don't believe 9% 33% 55% 2% 7,338
Other/don't know 18% 40% 35% 8% 1,247

Views about size of government among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 61% 3% 4% 7,097
Don't believe 31% 61% 4% 4% 7,338
Other/don't know 28% 53% 9% 9% 1,247

Views about government aid to the poor among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 64% 4% 2% 7,097
Don't believe 19% 77% 3% 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 23% 67% 6% 5% 1,247

Views about abortion among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 40% 4% 7,097
Don't believe 83% 15% 2% 7,338
Other/don't know 67% 23% 10% 1,247

Views about homosexuality among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 32% 4% 3% 7,097
Don't believe 89% 8% 1% 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 74% 15% 5% 6% 1,247

Views about same-sex marriage among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 41% 7% 7,097
Don't believe 86% 11% 3% 7,338
Other/don't know 67% 21% 11% 1,247

Views about environmental regulation among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 65% 2% 3% 7,097
Don't believe 15% 83% 1% 1% 7,338
Other/don't know 19% 69% 5% 7% 1,247

Views about human evolution among democrats and Democratic leaners by belief in hell

% of democrats and Democratic leaners who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,097. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 32% 3% 38% 4% 7,097
Don't believe 66% 15% 4% 13% 2% 7,338
Other/don't know 38% 22% 10% 22% 8% 1,247