Belief in Hell among republicans and Republican leaners

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 13,731. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 69% 24% 8% 13,731
2007 68% 22% 10% 13,366

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among republicans and Republican leaners by religious group

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 69% 24% 6% 2,926
Evangelical Protestant 85% 8% 7% 5,056
Historically Black Protestant 86% 10% 4% 175
Jewish 38% 54% 8% 200
Mainline Protestant 66% 24% 9% 2,750
Mormon 66% 28% 6% 481
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 33% 58% 9% 1,734

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 9,041. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 34% 28% 19% 9,041
Don't believe 21% 33% 26% 21% 3,347
Other/don't know 11% 29% 31% 28% 1,115

Generational cohort among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 9,041. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 12% 28% 33% 13% 1% 9,041
Don't believe 13% 14% 26% 32% 13% 2% 3,347
Other/don't know 7% 9% 25% 38% 19% 2% 1,115

Gender composition among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 48% 9,176
Don't believe 58% 42% 3,396
Other/don't know 49% 51% 1,159

Racial and ethnic composition among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 9,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 83% 3% 2% 9% 3% 9,082
Don't believe 82% 2% 3% 9% 3% 3,349
Other/don't know 85% 2% 2% 7% 4% 1,126

Immigrant status among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 9,103. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 8% 7% 85% 9,103
Don't believe 11% 12% 77% 3,373
Other/don't know 8% 8% 84% 1,148

Income distribution among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 8,093. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 21% 32% 21% 8,093
Don't believe 22% 21% 29% 28% 3,007
Other/don't know 23% 18% 32% 27% 927

Educational distribution among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 34% 18% 8% 9,146
Don't believe 37% 31% 19% 13% 3,385
Other/don't know 35% 30% 22% 13% 1,149

Marital status among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 9,159. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 5% 10% 6% 19% 9,159
Don't believe 53% 7% 12% 6% 23% 3,381
Other/don't know 61% 5% 11% 10% 13% 1,147

Parent of children under 18 among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 9,149. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 69% 9,149
Don't believe 26% 74% 3,384
Other/don't know 25% 75% 1,152

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 83% 14% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 9,176
Don't believe 45% 26% 8% 1% 17% 3% 3,396
Other/don't know 66% 20% 4% 1% 2% 7% 1,159

Importance of religion in one's life among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 72% 22% 5% 1% < 1% 9,176
Don't believe 33% 28% 20% 19% 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 57% 24% 10% 7% 2% 1,159

Attendance at religious services among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 31% 15% < 1% 9,176
Don't believe 22% 34% 44% < 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 40% 31% 28% 1% 1,159

Frequency of prayer among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 72% 16% 5% 7% < 1% 9,176
Don't believe 37% 16% 7% 39% < 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 59% 16% 4% 19% 2% 1,159

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 12% 10% 41% < 1% 9,176
Don't believe 13% 6% 6% 74% < 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 27% 7% 6% 58% 1% 1,159

Frequency of meditation among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 7% 3% 46% 2% 9,176
Don't believe 33% 9% 4% 53% 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 40% 7% 5% 43% 4% 1,159

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 15% 8% 9% 1% 9,176
Don't believe 48% 15% 10% 26% 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 61% 12% 9% 16% 2% 1,159

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 17% 13% 25% 1% 9,176
Don't believe 44% 15% 14% 26% 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 44% 17% 13% 22% 3% 1,159

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 6% 35% 4% 2% 9,176
Don't believe 19% 13% 56% 10% 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 36% 9% 44% 5% 6% 1,159

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 45% 1% 1% 9,176
Don't believe 34% 64% 1% 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 45% 51% 2% 2% 1,159

Frequency of reading scripture among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 12% 8% 29% < 1% 9,176
Don't believe 21% 8% 7% 64% 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 40% 9% 6% 44% 1% 1,159

Interpreting scripture among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 36% 3% 11% 4% 9,176
Don't believe 13% 25% 1% 54% 6% 3,396
Other/don't know 27% 30% 5% 23% 15% 1,159

Belief in Heaven among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 94% 2% 3% 9,176
Don't believe 48% 47% 5% 3,396
Other/don't know 51% 5% 44% 1,159

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 25% 6% 2% 9,176
Don't believe 48% 39% 11% 2% 3,396
Other/don't know 61% 28% 7% 4% 1,159

Views about size of government among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 77% 20% 1% 2% 9,176
Don't believe 79% 18% 1% 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 80% 13% 3% 3% 1,159

Views about government aid to the poor among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 70% 26% 3% 1% 9,176
Don't believe 68% 28% 3% 1% 3,396
Other/don't know 65% 24% 7% 4% 1,159

Views about abortion among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 67% 2% 9,176
Don't believe 60% 36% 4% 3,396
Other/don't know 38% 55% 8% 1,159

Views about homosexuality among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 52% 4% 3% 9,176
Don't believe 70% 23% 4% 3% 3,396
Other/don't know 47% 40% 7% 6% 1,159

Views about same-sex marriage among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 64% 6% 9,176
Don't believe 60% 33% 8% 3,396
Other/don't know 34% 53% 13% 1,159

Views about environmental regulation among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 39% 2% 2% 9,176
Don't believe 52% 43% 2% 2% 3,396
Other/don't know 58% 32% 4% 6% 1,159

Views about human evolution among republicans and Republican leaners by belief in hell

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 28% 2% 51% 4% 9,176
Don't believe 46% 23% 4% 25% 3% 3,396
Other/don't know 22% 24% 7% 37% 10% 1,159