Belief in Hell among liberals

% of liberals who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,504. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 53% 7% 8,504
2007 44% 46% 10% 6,809

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among liberals by religious group

% of liberals who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 136. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 21% 74% 4% 136
Catholic 56% 36% 7% 1,474
Evangelical Protestant 74% 19% 7% 937
Historically Black Protestant 81% 13% 6% 467
Jewish 9% 87% 4% 394
Mainline Protestant 47% 44% 10% 1,259
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 18% 77% 6% 3,107

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 2,873. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 36% 25% 13% 2,873
Don't believe 28% 35% 22% 14% 4,943
Other/don't know 24% 30% 30% 17% 574

Generational cohort among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 2,873. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 18% 29% 28% 8% 1% 2,873
Don't believe 17% 19% 27% 27% 9% 1% 4,943
Other/don't know 16% 12% 24% 35% 11% 1% 574

Gender composition among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 55% 2,908
Don't believe 47% 53% 5,000
Other/don't know 38% 62% 596

Racial and ethnic composition among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 2,876. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 21% 5% 23% 5% 2,876
Don't believe 72% 6% 5% 13% 4% 4,951
Other/don't know 59% 10% 7% 20% 5% 578

Immigrant status among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 2,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 12% 66% 2,848
Don't believe 16% 14% 70% 4,957
Other/don't know 21% 12% 67% 584

Income distribution among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,591. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 22% 19% 12% 2,591
Don't believe 28% 17% 28% 27% 4,617
Other/don't know 39% 20% 22% 19% 500

Educational distribution among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 2,895. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 32% 11% 7% 2,895
Don't believe 25% 28% 25% 22% 4,985
Other/don't know 40% 27% 18% 15% 587

Marital status among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 2,899. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 10% 17% 6% 31% 2,899
Don't believe 43% 11% 12% 4% 30% 4,984
Other/don't know 39% 8% 14% 7% 32% 584

Parent of children under 18 among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 2,903. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 69% 2,903
Don't believe 25% 75% 4,990
Other/don't know 27% 73% 593

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 24% 5% 1% 1% 1% 2,908
Don't believe 27% 23% 11% 1% 35% 4% 5,000
Other/don't know 46% 28% 10% 2% 4% 9% 596

Importance of religion in one's life among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 30% 8% 4% < 1% 2,908
Don't believe 19% 23% 22% 35% 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 41% 29% 16% 12% 2% 596

Attendance at religious services among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 38% 28% < 1% 2,908
Don't believe 12% 30% 58% < 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 23% 34% 42% 1% 596

Frequency of prayer among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 20% 7% 13% < 1% 2,908
Don't believe 25% 12% 7% 55% 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 43% 18% 7% 29% 2% 596

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 12% 8% 55% < 1% 2,908
Don't believe 8% 5% 5% 83% < 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 12% 8% 8% 71% 2% 596

Frequency of meditation among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 9% 5% 43% 2% 2,908
Don't believe 34% 11% 6% 48% 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 38% 9% 7% 44% 3% 596

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 14% 10% 15% 1% 2,908
Don't believe 45% 17% 11% 26% 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 53% 16% 13% 17% 2% 596

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 15% 13% 27% 1% 2,908
Don't believe 53% 17% 13% 17% < 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 53% 15% 10% 18% 5% 596

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 10% 47% 9% 2% 2,908
Don't believe 8% 23% 48% 19% 2% 5,000
Other/don't know 15% 17% 52% 10% 6% 596

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 74% 1% 1% 2,908
Don't believe 15% 84% 1% 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 20% 75% 2% 3% 596

Frequency of reading scripture among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 12% 10% 41% < 1% 2,908
Don't believe 11% 7% 7% 74% < 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 23% 8% 10% 57% 2% 596

Interpreting scripture among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 30% 2% 25% 6% 2,908
Don't believe 6% 11% < 1% 78% 6% 5,000
Other/don't know 17% 16% 4% 47% 17% 596

Belief in Heaven among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 96% 3% 2% 2,908
Don't believe 27% 68% 4% 5,000
Other/don't know 44% 4% 53% 596

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 18% 65% 2,908
Don't believe 7% 12% 81% 5,000
Other/don't know 11% 19% 70% 596

Views about size of government among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 65% 3% 3% 2,908
Don't believe 27% 66% 4% 3% 5,000
Other/don't know 26% 59% 7% 8% 596

Views about government aid to the poor among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 62% 3% 2% 2,908
Don't believe 17% 79% 2% 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 22% 70% 4% 5% 596

Views about abortion among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 37% 4% 2,908
Don't believe 84% 14% 2% 5,000
Other/don't know 67% 25% 8% 596

Views about homosexuality among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 27% 3% 2% 2,908
Don't believe 91% 7% 1% 1% 5,000
Other/don't know 81% 9% 4% 6% 596

Views about same-sex marriage among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 33% 6% 2,908
Don't believe 89% 8% 3% 5,000
Other/don't know 75% 16% 9% 596

Views about environmental regulation among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 65% 1% 3% 2,908
Don't believe 13% 84% 1% 2% 5,000
Other/don't know 17% 72% 4% 7% 596

Views about human evolution among liberals by belief in hell

% of liberals who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 32% 3% 32% 4% 2,908
Don't believe 71% 14% 4% 10% 2% 5,000
Other/don't know 41% 22% 9% 19% 9% 596