Belief in Hell among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 79% 14% 7% 11,754
2007 79% 12% 9% 10,833

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 74% 19% 7% 2,203
Evangelical Protestant 87% 7% 7% 5,299
Historically Black Protestant 86% 8% 6% 929
Jehovah's Witness 5% 92% 3% 194
Jewish 53% 42% 6% 126
Mainline Protestant 75% 16% 9% 1,825
Mormon 65% 27% 7% 428
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 64% 29% 7% 441

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 8,938. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 34% 29% 20% 8,938
Don't believe 15% 30% 32% 23% 1,695
Other/don't know 9% 32% 32% 27% 850

Generational cohort among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 8,938. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 11% 12% 28% 35% 14% 1% 8,938
Don't believe 9% 12% 24% 39% 14% 2% 1,695
Other/don't know 4% 9% 28% 38% 18% 3% 850

Gender composition among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 57% 9,135
Don't believe 37% 63% 1,734
Other/don't know 39% 61% 885

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 9,024. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 16% 2% 14% 4% 9,024
Don't believe 60% 12% 2% 23% 4% 1,707
Other/don't know 66% 14% 2% 14% 4% 867

Immigrant status among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 9,015. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 7% 79% 9,015
Don't believe 20% 11% 69% 1,717
Other/don't know 15% 8% 77% 871

Income distribution among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 7,885. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 22% 27% 15% 7,885
Don't believe 39% 21% 24% 16% 1,505
Other/don't know 37% 15% 30% 18% 694

Educational distribution among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 9,086. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 34% 15% 8% 9,086
Don't believe 45% 27% 15% 12% 1,724
Other/don't know 39% 28% 20% 12% 875

Marital status among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 9,092. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 4% 13% 8% 19% 9,092
Don't believe 53% 5% 14% 8% 20% 1,728
Other/don't know 61% 5% 13% 8% 13% 877

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 9,098. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 69% 9,098
Don't believe 28% 72% 1,725
Other/don't know 32% 68% 874

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 91% 7% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 9,135
Don't believe 78% 16% 3% 1% 2% 1% 1,734
Other/don't know 87% 10% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 885

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 90% 9% 1% < 1% < 1% 9,135
Don't believe 79% 14% 3% 2% 1% 1,734
Other/don't know 89% 9% 1% < 1% 1% 885

Attendance at religious services among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 24% 9% 1% 9,135
Don't believe 58% 28% 14% < 1% 1,734
Other/don't know 67% 21% 11% 1% 885

Frequency of prayer among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 84% 11% 2% 2% 1% 9,135
Don't believe 77% 12% 3% 7% < 1% 1,734
Other/don't know 85% 10% 1% 3% 2% 885

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 13% 9% 28% 1% 9,135
Don't believe 43% 10% 8% 38% 1% 1,734
Other/don't know 48% 9% 10% 31% 2% 885

Frequency of meditation among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 7% 3% 34% 2% 9,135
Don't believe 54% 7% 3% 34% 2% 1,734
Other/don't know 55% 6% 4% 29% 5% 885

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 79% 11% 5% 4% 1% 9,135
Don't believe 74% 10% 6% 9% 1% 1,734
Other/don't know 78% 9% 5% 6% 2% 885

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 16% 11% 24% 2% 9,135
Don't believe 52% 14% 11% 20% 2% 1,734
Other/don't know 53% 14% 9% 20% 4% 885

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 46% 1% 1% 9,135
Don't believe 41% 57% 1% 1% 1,734
Other/don't know 50% 46% 2% 2% 885

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 11% 6% 15% 1% 9,135
Don't believe 56% 11% 5% 26% 1% 1,734
Other/don't know 68% 10% 4% 16% 2% 885

Interpreting scripture among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 29% 4% 4% 4% 9,135
Don't believe 36% 37% 3% 17% 7% 1,734
Other/don't know 46% 31% 9% 6% 9% 885

Belief in Heaven among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 2% 3% 9,135
Don't believe 67% 27% 6% 1,734
Other/don't know 61% 3% 37% 885

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 15% 33% 9,135
Don't believe 35% 28% 37% 1,734
Other/don't know 44% 23% 33% 885

Political ideology among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 26% 12% 6% 9,135
Don't believe 39% 26% 22% 13% 1,734
Other/don't know 51% 28% 11% 11% 885

Views about size of government among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 36% 2% 3% 9,135
Don't believe 49% 44% 3% 4% 1,734
Other/don't know 57% 32% 6% 6% 885

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 41% 4% 2% 9,135
Don't believe 42% 53% 3% 2% 1,734
Other/don't know 48% 40% 7% 4% 885

Views about abortion among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 69% 3% 9,135
Don't believe 39% 56% 5% 1,734
Other/don't know 29% 62% 9% 885

Views about homosexuality among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 57% 5% 4% 9,135
Don't believe 51% 41% 5% 4% 1,734
Other/don't know 37% 46% 8% 8% 885

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 68% 7% 9,135
Don't believe 42% 50% 8% 1,734
Other/don't know 28% 58% 14% 885

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 47% 2% 3% 9,135
Don't believe 38% 54% 3% 4% 1,734
Other/don't know 43% 43% 6% 9% 885

Views about human evolution among adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say religion is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 8% 27% 2% 59% 5% 9,135
Don't believe 17% 27% 4% 48% 5% 1,734
Other/don't know 8% 25% 6% 51% 10% 885