Belief in Hell among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,212. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 57% 6% 3,212
2007 42% 46% 11% 1,845

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 56% 39% 5% 626
Evangelical Protestant 68% 24% 8% 255
Jewish 7% 83% 10% 124
Mainline Protestant 52% 42% 6% 424
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 16% 77% 6% 1,392

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 40% 21% 10% 972
Don't believe 29% 36% 20% 14% 1,973
Other/don't know 29% 33% 20% 18% 211

Generational cohort among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 20% 17% 32% 24% 6% 1% 972
Don't believe 19% 18% 29% 24% 9% 1% 1,973
Other/don't know 16% 16% 29% 25% 11% 2% 211

Gender composition among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 47% 986
Don't believe 59% 41% 2,004
Other/don't know 58% 42% 222

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 978. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 10% 6% 31% 4% 978
Don't believe 69% 5% 8% 16% 4% 1,976
Other/don't know 61% 9% 8% 19% 4% 215

Immigrant status among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 971. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 12% 57% 971
Don't believe 23% 13% 64% 1,978
Other/don't know 27% 13% 60% 214

Income distribution among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 859. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 22% 20% 15% 859
Don't believe 25% 17% 29% 29% 1,820
Other/don't know 33% 15% 18% 34% 183

Educational distribution among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 977. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 24% 16% 10% 977
Don't believe 25% 27% 26% 22% 1,991
Other/don't know 33% 24% 23% 19% 220

Marital status among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 983. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 8% 14% 3% 35% 983
Don't believe 46% 10% 9% 3% 31% 1,989
Other/don't know 47% 10% 10% 6% 27% 217

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 981. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 66% 981
Don't believe 27% 73% 2,000
Other/don't know 21% 79% 218

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 34% 7% 1% 3% 1% 986
Don't believe 19% 21% 11% < 1% 45% 4% 2,004
Other/don't know 35% 29% 11% 1% 10% 14% 222

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 38% 11% 5% < 1% 986
Don't believe 14% 21% 21% 44% < 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 28% 26% 25% 18% 3% 222

Attendance at religious services among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 43% 31% < 1% 986
Don't believe 9% 30% 61% < 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 17% 32% 47% 3% 222

Frequency of prayer among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 24% 7% 23% 1% 986
Don't believe 17% 11% 7% 64% < 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 34% 14% 8% 42% 3% 222

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 12% 10% 60% < 1% 986
Don't believe 5% 3% 5% 87% < 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 11% 6% 6% 74% 3% 222

Frequency of meditation among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 11% 4% 50% 1% 986
Don't believe 26% 10% 6% 57% 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 32% 8% 6% 48% 6% 222

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 17% 14% 18% 2% 986
Don't believe 39% 16% 12% 31% 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 48% 12% 12% 25% 3% 222

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 16% 16% 26% 1% 986
Don't believe 50% 17% 13% 19% < 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 56% 10% 11% 17% 5% 222

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 72% 1% 1% 986
Don't believe 18% 81% < 1% 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 23% 72% 1% 3% 222

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 13% 11% 52% 1% 986
Don't believe 7% 5% 7% 80% < 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 15% 4% 13% 64% 4% 222

Interpreting scripture among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 31% 1% 30% 6% 986
Don't believe 5% 8% < 1% 82% 5% 2,004
Other/don't know 11% 13% 2% 52% 22% 222

Belief in Heaven among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 93% 4% 2% 986
Don't believe 22% 74% 3% 2,004
Other/don't know 37% 4% 60% 222

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 20% 49% 986
Don't believe 18% 16% 66% 2,004
Other/don't know 27% 19% 54% 222

Political ideology among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 33% 29% 5% 986
Don't believe 14% 35% 48% 3% 2,004
Other/don't know 27% 33% 27% 12% 222

Views about size of government among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 61% 1% 2% 986
Don't believe 41% 53% 3% 3% 2,004
Other/don't know 36% 47% 10% 6% 222

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 53% 2% 2% 986
Don't believe 28% 68% 3% 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 36% 55% 4% 5% 222

Views about abortion among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 41% 4% 986
Don't believe 81% 16% 3% 2,004
Other/don't know 64% 28% 8% 222

Views about homosexuality among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 70% 25% 2% 3% 986
Don't believe 89% 8% 2% 2% 2,004
Other/don't know 74% 18% 4% 3% 222

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 33% 7% 986
Don't believe 85% 12% 3% 2,004
Other/don't know 66% 24% 10% 222

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 59% 2% 2% 986
Don't believe 19% 78% 1% 2% 2,004
Other/don't know 30% 63% 3% 3% 222

Views about human evolution among adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by belief in hell

% of adults who say science is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 25% 2% 28% 3% 986
Don't believe 76% 10% 3% 9% 1% 2,004
Other/don't know 58% 15% 6% 17% 4% 222