Belief in Hell among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 13,702. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 17% 7% 13,702

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by religious group

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 72% 21% 7% 2,547
Evangelical Protestant 87% 7% 6% 5,738
Historically Black Protestant 88% 7% 5% 994
Jehovah's Witness 5% 91% 4% 188
Jewish 59% 34% 7% 119
Mainline Protestant 73% 17% 10% 2,103
Mormon 66% 28% 6% 468
Muslim 87% 11% 2% 117
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 50% 41% 9% 1,117

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 10,067. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 33% 30% 22% 10,067
Don't believe 14% 30% 29% 27% 2,317
Other/don't know 6% 29% 32% 32% 1,011

Generational cohort among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 10,067. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 11% 28% 36% 15% 1% 10,067
Don't believe 8% 11% 25% 36% 18% 3% 2,317
Other/don't know 3% 8% 25% 38% 22% 4% 1,011

Gender composition among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 49% 10,279
Don't believe 58% 42% 2,364
Other/don't know 51% 49% 1,059

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 10,153. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 15% 2% 13% 3% 10,153
Don't believe 62% 11% 4% 19% 4% 2,322
Other/don't know 70% 11% 4% 11% 4% 1,033

Immigrant status among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 10,138. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 7% 80% 10,138
Don't believe 20% 10% 70% 2,331
Other/don't know 15% 7% 78% 1,043

Income distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 8,898. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 22% 27% 14% 8,898
Don't believe 37% 22% 24% 17% 2,050
Other/don't know 39% 16% 26% 19% 814

Educational distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 10,212. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 32% 13% 7% 10,212
Don't believe 51% 28% 13% 9% 2,347
Other/don't know 47% 27% 16% 9% 1,052

Marital status among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 10,243. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 4% 14% 9% 18% 10,243
Don't believe 53% 6% 14% 8% 18% 2,352
Other/don't know 60% 3% 13% 11% 12% 1,046

Parent of children under 18 among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 10,243. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 70% 10,243
Don't believe 27% 73% 2,354
Other/don't know 25% 75% 1,047

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 88% 10% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 10,279
Don't believe 61% 20% 7% 1% 9% 2% 2,364
Other/don't know 73% 17% 4% 2% 1% 3% 1,059

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 82% 14% 2% 1% < 1% 10,279
Don't believe 53% 24% 12% 11% 1% 2,364
Other/don't know 69% 20% 6% 3% 2% 1,059

Attendance at religious services among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 26% 12% < 1% 10,279
Don't believe 37% 30% 32% < 1% 2,364
Other/don't know 50% 27% 21% 2% 1,059

Frequency of prayer among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 79% 12% 3% 5% 1% 10,279
Don't believe 54% 14% 6% 25% 1% 2,364
Other/don't know 67% 14% 4% 13% 3% 1,059

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 13% 9% 32% 1% 10,279
Don't believe 29% 7% 8% 56% 1% 2,364
Other/don't know 35% 8% 7% 48% 2% 1,059

Frequency of meditation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 7% 3% 37% 2% 10,279
Don't believe 44% 7% 5% 42% 2% 2,364
Other/don't know 45% 7% 4% 39% 5% 1,059

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 73% 12% 6% 8% 1% 10,279
Don't believe 56% 12% 9% 21% 1% 2,364
Other/don't know 64% 10% 7% 16% 2% 1,059

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 16% 11% 26% 2% 10,279
Don't believe 45% 13% 12% 28% 2% 2,364
Other/don't know 43% 15% 14% 24% 4% 1,059

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 4% 30% 4% 2% 10,279
Don't believe 36% 8% 45% 9% 2% 2,364
Other/don't know 48% 6% 36% 5% 5% 1,059

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 48% 1% 1% 10,279
Don't believe 37% 60% 1% 2% 2,364
Other/don't know 46% 51% 2% 2% 1,059

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 11% 7% 20% 1% 10,279
Don't believe 37% 8% 6% 47% 1% 2,364
Other/don't know 50% 11% 6% 31% 2% 1,059

Interpreting scripture among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 28% 4% 6% 4% 10,279
Don't believe 29% 28% 2% 35% 7% 2,364
Other/don't know 39% 25% 7% 14% 14% 1,059

Belief in Heaven among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 94% 2% 3% 10,279
Don't believe 55% 39% 6% 2,364
Other/don't know 54% 4% 42% 1,059

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 14% 31% 10,279
Don't believe 45% 25% 30% 2,364
Other/don't know 53% 22% 25% 1,059

Political ideology among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 25% 11% 5% 10,279
Don't believe 44% 29% 15% 11% 2,364
Other/don't know 59% 22% 9% 10% 1,059

Views about size of government among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 34% 2% 3% 10,279
Don't believe 62% 33% 2% 4% 2,364
Other/don't know 65% 24% 5% 6% 1,059

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 37% 4% 2% 10,279
Don't believe 55% 40% 3% 2% 2,364
Other/don't know 56% 32% 6% 6% 1,059

Views about abortion among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 70% 3% 10,279
Don't believe 42% 54% 4% 2,364
Other/don't know 28% 63% 9% 1,059

Views about homosexuality among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 72% 4% 3% 10,279
Don't believe 32% 61% 4% 3% 2,364
Other/don't know 24% 62% 7% 7% 1,059

Views about environmental regulation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 43% 2% 3% 10,279
Don't believe 47% 46% 3% 4% 2,364
Other/don't know 52% 35% 5% 8% 1,059

Views about human evolution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by belief in hell

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,279. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 11% 24% 2% 57% 5% 10,279
Don't believe 27% 21% 3% 44% 5% 2,364
Other/don't know 13% 20% 7% 48% 12% 1,059