Religious composition of adults who do not believe in Hell

  • Christian 45%
  • Evangelical Protestant 8%
    • Baptist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
      • Southern Baptist Convention 1%
      • Independent Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Missionary Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Conservative Baptist Association of America < 1%
      • Free Will Baptist < 1%
      • General Association of Regular Baptist Churches < 1%
      • Other Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Methodist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Nondenominational evangelical < 1%
      • Nondenominational fundamentalist < 1%
      • Nondenominational charismatic < 1%
      • Nondenominational Christian (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Interdenominational (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Community Church (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Nondenominational (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Lutheran Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 1%
      • Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod < 1%
      • Other Lutheran (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Presbyterian Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Presbyterian Church in America < 1%
      • Other Presbyterian (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Pentecostal Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Assemblies of God < 1%
      • Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) < 1%
      • Foursquare Church < 1%
      • Pentecostal Church of God < 1%
      • Pentecostal Holiness Church < 1%
      • Calvary Chapel < 1%
      • Apostolic Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Nondenominational Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Church of God of the Apostolic Faith < 1%
      • Other Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Episcopalian/Anglican Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Restorationist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Churches of Christ < 1%
      • Christian Churches and Churches of Christ < 1%
      • Other Restorationist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Congregationalist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Conservative Congregational Christian Conference < 1%
      • Other Congregationalist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Holiness Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Church of the Nazarene < 1%
      • Wesleyan Church < 1%
      • Free Methodist Church < 1%
      • Christian and Missionary Alliance < 1%
      • Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) < 1%
      • Other Holiness (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Reformed Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Christian Reformed Church < 1%
      • Other Reformed (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Adventist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Seventh-day Adventist 1%
      • Other Adventist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Anabaptist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Pietist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Other evangelical/fundamentalist family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
  • Mainline Protestant 13%
  • Historically Black Protestant 2%
    • Baptist Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 2%
      • National Baptist Convention < 1%
      • Progressive Baptist Convention < 1%
      • Independent Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • Missionary Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
    • Methodist Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • African Methodist Episcopal Church < 1%
      • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church < 1%
      • Christian Methodist Episcopal Church < 1%
      • Other Methodist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Pentecostal Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • Church of God in Christ < 1%
      • Apostolic Pentecostal (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • United Pentecostal Church International < 1%
      • Other Pentecostal (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Holiness Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
  • Catholic 17%
  • Mormon 1%
  • Orthodox Christian < 1%
    • Greek Orthodox < 1%
    • Russian Orthodox < 1%
    • Orthodox Church in America < 1%
    • Other Orthodox Christian < 1%
  • Jehovah's Witness 2%
  • Other Christian 1%
    • Metaphysical Family < 1%
      • Spiritualist < 1%
      • Unity Church < 1%
      • Other Metaphysical Christian ("Other Christian" Trad.) < 1%
    • Others in the "Other Christian" Tradition < 1%

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 12,601. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 34% 24% 17% 12,601
2007 20% 38% 26% 16% 10,725

Learn More: age distribution, 18-29, 30-49, 50-64, 65+

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 12,601. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 16% 16% 27% 29% 11% 1% 12,601
2007 < 1% 15% 29% 36% 16% 4% 10,725

Learn More: generational cohort, Younger Millennial, Older Millennial, Generation X, Baby Boomer, Silent, Greatest

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 49% 12,839
2007 51% 49% 10,938

Learn More: gender composition, Men, Women

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 12,652. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 71% 7% 5% 14% 4% 12,652
2007 76% 6% 3% 12% 3% 10,788

Learn More: racial and ethnic composition, White, Black, Asian, Latino, Other/Mixed

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 12,709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 16% 12% 72% 12,709
2007 14% 10% 76% 10,851

Learn More: immigrant status, Immigrants, Second generation, Third generation or higher

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 11,423. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 19% 28% 24% 11,423
2007 25% 20% 32% 23% 9,279

Learn More: income distribution, Less than $30,000, $30,000-$49,999, $50,000-$99,999, $100,000 or more

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 12,778. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 30% 21% 16% 12,778

Learn More: educational distribution, High school or less, Some college, College, Post-graduate degree

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 12,784. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 9% 12% 5% 27% 12,784
2007 53% 8% 12% 7% 21% 10,883

Learn More: marital status, Married, Living with a partner, Divorced/separated, Widowed, Never married

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 12,804. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 74% 12,804
2007 32% 68% 10,910

Learn More: parent of children under 18, Parents, Non-parents

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 24% 10% 1% 25% 4% 12,839
2007 48% 25% 8% 1% 14% 5% 10,938

Learn More: belief in God, Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 26% 19% 26% 1% 12,839
2007 32% 31% 18% 19% 1% 10,938

Learn More: importance of religion in one's life, Very important, Somewhat important, Not too important, Not at all important

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 18% 32% 49% < 1% 12,839
2007 21% 34% 45% < 1% 10,938

Learn More: attendance at religious services, At least once a week, Once or twice a month/a few times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 14% 7% 46% 1% 12,839
2007 38% 16% 7% 37% 1% 10,938

Learn More: frequency of prayer, At least daily, Weekly, Monthly, Seldom/never

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 5% 6% 77% < 1% 12,839
2007 11% 6% 6% 77% 1% 10,938

Learn More: frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups, At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 10% 5% 49% 1% 12,839
2007 35% 8% 5% 50% 2% 10,938

Learn More: frequency of meditation, At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 16% 11% 24% 1% 12,839
2007 44% 14% 13% 27% 3% 10,938

Learn More: frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing, At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 16% 13% 22% 1% 12,839
2007 41% 14% 15% 27% 2% 10,938

Learn More: frequency of feeling wonder about the universe, At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 14% 17% 52% 15% 2% 12,839
2007 12% 16% 60% 9% 3% 10,938

Learn More: sources of guidance on right and wrong, Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 75% 1% 1% 12,839

Learn More: belief in absolute standards for right and wrong, There are clear standards for what is right and wrong, Right or wrong depends on the situation

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 8% 8% 67% 1% 12,839
2007 17% 8% 8% 66% 1% 10,938

Learn More: frequency of reading scripture, At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 11% 18% 1% 64% 7% 12,839
2007 11% 21% 1% 56% 10% 10,938

Learn More: interpreting scripture, Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 57% 5% 12,839
2007 42% 51% 7% 10,938

Learn More: belief in Heaven, Believe, Don't believe

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 19% 54% 12,839
2007 26% 18% 55% 10,938

Learn More: party affiliation, Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 35% 38% 6% 12,839
2007 24% 39% 31% 6% 10,938

Learn More: political ideology, Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 45% 3% 4% 12,839
2007 44% 45% 5% 6% 10,938

Learn More: views about size of government, Smaller government; fewer services, Bigger government; more services

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 59% 3% 2% 12,839

Learn More: views about government aid to the poor, Does more harm than good, Does more good than harm

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 72% 24% 4% 12,839
2007 70% 24% 5% 10,938

Learn More: views about abortion, Legal in all/most cases, Illegal in all/most cases

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 80% 15% 3% 2% 12,839
2007 70% 22% 5% 4% 10,938

Learn More: views about homosexuality, Should be accepted, Should be discouraged

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 75% 19% 6% 12,839

Learn More: views about same-sex marriage, Strongly favor/favor, Oppose/strongly oppose

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 27% 68% 2% 3% 12,839
2007 24% 70% 3% 4% 10,938

Learn More: views about environmental regulation, Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy, Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 18% 4% 19% 3% 12,839

Learn More: views about human evolution, Evolved; due to natural processes, Evolved; due to God's design, Always existed in present form