DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who are ages…

Parent of children under 18 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 5,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 15% 68% 15% 2% 5,940
Non-parents 18% 18% 35% 29% 18,527

Generational cohort among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who are…

Parent of children under 18 Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 5,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 5% 22% 57% 15% 1% < 1% 5,940
Non-parents 13% 8% 15% 43% 19% 2% 18,527

Gender composition among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who are…

Parent of children under 18 Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 41% 59% 6,025
Non-parents 47% 53% 18,926

Racial and ethnic composition among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 5,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 59% 13% 2% 23% 3% 5,972
Non-parents 69% 13% 2% 13% 3% 18,683

Immigrant status among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who are…

Parent of children under 18 Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 5,962. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 20% 8% 72% 5,962
Non-parents 11% 9% 79% 18,703

Income distribution among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who have a household income of…

Parent of children under 18 Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 5,541. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 32% 19% 28% 20% 5,541
Non-parents 37% 21% 26% 16% 16,036

Educational distribution among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who have completed…

Parent of children under 18 High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 6,001. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 38% 33% 18% 11% 6,001
Non-parents 46% 31% 15% 9% 18,819

Marital status among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who are…

Parent of children under 18 Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 6,014. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 68% 8% 12% 2% 11% 6,014
Non-parents 45% 5% 14% 11% 25% 18,844

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say they…

Parent of children under 18 Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 76% 19% 3% 1% 1% 1% 6,025
Non-parents 76% 18% 3% 1% 1% 1% 18,926

Importance of religion in one's life among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say religion is…

Parent of children under 18 Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 69% 25% 4% 1% < 1% 6,025
Non-parents 67% 25% 6% 2% 1% 18,926

Attendance at religious services among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who attend religious services…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 49% 37% 14% < 1% 6,025
Non-parents 47% 35% 18% 1% 18,926

Frequency of prayer among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who pray…

Parent of children under 18 At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 70% 17% 5% 7% < 1% 6,025
Non-parents 67% 17% 5% 10% 1% 18,926

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who attend prayer group…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 33% 13% 10% 43% < 1% 6,025
Non-parents 31% 10% 9% 49% 1% 18,926

Frequency of meditation among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who meditate…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 42% 8% 4% 45% 1% 6,025
Non-parents 46% 8% 4% 40% 2% 18,926

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 64% 16% 9% 10% 1% 6,025
Non-parents 66% 14% 8% 11% 1% 18,926

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 42% 17% 14% 26% 1% 6,025
Non-parents 46% 15% 12% 24% 2% 18,926

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Parent of children under 18 Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 44% 8% 40% 7% 2% 6,025
Non-parents 43% 8% 41% 6% 3% 18,926

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say…

Parent of children under 18 There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 40% 58% 1% 1% 6,025
Non-parents 38% 59% 2% 1% 18,926

Frequency of reading scripture among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who read scripture…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 46% 13% 9% 31% < 1% 6,025
Non-parents 44% 12% 9% 34% 1% 18,926

Interpreting scripture among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say the holy scripture is…

Parent of children under 18 Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 40% 34% 3% 17% 6% 6,025
Non-parents 39% 32% 3% 19% 7% 18,926

Belief in Heaven among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who …in heaven

Parent of children under 18 Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 86% 8% 6% 6,025
Non-parents 85% 9% 6% 18,926

Belief in Hell among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who …in hell

Parent of children under 18 Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 73% 20% 7% 6,025
Non-parents 69% 23% 8% 18,926

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 43% 19% 38% 6,025
Non-parents 43% 16% 41% 18,926

Political ideology among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who are…

Parent of children under 18 Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 43% 32% 19% 6% 6,025
Non-parents 44% 32% 18% 6% 18,926

Views about size of government among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who would rather have…

Parent of children under 18 Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 52% 43% 3% 3% 6,025
Non-parents 55% 38% 3% 4% 18,926

Views about government aid to the poor among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say government aid to the poor…

Parent of children under 18 Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 50% 45% 4% 1% 6,025
Non-parents 48% 46% 4% 2% 18,926

Views about abortion among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say abortion should be…

Parent of children under 18 Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 42% 54% 3% 6,025
Non-parents 46% 49% 5% 18,926

Views about homosexuality among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say homosexuality…

Parent of children under 18 Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 55% 37% 4% 4% 6,025
Non-parents 53% 39% 5% 4% 18,926

Views about same-sex marriage among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who …same-sex marriage

Parent of children under 18 Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 45% 47% 8% 6,025
Non-parents 43% 49% 8% 18,926

Views about environmental regulation among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say…

Parent of children under 18 Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 42% 53% 2% 3% 6,025
Non-parents 43% 51% 2% 4% 18,926

Views about human evolution among Christians by parental status

% of Christians who say humans…

Parent of children under 18 Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 22% 29% 3% 42% 4% 6,025
Non-parents 21% 29% 4% 42% 5% 18,926