Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Religious tradition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 150. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 15% 27% 33% 26% 150
Catholic 48% 20% 19% 13% 703
Evangelical Protestant 35% 39% 17% 9% 499
Jewish 15% 14% 34% 37% 460
Mainline Protestant 23% 24% 27% 26% 856
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 28% 32% 24% 16% 4,418

Learn More: High school or less, Some college, College, Post-graduate degree

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Educational distribution 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,532. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 33% 30% 22% 15% 1,532
Some college 37% 31% 20% 11% 1,747
College 24% 38% 23% 14% 2,521
Post-graduate degree 10% 44% 26% 20% 2,036

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Educational distribution Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,532. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 25% 14% 24% 25% 10% 2% 1,532
Some college 25% 21% 23% 24% 7% 1% 1,747
College 10% 23% 29% 28% 8% 1% 2,521
Post-graduate degree 1% 17% 35% 33% 12% 1% 2,036

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Educational distribution Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 64% 36% 1,549
Some college 59% 41% 1,765
College 55% 45% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 52% 48% 2,070

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Educational distribution White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,533. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 62% 7% 4% 24% 3% 1,533
Some college 72% 7% 5% 12% 5% 1,735
College 78% 4% 7% 7% 3% 2,512
Post-graduate degree 79% 3% 10% 5% 3% 2,038

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Educational distribution Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,528. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 21% 12% 67% 1,528
Some college 11% 14% 74% 1,747
College 14% 13% 73% 2,539
Post-graduate degree 20% 11% 69% 2,049

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Educational distribution Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,361. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 42% 23% 22% 13% 1,361
Some college 28% 22% 31% 19% 1,606
College 14% 17% 34% 35% 2,330
Post-graduate degree 9% 10% 30% 50% 1,864

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Educational distribution Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,545. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 37% 10% 12% 5% 37% 1,545
Some college 36% 11% 15% 3% 36% 1,760
College 51% 11% 9% 3% 25% 2,539
Post-graduate degree 63% 9% 10% 3% 15% 2,066

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Educational distribution Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 22% 78% 1,546
Some college 23% 77% 1,761
College 26% 74% 2,547
Post-graduate degree 29% 71% 2,063

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Educational distribution Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 27% 19% 12% 1% 37% 4% 1,549
Some college 24% 20% 10% 1% 40% 4% 1,765
College 18% 19% 13% 1% 44% 5% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 18% 22% 14% 1% 40% 6% 2,070

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Educational distribution Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 21% 20% 21% 37% < 1% 1,549
Some college 16% 17% 24% 41% 1% 1,765
College 13% 19% 26% 41% 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 15% 22% 25% 38% < 1% 2,070

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 14% 24% 63% < 1% 1,549
Some college 10% 24% 65% < 1% 1,765
College 10% 28% 62% < 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 11% 31% 58% < 1% 2,070

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Educational distribution At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 23% 10% 5% 62% < 1% 1,549
Some college 22% 9% 5% 64% 1% 1,765
College 18% 9% 6% 67% < 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 19% 10% 7% 63% 1% 2,070

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 11% 3% 5% 81% < 1% 1,549
Some college 8% 4% 3% 84% < 1% 1,765
College 6% 3% 5% 86% < 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 7% 3% 5% 84% < 1% 2,070

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 30% 7% 4% 58% 1% 1,549
Some college 32% 12% 5% 50% 1% 1,765
College 31% 11% 7% 51% 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 32% 12% 7% 47% 1% 2,070

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 39% 12% 8% 39% 2% 1,549
Some college 44% 17% 8% 30% 1% 1,765
College 43% 17% 13% 25% 2% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 43% 17% 15% 24% 2% 2,070

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 45% 13% 11% 30% 1% 1,549
Some college 53% 17% 11% 18% 1% 1,765
College 52% 17% 16% 15% < 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 49% 19% 17% 14% 1% 2,070

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Educational distribution Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 13% 13% 58% 15% 1% 1,549
Some college 9% 19% 53% 17% 2% 1,765
College 7% 22% 48% 21% 2% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 7% 25% 41% 25% 3% 2,070

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Educational distribution There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 25% 73% 1% 1% 1,549
Some college 22% 76% 2% 1% 1,765
College 19% 79% 1% 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 19% 79% 2% 1% 2,070

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 15% 6% 6% 73% < 1% 1,549
Some college 13% 5% 7% 75% 1% 1,765
College 9% 5% 7% 79% < 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 9% 6% 8% 77% < 1% 2,070

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Educational distribution Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 12% 12% 1% 70% 5% 1,549
Some college 7% 8% < 1% 79% 6% 1,765
College 4% 5% < 1% 87% 4% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 2% 5% 1% 87% 5% 2,070

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Educational distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 10% 88% 2% 1,549
Some college 7% 91% 2% 1,765
College 4% 95% 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 3% 96% 1% 2,070

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Educational distribution Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 29% 28% 43% 1,549
Some college 25% 19% 56% 1,765
College 19% 13% 68% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 18% 9% 73% 2,070

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Educational distribution Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 25% 34% 32% 9% 1,549
Some college 19% 34% 41% 6% 1,765
College 13% 33% 50% 3% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 10% 31% 57% 2% 2,070

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Educational distribution Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 50% 44% 3% 3% 1,549
Some college 53% 40% 4% 3% 1,765
College 43% 50% 4% 4% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 39% 55% 3% 3% 2,070

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Educational distribution Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 43% 52% 4% 2% 1,549
Some college 35% 60% 3% 1% 1,765
College 28% 67% 3% 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 23% 73% 3% 1% 2,070

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Educational distribution Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 66% 30% 3% 1,549
Some college 76% 21% 4% 1,765
College 85% 12% 2% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 87% 11% 2% 2,070

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Educational distribution Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 73% 21% 3% 3% 1,549
Some college 83% 12% 3% 2% 1,765
College 89% 8% 2% 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 91% 7% 2% 1% 2,070

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Educational distribution Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 67% 26% 7% 1,549
Some college 79% 16% 5% 1,765
College 88% 9% 3% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 88% 9% 3% 2,070

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Educational distribution Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 34% 60% 2% 3% 1,549
Some college 24% 71% 2% 2% 1,765
College 17% 80% 2% 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 15% 82% 2% 1% 2,070

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by educational group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Educational distribution Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 57% 14% 3% 24% 3% 1,549
Some college 68% 12% 4% 15% 1% 1,765
College 80% 8% 3% 8% 1% 2,551
Post-graduate degree 82% 7% 4% 6% 1% 2,070