Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Religious tradition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 47% 29% 16% 8% 4,455
Evangelical Protestant 45% 35% 14% 6% 6,938
Historically Black Protestant 51% 34% 9% 5% 1,548
Jewish 34% 33% 17% 17% 144
Mainline Protestant 41% 33% 17% 9% 3,310
Mormon 28% 41% 22% 9% 380
Muslim 38% 27% 22% 13% 173
Orthodox Christian 25% 36% 23% 15% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 56% 32% 9% 4% 1,688

Learn More: High school or less, Some college, College, Post-graduate degree

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Educational distribution 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 6,761. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 21% 30% 28% 21% 6,761
Some college 26% 35% 26% 14% 5,652
College 18% 42% 27% 13% 4,127
Post-graduate degree 9% 45% 28% 18% 2,223

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Educational distribution Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 6,761. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 15% 11% 26% 33% 14% 1% 6,761
Some college 17% 16% 28% 30% 9% 1% 5,652
College 7% 19% 34% 32% 8% 1% 4,127
Post-graduate degree 2% 16% 36% 34% 11% 1% 2,223

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Educational distribution Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 50% 50% 6,825
Some college 44% 56% 5,738
College 46% 54% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 49% 51% 2,283

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Educational distribution White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 6,771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 58% 16% 2% 21% 3% 6,771
Some college 66% 15% 2% 12% 5% 5,670
College 71% 11% 6% 9% 3% 4,163
Post-graduate degree 71% 13% 7% 6% 3% 2,247

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Educational distribution Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 6,696. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 18% 8% 74% 6,696
Some college 9% 10% 81% 5,683
College 13% 9% 78% 4,188
Post-graduate degree 14% 10% 76% 2,256

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Educational distribution Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 5,796. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 54% 21% 18% 7% 5,796
Some college 33% 24% 30% 13% 5,049
College 14% 19% 36% 31% 3,757
Post-graduate degree 9% 12% 35% 44% 2,012

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Educational distribution Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 6,801. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 43% 7% 15% 9% 26% 6,801
Some college 48% 7% 14% 5% 25% 5,720
College 63% 4% 10% 3% 19% 4,201
Post-graduate degree 68% 4% 8% 4% 16% 2,275

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Educational distribution Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 6,807. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 28% 72% 6,807
Some college 33% 67% 5,725
College 37% 63% 4,203
Post-graduate degree 36% 64% 2,268

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Educational distribution Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 76% 19% 3% 1% 1% 1% 6,825
Some college 81% 15% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 5,738
College 81% 15% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 81% 15% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 2,283

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Educational distribution Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 68% 24% 5% 3% < 1% 6,825
Some college 68% 24% 6% 2% < 1% 5,738
College 68% 24% 6% 2% < 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 71% 21% 6% 2% < 1% 2,283

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 43% 34% 22% 1% 6,825
Some college 45% 36% 18% < 1% 5,738
College 54% 32% 13% < 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 57% 30% 13% 1% 2,283

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Educational distribution At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 66% 17% 6% 11% 1% 6,825
Some college 69% 17% 5% 9% < 1% 5,738
College 71% 17% 4% 8% < 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 72% 15% 5% 7% 1% 2,283

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 32% 12% 9% 46% 1% 6,825
Some college 31% 12% 10% 46% 1% 5,738
College 34% 11% 11% 44% < 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 33% 12% 12% 43% < 1% 2,283

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 43% 8% 3% 44% 2% 6,825
Some college 43% 8% 3% 44% 1% 5,738
College 44% 8% 4% 43% 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 49% 8% 3% 38% 2% 2,283

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 63% 14% 9% 14% 1% 6,825
Some college 67% 15% 8% 9% 1% 5,738
College 67% 16% 9% 7% 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 68% 15% 9% 7% 1% 2,283

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 42% 14% 11% 30% 2% 6,825
Some college 45% 17% 13% 24% 1% 5,738
College 44% 19% 14% 22% 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 46% 19% 16% 18% 1% 2,283

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Educational distribution Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 43% 6% 43% 6% 2% 6,825
Some college 46% 7% 40% 4% 2% 5,738
College 48% 8% 35% 7% 2% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 49% 10% 31% 8% 2% 2,283

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Educational distribution There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 34% 63% 1% 2% 6,825
Some college 42% 56% 2% < 1% 5,738
College 47% 52% 1% < 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 47% 51% 2% < 1% 2,283

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 45% 12% 8% 34% 1% 6,825
Some college 47% 12% 9% 31% 1% 5,738
College 48% 11% 9% 32% < 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 48% 12% 11% 29% < 1% 2,283

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Educational distribution Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 52% 26% 3% 13% 5% 6,825
Some college 40% 34% 3% 16% 7% 5,738
College 33% 41% 3% 18% 5% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 28% 45% 3% 18% 6% 2,283

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Educational distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 95% 2% 3% 6,825
Some college 95% 2% 2% 5,738
College 94% 3% 3% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 95% 3% 3% 2,283

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Educational distribution Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 38% 20% 42% 6,825
Some college 46% 15% 39% 5,738
College 56% 12% 32% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 50% 12% 38% 2,283

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Educational distribution Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 44% 29% 19% 8% 6,825
Some college 45% 33% 16% 6% 5,738
College 50% 34% 14% 2% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 42% 39% 16% 3% 2,283

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Educational distribution Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 45% 49% 2% 4% 6,825
Some college 58% 36% 3% 3% 5,738
College 67% 29% 2% 2% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 63% 33% 2% 2% 2,283

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Educational distribution Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 46% 48% 4% 2% 6,825
Some college 52% 43% 4% 1% 5,738
College 57% 38% 4% 1% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 49% 46% 4% 1% 2,283

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Educational distribution Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 39% 56% 4% 6,825
Some college 44% 52% 4% 5,738
College 44% 53% 3% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 47% 50% 3% 2,283

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Educational distribution Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 49% 44% 4% 4% 6,825
Some college 52% 40% 4% 3% 5,738
College 54% 39% 4% 3% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 55% 37% 5% 3% 2,283

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Educational distribution Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 37% 54% 9% 6,825
Some college 43% 50% 7% 5,738
College 45% 49% 6% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 47% 47% 6% 2,283

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Educational distribution Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 46% 48% 2% 4% 6,825
Some college 43% 53% 2% 2% 5,738
College 42% 54% 2% 2% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 37% 60% 2% 2% 2,283

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by educational group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Educational distribution Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 19% 26% 3% 46% 6% 6,825
Some college 17% 32% 3% 44% 3% 5,738
College 21% 31% 3% 41% 3% 4,216
Post-graduate degree 21% 36% 4% 36% 3% 2,283