Educational distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Religious tradition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 37% 27% 21% 15% 732
Evangelical Protestant 39% 36% 16% 9% 408
Historically Black Protestant 51% 33% 11% 4% 111
Jewish 15% 17% 31% 36% 144
Mainline Protestant 22% 33% 25% 20% 646
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 27% 35% 23% 16% 1,393

Learn More: High school or less, Some college, College, Post-graduate degree

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Educational distribution 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 748. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 42% 26% 20% 12% 748
Some college 43% 31% 19% 8% 892
College 25% 39% 23% 13% 1,203
Post-graduate degree 9% 44% 28% 18% 972

Generational cohort among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Educational distribution Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 748. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 32% 15% 22% 22% 9% 1% 748
Some college 30% 21% 22% 21% 5% < 1% 892
College 11% 22% 30% 27% 8% 1% 1,203
Post-graduate degree 2% 14% 38% 35% 11% 1% 972

Gender composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Educational distribution Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 59% 41% 757
Some college 53% 47% 902
College 53% 47% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 50% 50% 989

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Educational distribution White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 750. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 54% 11% 4% 27% 4% 750
Some college 65% 10% 5% 15% 5% 889
College 78% 6% 6% 8% 3% 1,207
Post-graduate degree 78% 3% 10% 6% 3% 975

Immigrant status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Educational distribution Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 739. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 22% 13% 65% 739
Some college 11% 16% 73% 894
College 14% 11% 75% 1,212
Post-graduate degree 17% 14% 69% 982

Income distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Educational distribution Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 649. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 53% 21% 15% 11% 649
Some college 33% 21% 30% 16% 824
College 16% 16% 35% 33% 1,112
Post-graduate degree 9% 10% 30% 52% 896

Marital status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Educational distribution Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 30% 7% 13% 5% 44% 754
Some college 32% 13% 13% 3% 39% 900
College 50% 10% 11% 3% 26% 1,211
Post-graduate degree 62% 7% 12% 4% 15% 989

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Educational distribution Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 755. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 23% 77% 755
Some college 24% 76% 901
College 28% 72% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 29% 71% 986

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Educational distribution Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 48% 28% 10% 1% 11% 2% 757
Some college 44% 24% 11% 1% 15% 5% 902
College 39% 25% 10% < 1% 22% 4% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 32% 28% 11% 1% 24% 5% 989

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Educational distribution Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 39% 29% 17% 14% 1% 757
Some college 27% 34% 18% 20% 1% 902
College 27% 32% 20% 20% 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 28% 29% 19% 24% < 1% 989

Attendance at religious services among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 22% 35% 42% 1% 757
Some college 15% 40% 45% < 1% 902
College 18% 39% 43% < 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 20% 37% 42% < 1% 989

Frequency of prayer among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Educational distribution At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 41% 19% 9% 30% 1% 757
Some college 37% 19% 8% 36% < 1% 902
College 35% 18% 7% 39% 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 32% 18% 7% 42% < 1% 989

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 17% 11% 8% 63% < 1% 757
Some college 9% 8% 7% 75% < 1% 902
College 9% 7% 9% 75% < 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 9% 5% 9% 77% < 1% 989

Frequency of meditation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 38% 10% 4% 46% 2% 757
Some college 39% 12% 5% 44% 1% 902
College 40% 11% 7% 42% < 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 44% 12% 7% 36% 1% 989

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 52% 15% 9% 22% 1% 757
Some college 49% 22% 10% 18% 1% 902
College 50% 20% 11% 18% 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 51% 19% 14% 16% 1% 989

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 53% 13% 10% 23% 1% 757
Some college 59% 16% 11% 13% 1% 902
College 57% 17% 14% 12% < 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 54% 21% 13% 12% 1% 989

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Educational distribution There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 22% 76% 1% 1% 757
Some college 24% 73% 2% < 1% 902
College 25% 73% 1% 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 22% 75% 2% < 1% 989

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Educational distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 26% 12% 9% 53% < 1% 757
Some college 20% 11% 9% 59% 1% 902
College 15% 11% 12% 62% 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 15% 11% 11% 63% < 1% 989

Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Educational distribution Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 25% 24% 1% 43% 6% 757
Some college 9% 24% 1% 56% 10% 902
College 6% 19% 1% 67% 7% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 4% 19% 1% 71% 6% 989

Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Educational distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 67% 25% 8% 757
Some college 53% 35% 11% 902
College 45% 45% 10% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 40% 52% 8% 989

Belief in Hell among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Educational distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 51% 42% 7% 757
Some college 38% 51% 10% 902
College 29% 63% 8% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 24% 70% 6% 989

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Educational distribution Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 29% 24% 47% 757
Some college 29% 17% 54% 902
College 26% 12% 61% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 23% 8% 69% 989

Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Educational distribution Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 28% 35% 30% 7% 757
Some college 20% 40% 37% 3% 902
College 16% 37% 45% 2% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 14% 34% 50% 2% 989

Views about size of government among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Educational distribution Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 46% 48% 3% 3% 757
Some college 49% 44% 3% 4% 902
College 44% 48% 3% 5% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 43% 52% 4% 2% 989

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Educational distribution Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 39% 56% 4% 1% 757
Some college 36% 59% 4% 2% 902
College 28% 67% 4% 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 23% 73% 3% 1% 989

Views about abortion among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Educational distribution Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 56% 40% 4% 757
Some college 71% 26% 3% 902
College 78% 19% 3% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 80% 18% 2% 989

Views about homosexuality among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Educational distribution Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 75% 19% 4% 2% 757
Some college 84% 12% 3% 1% 902
College 89% 8% 2% 1% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 86% 10% 3% 1% 989

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Educational distribution Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 65% 27% 7% 757
Some college 80% 16% 4% 902
College 84% 12% 4% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 83% 13% 4% 989

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Educational distribution Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 36% 59% 3% 3% 757
Some college 25% 71% 2% 2% 902
College 19% 77% 2% 2% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 16% 81% 2% 1% 989

Views about human evolution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by educational group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Educational distribution Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
High school or less 41% 23% 4% 27% 5% 757
Some college 51% 27% 5% 17% 1% 902
College 61% 24% 5% 8% 2% 1,218
Post-graduate degree 68% 19% 5% 6% 2% 989