Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 8% 4% 4% 83% < 1% 7,973
2007 10% 4% 4% 81% 1% 6,275

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Religious tradition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 17% 12% 9% 61% 1% 151
Catholic 7% 4% 6% 82% < 1% 709
Evangelical Protestant 44% 10% 8% 37% 1% 503
Jewish 8% 8% 10% 74% < 1% 461
Mainline Protestant 11% 6% 7% 75% < 1% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 2% 1% 2% 95% < 1% 4,429

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 641. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 15% 35% 32% 18% 641
Once or twice a month 28% 36% 24% 13% 266
Several times a year 30% 32% 23% 15% 331
Seldom/never 29% 35% 21% 14% 6,592

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 641. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 9% 10% 31% 35% 12% 2% 641
Once or twice a month 17% 18% 29% 28% 7% 2% 266
Several times a year 19% 19% 25% 27% 10% 1% 331
Seldom/never 18% 19% 27% 26% 9% 1% 6,592

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 44% 56% 655
Once or twice a month 44% 56% 277
Several times a year 53% 47% 333
Seldom/never 61% 39% 6,682

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 643. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 61% 13% 4% 18% 4% 643
Once or twice a month 58% 8% 9% 22% 2% 268
Several times a year 56% 10% 10% 18% 6% 326
Seldom/never 74% 4% 6% 12% 4% 6,587

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 650. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 20% 10% 70% 650
Once or twice a month 25% 14% 60% 270
Several times a year 31% 8% 61% 332
Seldom/never 15% 13% 72% 6,615

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 559. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 37% 15% 29% 19% 559
Once or twice a month 29% 22% 30% 19% 244
Several times a year 28% 18% 30% 24% 305
Seldom/never 24% 19% 29% 28% 6,052

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 648. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 38% 29% 17% 15% 648
Once or twice a month 27% 37% 20% 16% 272
Several times a year 33% 20% 27% 20% 332
Seldom/never 29% 30% 24% 18% 6,658

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 653. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 55% 5% 14% 5% 20% 653
Once or twice a month 48% 12% 13% 5% 22% 274
Several times a year 48% 7% 10% 5% 29% 331
Seldom/never 43% 11% 12% 3% 31% 6,657

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 654. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 29% 71% 654
Once or twice a month 32% 68% 275
Several times a year 30% 70% 332
Seldom/never 24% 76% 6,664

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 76% 13% 4% < 1% 5% 2% 655
Once or twice a month 52% 29% 5% 1% 11% 2% 277
Several times a year 44% 24% 13% 1% 15% 3% 333
Seldom/never 15% 20% 13% 1% 46% 5% 6,682

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 81% 11% 3% 4% 1% 655
Once or twice a month 52% 31% 12% 4% 1% 277
Several times a year 38% 39% 12% 10% 1% 333
Seldom/never 7% 19% 27% 46% 1% 6,682

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 75% 15% 9% < 1% 655
Once or twice a month 36% 53% 10% 1% 277
Several times a year 21% 62% 17% 1% 333
Seldom/never 3% 24% 72% < 1% 6,682

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 80% 11% 2% 7% < 1% 655
Once or twice a month 56% 19% 7% 17% 1% 277
Several times a year 40% 20% 11% 28% < 1% 333
Seldom/never 12% 8% 6% 73% < 1% 6,682

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 65% 5% 2% 25% 3% 655
Once or twice a month 49% 15% 5% 29% 1% 277
Several times a year 44% 13% 8% 32% 3% 333
Seldom/never 26% 10% 6% 57% 1% 6,682

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 79% 9% 3% 7% 2% 655
Once or twice a month 62% 18% 9% 10% 1% 277
Several times a year 48% 22% 14% 14% 2% 333
Seldom/never 37% 16% 11% 35% 2% 6,682

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 61% 12% 8% 17% 2% 655
Once or twice a month 57% 16% 12% 13% 2% 277
Several times a year 48% 17% 18% 17% < 1% 333
Seldom/never 48% 16% 14% 21% 1% 6,682

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 55% 11% 24% 7% 4% 655
Once or twice a month 29% 21% 36% 11% 3% 277
Several times a year 16% 21% 41% 19% 3% 333
Seldom/never 3% 20% 55% 21% 2% 6,682

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 48% 48% 2% 1% 655
Once or twice a month 31% 68% 1% < 1% 277
Several times a year 24% 73% 2% 1% 333
Seldom/never 19% 79% 1% 1% 6,682

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 76% 7% 3% 13% 1% 655
Once or twice a month 35% 27% 11% 26% 1% 277
Several times a year 19% 14% 27% 39% < 1% 333
Seldom/never 4% 4% 6% 86% < 1% 6,682

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 42% 25% 3% 24% 6% 655
Once or twice a month 18% 20% 1% 53% 9% 277
Several times a year 14% 17% 3% 59% 7% 333
Seldom/never 2% 6% < 1% 87% 5% 6,682

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 29% 68% 4% 655
Once or twice a month 16% 81% 4% 277
Several times a year 15% 84% 1% 333
Seldom/never 4% 95% 1% 6,682

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 34% 28% 37% 655
Once or twice a month 31% 19% 51% 277
Several times a year 23% 20% 56% 333
Seldom/never 22% 17% 61% 6,682

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 43% 26% 20% 11% 655
Once or twice a month 27% 31% 37% 5% 277
Several times a year 23% 30% 39% 8% 333
Seldom/never 15% 34% 46% 5% 6,682

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 55% 39% 3% 4% 655
Once or twice a month 47% 46% 5% 2% 277
Several times a year 42% 52% 2% 4% 333
Seldom/never 47% 46% 4% 3% 6,682

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 44% 50% 4% 2% 655
Once or twice a month 39% 57% 3% 1% 277
Several times a year 32% 63% 3% 2% 333
Seldom/never 33% 63% 3% 1% 6,682

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 40% 56% 4% 655
Once or twice a month 57% 41% 2% 277
Several times a year 69% 29% 2% 333
Seldom/never 82% 15% 3% 6,682

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 45% 48% 4% 3% 655
Once or twice a month 72% 22% 2% 4% 277
Several times a year 70% 20% 3% 7% 333
Seldom/never 88% 9% 2% 2% 6,682

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 40% 53% 6% 655
Once or twice a month 64% 27% 9% 277
Several times a year 66% 26% 8% 333
Seldom/never 85% 11% 4% 6,682

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 36% 58% 2% 3% 655
Once or twice a month 21% 74% 3% 3% 277
Several times a year 26% 68% 3% 3% 333
Seldom/never 23% 73% 2% 2% 6,682

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 22% 18% 3% 53% 4% 655
Once or twice a month 39% 21% 7% 26% 6% 277
Several times a year 48% 17% 7% 26% 3% 333
Seldom/never 77% 9% 3% 9% 1% 6,682