Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,881. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 11% 8% 8% 72% < 1% 3,881
2007 11% 8% 7% 73% 1% 3,367

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Religious tradition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 15% 12% 8% 65% < 1% 738
Evangelical Protestant 21% 15% 13% 51% 1% 408
Historically Black Protestant 34% 9% 14% 41% 3% 111
Jewish 9% 12% 13% 65% < 1% 144
Mainline Protestant 12% 10% 11% 67% < 1% 647
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 4% 3% 4% 89% < 1% 1,396

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 399. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 30% 31% 21% 18% 399
Once or twice a month 37% 37% 18% 9% 268
Several times a year 32% 34% 24% 10% 318
Seldom/never 33% 34% 22% 11% 2,820

Generational cohort among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 399. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 18% 16% 27% 25% 12% 2% 399
Once or twice a month 25% 17% 31% 20% 6% < 1% 268
Several times a year 20% 17% 29% 28% 6% 1% 318
Seldom/never 22% 19% 25% 26% 7% 1% 2,820

Gender composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 45% 55% 404
Once or twice a month 53% 47% 273
Several times a year 48% 52% 322
Seldom/never 57% 43% 2,862

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 399. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 49% 17% 7% 23% 4% 399
Once or twice a month 53% 11% 5% 27% 4% 267
Several times a year 63% 14% 4% 15% 5% 321
Seldom/never 72% 6% 6% 13% 4% 2,828

Immigrant status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 396. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 25% 10% 66% 396
Once or twice a month 22% 15% 63% 269
Several times a year 19% 8% 72% 318
Seldom/never 13% 15% 72% 2,835

Income distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 354. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 43% 16% 24% 17% 354
Once or twice a month 37% 18% 27% 18% 244
Several times a year 33% 20% 26% 21% 294
Seldom/never 28% 18% 27% 27% 2,581

Educational distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 402. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 44% 26% 17% 13% 402
Once or twice a month 38% 32% 18% 11% 271
Several times a year 29% 27% 26% 18% 322
Seldom/never 26% 33% 23% 18% 2,853

Marital status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 402. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 46% 7% 13% 6% 28% 402
Once or twice a month 40% 9% 12% 4% 35% 273
Several times a year 42% 11% 15% 5% 28% 321
Seldom/never 40% 10% 12% 4% 35% 2,853

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 34% 66% 404
Once or twice a month 34% 66% 272
Several times a year 31% 69% 322
Seldom/never 23% 77% 2,855

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 71% 20% 4% 2% 2% 1% 404
Once or twice a month 63% 24% 5% 1% 4% 3% 273
Several times a year 62% 25% 7% 1% 3% 2% 322
Seldom/never 33% 28% 12% 1% 22% 5% 2,862

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 74% 17% 3% 5% < 1% 404
Once or twice a month 56% 35% 6% 2% 1% 273
Several times a year 51% 35% 8% 5% 1% 322
Seldom/never 18% 33% 24% 25% 1% 2,862

Attendance at religious services among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 71% 19% 9% 1% 404
Once or twice a month 42% 50% 8% < 1% 273
Several times a year 28% 60% 12% < 1% 322
Seldom/never 7% 37% 56% < 1% 2,862

Frequency of prayer among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 77% 16% 1% 5% < 1% 404
Once or twice a month 56% 27% 7% 10% < 1% 273
Several times a year 56% 24% 8% 12% < 1% 322
Seldom/never 26% 18% 9% 47% 1% 2,862

Frequency of meditation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 67% 7% 2% 21% 2% 404
Once or twice a month 52% 17% 4% 26% 1% 273
Several times a year 46% 11% 7% 35% 1% 322
Seldom/never 33% 12% 6% 49% < 1% 2,862

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 76% 11% 5% 7% 1% 404
Once or twice a month 59% 26% 8% 8% < 1% 273
Several times a year 64% 17% 11% 6% 1% 322
Seldom/never 44% 20% 12% 23% 1% 2,862

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 60% 13% 10% 16% 2% 404
Once or twice a month 57% 18% 11% 14% < 1% 273
Several times a year 61% 15% 12% 11% 1% 322
Seldom/never 54% 17% 13% 16% 1% 2,862

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 29% 69% 1% 1% 404
Once or twice a month 27% 71% 1% 1% 273
Several times a year 27% 72% < 1% 1% 322
Seldom/never 22% 76% 2% 1% 2,862

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 71% 12% 4% 12% 1% 404
Once or twice a month 43% 27% 10% 20% 1% 273
Several times a year 26% 24% 25% 25% < 1% 322
Seldom/never 8% 8% 9% 74% < 1% 2,862

Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 37% 35% 2% 20% 5% 404
Once or twice a month 20% 38% 1% 30% 11% 273
Several times a year 16% 40% 1% 35% 7% 322
Seldom/never 7% 16% 1% 69% 7% 2,862

Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 76% 16% 8% 404
Once or twice a month 76% 18% 6% 273
Several times a year 69% 22% 10% 322
Seldom/never 46% 45% 10% 2,862

Belief in Hell among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 60% 33% 7% 404
Once or twice a month 55% 36% 9% 273
Several times a year 50% 42% 7% 322
Seldom/never 31% 61% 8% 2,862

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 29% 21% 50% 404
Once or twice a month 32% 17% 52% 273
Several times a year 27% 17% 55% 322
Seldom/never 27% 15% 58% 2,862

Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 33% 32% 30% 5% 404
Once or twice a month 24% 38% 36% 3% 273
Several times a year 25% 36% 33% 6% 322
Seldom/never 17% 37% 42% 4% 2,862

Views about size of government among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 42% 53% 2% 3% 404
Once or twice a month 47% 47% 3% 2% 273
Several times a year 45% 47% 6% 2% 322
Seldom/never 47% 47% 3% 3% 2,862

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 35% 62% 3% 1% 404
Once or twice a month 35% 58% 5% 1% 273
Several times a year 31% 63% 4% 1% 322
Seldom/never 32% 63% 4% 1% 2,862

Views about abortion among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 47% 50% 3% 404
Once or twice a month 59% 38% 3% 273
Several times a year 66% 32% 2% 322
Seldom/never 75% 22% 3% 2,862

Views about homosexuality among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 55% 39% 4% 2% 404
Once or twice a month 73% 19% 5% 3% 273
Several times a year 80% 14% 5% 1% 322
Seldom/never 89% 8% 2% 1% 2,862

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 52% 40% 8% 404
Once or twice a month 67% 25% 8% 273
Several times a year 68% 26% 6% 322
Seldom/never 84% 13% 4% 2,862

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 33% 62% 3% 2% 404
Once or twice a month 32% 64% 3% 1% 273
Several times a year 27% 69% 2% 1% 322
Seldom/never 23% 73% 2% 2% 2,862

Views about human evolution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by attendance at prayer groups

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 404. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 27% 31% 4% 33% 4% 404
Once or twice a month 33% 34% 5% 23% 5% 273
Several times a year 35% 33% 7% 21% 3% 322
Seldom/never 61% 21% 5% 12% 2% 2,862