Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 5% 7% 76% < 1% 7,973
2007 15% 6% 7% 72% 1% 6,275

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Religious tradition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 23% 10% 11% 54% 1% 151
Catholic 12% 7% 8% 72% < 1% 709
Evangelical Protestant 58% 10% 5% 26% 1% 503
Jewish 6% 9% 7% 78% < 1% 461
Mainline Protestant 17% 10% 13% 60% 1% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 3% 3% 5% 88% < 1% 4,429

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Frequency of reading scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 865. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 22% 30% 31% 17% 865
Once or twice a month 29% 37% 22% 12% 404
Several times a year 27% 39% 19% 14% 548
Seldom/never 29% 35% 21% 15% 6,000

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 865. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 12% 14% 26% 35% 12% 2% 865
Once or twice a month 18% 17% 31% 26% 8% 1% 404
Several times a year 17% 20% 30% 22% 10% 1% 548
Seldom/never 18% 19% 27% 26% 9% 1% 6,000

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 46% 54% 888
Once or twice a month 58% 42% 407
Several times a year 58% 42% 559
Seldom/never 60% 40% 6,079

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Frequency of reading scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 863. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 57% 14% 4% 20% 6% 863
Once or twice a month 66% 7% 5% 19% 3% 399
Several times a year 64% 8% 7% 16% 5% 548
Seldom/never 75% 4% 6% 11% 3% 5,999

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 876. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 21% 9% 71% 876
Once or twice a month 17% 13% 70% 405
Several times a year 20% 11% 68% 554
Seldom/never 15% 14% 71% 6,019

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Frequency of reading scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 761. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 36% 22% 27% 15% 761
Once or twice a month 29% 19% 28% 25% 372
Several times a year 26% 16% 29% 28% 501
Seldom/never 23% 19% 29% 29% 5,512

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Frequency of reading scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 879. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 38% 32% 18% 13% 879
Once or twice a month 33% 28% 20% 19% 406
Several times a year 24% 30% 23% 22% 555
Seldom/never 28% 29% 25% 18% 6,057

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 882. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 50% 7% 15% 5% 23% 882
Once or twice a month 45% 12% 13% 3% 28% 407
Several times a year 45% 11% 11% 5% 30% 556
Seldom/never 44% 11% 12% 3% 31% 6,056

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 887. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 28% 72% 887
Once or twice a month 26% 74% 407
Several times a year 25% 75% 553
Seldom/never 24% 76% 6,064

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Frequency of reading scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 74% 13% 4% < 1% 7% 2% 888
Once or twice a month 41% 29% 7% < 1% 20% 3% 407
Several times a year 27% 31% 10% 2% 28% 3% 559
Seldom/never 13% 19% 14% 1% 48% 5% 6,079

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Frequency of reading scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 71% 15% 7% 7% 1% 888
Once or twice a month 40% 32% 14% 14% 1% 407
Several times a year 20% 38% 22% 19% 2% 559
Seldom/never 6% 18% 27% 48% 1% 6,079

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 61% 21% 18% < 1% 888
Once or twice a month 17% 47% 35% 1% 407
Several times a year 8% 52% 38% 1% 559
Seldom/never 3% 23% 73% < 1% 6,079

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Frequency of reading scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 79% 10% 1% 9% 1% 888
Once or twice a month 39% 22% 8% 30% 1% 407
Several times a year 25% 18% 11% 46% 1% 559
Seldom/never 10% 8% 6% 77% < 1% 6,079

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 54% 10% 7% 28% 1% 888
Once or twice a month 11% 18% 11% 60% < 1% 407
Several times a year 4% 6% 17% 73% 1% 559
Seldom/never 1% 1% 2% 95% < 1% 6,079

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 67% 6% 2% 22% 3% 888
Once or twice a month 45% 15% 4% 35% 1% 407
Several times a year 38% 15% 11% 34% 2% 559
Seldom/never 24% 10% 6% 60% 1% 6,079

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 80% 8% 3% 7% 2% 888
Once or twice a month 59% 18% 8% 14% < 1% 407
Several times a year 45% 19% 15% 19% 2% 559
Seldom/never 35% 16% 11% 36% 1% 6,079

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 63% 11% 7% 16% 2% 888
Once or twice a month 57% 16% 9% 16% 1% 407
Several times a year 58% 17% 14% 11% < 1% 559
Seldom/never 46% 17% 15% 22% 1% 6,079

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Frequency of reading scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 49% 13% 29% 6% 3% 888
Once or twice a month 16% 25% 41% 16% 2% 407
Several times a year 7% 23% 49% 19% 3% 559
Seldom/never 3% 19% 55% 21% 2% 6,079

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Frequency of reading scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 45% 51% 2% 2% 888
Once or twice a month 25% 72% 2% 1% 407
Several times a year 19% 80% 1% 1% 559
Seldom/never 18% 80% 1% 1% 6,079

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Frequency of reading scripture Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 38% 25% 3% 28% 6% 888
Once or twice a month 13% 15% 2% 64% 6% 407
Several times a year 5% 10% < 1% 79% 6% 559
Seldom/never 1% 5% < 1% 89% 5% 6,079

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Frequency of reading scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 26% 70% 4% 888
Once or twice a month 12% 86% 2% 407
Several times a year 6% 92% 2% 559
Seldom/never 3% 96% 1% 6,079

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Frequency of reading scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 36% 27% 37% 888
Once or twice a month 24% 15% 61% 407
Several times a year 17% 18% 65% 559
Seldom/never 22% 17% 61% 6,079

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 41% 28% 21% 10% 888
Once or twice a month 21% 35% 42% 2% 407
Several times a year 18% 37% 41% 5% 559
Seldom/never 14% 34% 47% 5% 6,079

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Frequency of reading scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 57% 37% 3% 4% 888
Once or twice a month 43% 46% 4% 6% 407
Several times a year 45% 47% 5% 3% 559
Seldom/never 46% 47% 4% 3% 6,079

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Frequency of reading scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 45% 50% 4% 2% 888
Once or twice a month 31% 65% 2% 1% 407
Several times a year 26% 69% 3% 2% 559
Seldom/never 33% 63% 3% 1% 6,079

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Frequency of reading scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 39% 57% 4% 888
Once or twice a month 66% 31% 3% 407
Several times a year 79% 17% 5% 559
Seldom/never 84% 13% 3% 6,079

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Frequency of reading scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 51% 43% 3% 3% 888
Once or twice a month 79% 15% 3% 3% 407
Several times a year 84% 10% 3% 4% 559
Seldom/never 88% 8% 2% 2% 6,079

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Frequency of reading scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 45% 48% 7% 888
Once or twice a month 74% 19% 6% 407
Several times a year 79% 15% 6% 559
Seldom/never 85% 11% 4% 6,079

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Frequency of reading scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 37% 57% 3% 2% 888
Once or twice a month 22% 73% 3% 1% 407
Several times a year 22% 71% 3% 4% 559
Seldom/never 22% 74% 2% 2% 6,079

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Frequency of reading scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 25% 19% 4% 49% 4% 888
Once or twice a month 52% 20% 5% 22% 2% 407
Several times a year 67% 12% 7% 12% 3% 559
Seldom/never 79% 8% 3% 8% 1% 6,079