Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,881. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 20% 11% 10% 58% 1% 3,881
2007 20% 10% 10% 58% 1% 3,367

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Religious tradition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 24% 12% 12% 53% 1% 738
Evangelical Protestant 40% 19% 12% 29% < 1% 408
Historically Black Protestant 52% 18% 11% 17% 1% 111
Jewish 14% 14% 4% 67% 1% 144
Mainline Protestant 22% 15% 13% 50% < 1% 647
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 8% 7% 8% 78% < 1% 1,396

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Frequency of reading scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 701. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 32% 30% 21% 16% 701
Once or twice a month 37% 34% 21% 8% 417
Several times a year 29% 39% 23% 9% 377
Seldom/never 33% 33% 22% 12% 2,307

Generational cohort among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 701. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 20% 16% 26% 25% 11% 1% 701
Once or twice a month 23% 22% 26% 24% 4% < 1% 417
Several times a year 19% 17% 31% 25% 6% 1% 377
Seldom/never 23% 19% 25% 25% 7% 1% 2,307

Gender composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 47% 53% 709
Once or twice a month 60% 40% 422
Several times a year 55% 45% 381
Seldom/never 55% 45% 2,345

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Frequency of reading scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 695. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 49% 18% 5% 22% 6% 695
Once or twice a month 64% 11% 5% 16% 4% 417
Several times a year 68% 8% 5% 16% 4% 376
Seldom/never 73% 4% 6% 13% 3% 2,324

Immigrant status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 698. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 22% 13% 65% 698
Once or twice a month 16% 12% 72% 420
Several times a year 14% 12% 74% 377
Seldom/never 14% 15% 71% 2,320

Income distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Frequency of reading scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 626. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 43% 19% 23% 15% 626
Once or twice a month 32% 18% 30% 21% 388
Several times a year 31% 14% 29% 26% 355
Seldom/never 26% 18% 27% 28% 2,100

Educational distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Frequency of reading scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 706. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 38% 32% 17% 13% 706
Once or twice a month 31% 32% 21% 17% 421
Several times a year 25% 30% 27% 18% 381
Seldom/never 26% 32% 24% 18% 2,337

Marital status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 706. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 40% 7% 14% 7% 32% 706
Once or twice a month 40% 10% 14% 2% 34% 421
Several times a year 45% 9% 10% 3% 32% 380
Seldom/never 40% 11% 12% 3% 34% 2,337

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 30% 70% 709
Once or twice a month 29% 71% 422
Several times a year 30% 70% 379
Seldom/never 23% 77% 2,339

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Frequency of reading scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 73% 17% 4% 1% 3% 2% 709
Once or twice a month 58% 26% 6% < 1% 8% 2% 422
Several times a year 44% 32% 11% 1% 10% 2% 381
Seldom/never 28% 28% 13% 1% 25% 5% 2,345

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Frequency of reading scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 69% 20% 5% 5% 1% 709
Once or twice a month 45% 39% 9% 7% < 1% 422
Several times a year 32% 44% 14% 9% 1% 381
Seldom/never 14% 31% 25% 28% 1% 2,345

Attendance at religious services among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 49% 34% 16% 1% 709
Once or twice a month 27% 50% 22% < 1% 422
Several times a year 13% 57% 29% < 1% 381
Seldom/never 7% 34% 58% < 1% 2,345

Frequency of prayer among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Frequency of reading scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 77% 15% 1% 6% < 1% 709
Once or twice a month 49% 25% 10% 16% < 1% 422
Several times a year 36% 29% 11% 23% < 1% 381
Seldom/never 20% 17% 9% 53% 1% 2,345

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 41% 17% 11% 30% 1% 709
Once or twice a month 12% 19% 17% 51% < 1% 422
Several times a year 4% 8% 21% 67% < 1% 381
Seldom/never 2% 3% 4% 91% < 1% 2,345

Frequency of meditation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 69% 7% 2% 21% 1% 709
Once or twice a month 44% 17% 3% 35% 1% 422
Several times a year 39% 14% 12% 34% 1% 381
Seldom/never 29% 12% 6% 53% < 1% 2,345

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 75% 11% 4% 8% 1% 709
Once or twice a month 55% 25% 10% 10% 1% 422
Several times a year 50% 22% 12% 14% 1% 381
Seldom/never 41% 20% 13% 25% 1% 2,345

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Frequency of reading scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 65% 12% 8% 13% 2% 709
Once or twice a month 57% 19% 10% 14% < 1% 422
Several times a year 60% 15% 15% 10% 1% 381
Seldom/never 52% 18% 13% 17% < 1% 2,345

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Frequency of reading scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 30% 68% 1% 1% 709
Once or twice a month 28% 70% 1% 1% 422
Several times a year 22% 75% 2% < 1% 381
Seldom/never 20% 77% 2% 1% 2,345

Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Frequency of reading scripture Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 30% 36% 3% 24% 7% 709
Once or twice a month 16% 32% < 1% 42% 10% 422
Several times a year 10% 25% 1% 55% 9% 381
Seldom/never 6% 15% 1% 72% 7% 2,345

Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Frequency of reading scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 76% 15% 9% 709
Once or twice a month 68% 23% 8% 422
Several times a year 57% 31% 13% 381
Seldom/never 42% 48% 9% 2,345

Belief in Hell among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Frequency of reading scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 57% 35% 8% 709
Once or twice a month 48% 44% 8% 422
Several times a year 39% 50% 11% 381
Seldom/never 29% 64% 8% 2,345

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Frequency of reading scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 31% 18% 51% 709
Once or twice a month 33% 18% 49% 422
Several times a year 30% 17% 53% 381
Seldom/never 24% 16% 60% 2,345

Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Frequency of reading scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 28% 36% 31% 4% 709
Once or twice a month 26% 35% 35% 4% 422
Several times a year 25% 37% 35% 3% 381
Seldom/never 16% 37% 44% 4% 2,345

Views about size of government among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Frequency of reading scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 46% 46% 4% 4% 709
Once or twice a month 44% 50% 4% 2% 422
Several times a year 52% 44% 1% 3% 381
Seldom/never 45% 48% 3% 3% 2,345

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Frequency of reading scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 37% 59% 3% 2% 709
Once or twice a month 38% 57% 4% 2% 422
Several times a year 29% 66% 4% 1% 381
Seldom/never 31% 64% 4% 1% 2,345

Views about abortion among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Frequency of reading scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 53% 44% 4% 709
Once or twice a month 61% 37% 2% 422
Several times a year 72% 25% 3% 381
Seldom/never 77% 20% 3% 2,345

Views about homosexuality among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Frequency of reading scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 65% 29% 4% 3% 709
Once or twice a month 75% 19% 5% 1% 422
Several times a year 84% 10% 3% 3% 381
Seldom/never 90% 6% 2% 1% 2,345

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Frequency of reading scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 60% 33% 7% 709
Once or twice a month 70% 24% 6% 422
Several times a year 79% 16% 5% 381
Seldom/never 85% 12% 4% 2,345

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Frequency of reading scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 31% 65% 2% 2% 709
Once or twice a month 31% 64% 4% 1% 422
Several times a year 24% 73% 2% 1% 381
Seldom/never 22% 73% 2% 2% 2,345

Views about human evolution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by frequency of reading scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Frequency of reading scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 709. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 29% 33% 4% 29% 5% 709
Once or twice a month 36% 35% 5% 23% 1% 422
Several times a year 48% 28% 8% 13% 3% 381
Seldom/never 66% 18% 4% 10% 2% 2,345