Gender composition among adults who attend services seldom or never by religious group

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Religious tradition Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 107. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 58% 42% 107
Catholic 53% 47% 1,326
Evangelical Protestant 49% 51% 995
Historically Black Protestant 43% 57% 181
Jewish 56% 44% 270
Mainline Protestant 49% 51% 1,340
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 58% 42% 5,580

Learn More: Men, Women

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are ages…

Gender composition 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 5,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 26% 36% 24% 14% 5,839
Women 25% 35% 24% 16% 4,483

Generational cohort among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Gender composition Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 5,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 16% 18% 28% 29% 8% 1% 5,839
Women 15% 17% 28% 28% 10% 1% 4,483

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who identify as…

Gender composition White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 5,825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 72% 7% 4% 13% 4% 5,825
Women 74% 6% 4% 12% 4% 4,510

Immigrant status among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Gender composition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 5,838. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 12% 12% 76% 5,838
Women 13% 11% 77% 4,506

Income distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who have a household income of…

Gender composition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 5,296. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 31% 21% 27% 21% 5,296
Women 40% 20% 23% 17% 3,975

Educational distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who have completed…

Gender composition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 5,888. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 43% 31% 16% 10% 5,888
Women 38% 33% 18% 11% 4,543

Marital status among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Gender composition Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 5,887. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 40% 11% 13% 3% 33% 5,887
Women 41% 11% 15% 8% 25% 4,547

Parent of children under 18 among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Gender composition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 5,895. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 21% 79% 5,895
Women 28% 72% 4,565

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say they…

Gender composition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 32% 23% 11% 1% 29% 5% 5,913
Women 41% 26% 9% 1% 19% 4% 4,572

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say religion is…

Gender composition Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 17% 25% 22% 36% 1% 5,913
Women 23% 27% 23% 26% 1% 4,572

Frequency of prayer among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who pray…

Gender composition At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 20% 11% 6% 61% 1% 5,913
Women 35% 15% 7% 43% 1% 4,572

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who attend prayer group…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 3% 1% 2% 93% < 1% 5,913
Women 4% 2% 2% 92% < 1% 4,572

Frequency of meditation among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who meditate…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 26% 8% 4% 61% 1% 5,913
Women 30% 9% 4% 56% 1% 4,572

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 37% 14% 11% 37% 2% 5,913
Women 47% 16% 12% 25% 2% 4,572

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 47% 15% 13% 25% 1% 5,913
Women 41% 16% 14% 28% 1% 4,572

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Gender composition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 9% 16% 57% 16% 2% 5,913
Women 12% 14% 59% 13% 2% 4,572

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say…

Gender composition There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 24% 73% 2% 1% 5,913
Women 21% 77% 1% 1% 4,572

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who read scripture…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 8% 5% 6% 81% < 1% 5,913
Women 11% 6% 6% 77% < 1% 4,572

Interpreting scripture among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say the holy scripture is…

Gender composition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 11% 14% 1% 66% 7% 5,913
Women 14% 18% 2% 58% 8% 4,572

Belief in Heaven among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in heaven

Gender composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 43% 48% 10% 5,913
Women 54% 37% 9% 4,572

Belief in Hell among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in hell

Gender composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 34% 58% 9% 5,913
Women 39% 52% 9% 4,572

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who identify as…

Gender composition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 32% 22% 46% 5,913
Women 24% 19% 57% 4,572

Political ideology among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Gender composition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 26% 35% 32% 7% 5,913
Women 19% 32% 40% 8% 4,572

Views about size of government among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who would rather have…

Gender composition Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 56% 37% 3% 4% 5,913
Women 41% 50% 3% 5% 4,572

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say government aid to the poor…

Gender composition Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 42% 51% 4% 2% 5,913
Women 35% 59% 4% 2% 4,572

Views about abortion among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say abortion should be…

Gender composition Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 69% 25% 5% 5,913
Women 73% 23% 3% 4,572

Views about homosexuality among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say homosexuality…

Gender composition Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 73% 20% 4% 3% 5,913
Women 84% 11% 2% 3% 4,572

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …same-sex marriage

Gender composition Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 68% 24% 7% 5,913
Women 77% 17% 6% 4,572

Views about environmental regulation among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say…

Gender composition Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 34% 61% 3% 3% 5,913
Women 28% 66% 2% 4% 4,572

Views about human evolution among adults who attend services seldom or never by gender

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say humans…

Gender composition Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 58% 18% 5% 16% 3% 5,913
Women 52% 19% 4% 21% 4% 4,572