Gender composition among adults who do not believe in God by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Religious tradition Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 79% 21% 114
Jewish 55% 45% 161
Mainline Protestant 71% 29% 111
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 66% 34% 2,736

Learn More: Men, Women

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who are ages…

Gender composition 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 2,270. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 36% 35% 17% 12% 2,270
Women 41% 33% 15% 11% 1,102

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Gender composition Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 2,270. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 25% 21% 25% 21% 7% 1% 2,270
Women 28% 21% 26% 18% 7% 1% 1,102

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who identify as…

Gender composition White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 2,264. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 77% 3% 7% 10% 3% 2,264
Women 78% 2% 8% 8% 3% 1,108

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Gender composition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 2,266. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 12% 15% 73% 2,266
Women 13% 16% 71% 1,110

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who have a household income of…

Gender composition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,105. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 22% 18% 31% 29% 2,105
Women 27% 20% 28% 25% 1,015

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who have completed…

Gender composition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 2,286. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 31% 31% 24% 15% 2,286
Women 25% 29% 27% 20% 1,117

Marital status among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Gender composition Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 2,289. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 38% 11% 9% 2% 41% 2,289
Women 40% 12% 9% 4% 36% 1,114

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Gender composition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 2,285. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 20% 80% 2,285
Women 25% 75% 1,117

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who say religion is…

Gender composition Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 3% 7% 22% 67% 1% 2,294
Women 3% 10% 24% 63% < 1% 1,120

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who attend religious services…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 2% 17% 81% < 1% 2,294
Women 2% 17% 80% < 1% 1,120

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who pray…

Gender composition At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 2% 1% 3% 94% < 1% 2,294
Women 3% 2% 3% 91% < 1% 1,120

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who attend prayer group…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 2,294
Women 1% 2% 2% 95% < 1% 1,120

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who meditate…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 17% 8% 5% 69% 1% 2,294
Women 21% 9% 6% 64% 1% 1,120

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 28% 15% 9% 46% 2% 2,294
Women 34% 16% 10% 39% 2% 1,120

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 48% 17% 13% 21% 1% 2,294
Women 42% 18% 14% 26% 1% 1,120

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Gender composition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 1% 21% 50% 27% 1% 2,294
Women 2% 17% 53% 27% 1% 1,120

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who say…

Gender composition There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 18% 81% 1% 1% 2,294
Women 13% 86% < 1% < 1% 1,120

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who read scripture…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 2% 3% 5% 89% < 1% 2,294
Women 2% 2% 3% 92% < 1% 1,120

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who say the holy scripture is…

Gender composition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men < 1% 2% < 1% 95% 3% 2,294
Women 1% 2% < 1% 94% 3% 1,120

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who …in heaven

Gender composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 4% 93% 3% 2,294
Women 8% 88% 4% 1,120

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who …in hell

Gender composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 4% 94% 2% 2,294
Women 6% 91% 3% 1,120

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who identify as…

Gender composition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 22% 19% 60% 2,294
Women 12% 14% 74% 1,120

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Gender composition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 15% 35% 45% 6% 2,294
Women 9% 25% 61% 5% 1,120

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who would rather have…

Gender composition Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 48% 46% 3% 3% 2,294
Women 34% 60% 3% 4% 1,120

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who say government aid to the poor…

Gender composition Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 31% 64% 4% 1% 2,294
Women 25% 72% 2% 1% 1,120

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who say abortion should be…

Gender composition Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 85% 12% 4% 2,294
Women 89% 10% 1% 1,120

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who say homosexuality…

Gender composition Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 89% 8% 2% 1% 2,294
Women 96% 3% 1% 1% 1,120

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who …same-sex marriage

Gender composition Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 86% 10% 4% 2,294
Women 94% 4% 2% 1,120

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who say…

Gender composition Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 22% 74% 2% 2% 2,294
Women 14% 83% 1% 2% 1,120

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in God by gender

% of adults who do not believe in God who say humans…

Gender composition Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,294. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 88% 4% 2% 6% 1% 2,294
Women 86% 5% 1% 7% 2% 1,120