Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Religious tradition Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 51% 49% 151
Catholic 61% 39% 709
Evangelical Protestant 53% 47% 503
Jewish 49% 51% 461
Mainline Protestant 53% 47% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 61% 39% 4,429

Learn More: Men, Women

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Gender composition 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 4,682. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 28% 35% 22% 15% 4,682
Women 28% 34% 23% 15% 3,172

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Gender composition Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 4,682. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 17% 19% 27% 27% 9% 1% 4,682
Women 17% 18% 27% 27% 9% 1% 3,172

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Gender composition White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 4,658. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 72% 5% 6% 13% 4% 4,658
Women 72% 5% 6% 13% 4% 3,190

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Gender composition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 4,686. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 15% 13% 71% 4,686
Women 18% 12% 70% 3,206

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Gender composition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 4,313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 23% 19% 30% 29% 4,313
Women 29% 19% 28% 24% 2,862

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Gender composition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 4,716. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 32% 30% 22% 16% 4,716
Women 25% 29% 25% 20% 3,219

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Gender composition Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 4,724. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 44% 10% 11% 2% 33% 4,724
Women 45% 10% 13% 6% 26% 3,216

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Gender composition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 4,723. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 22% 78% 4,723
Women 28% 72% 3,227

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Gender composition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 18% 18% 12% 1% 46% 5% 4,740
Women 29% 22% 12% 1% 32% 5% 3,233

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Gender composition Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 13% 18% 25% 43% 1% 4,740
Women 22% 21% 23% 34% 1% 3,233

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 9% 25% 66% < 1% 4,740
Women 15% 27% 58% < 1% 3,233

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Gender composition At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 15% 8% 6% 71% 1% 4,740
Women 28% 11% 5% 54% 1% 3,233

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 6% 3% 4% 87% < 1% 4,740
Women 11% 5% 5% 79% < 1% 3,233

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 27% 9% 6% 57% 1% 4,740
Women 37% 11% 6% 46% 1% 3,233

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 37% 15% 10% 36% 2% 4,740
Women 49% 16% 10% 23% 2% 3,233

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 50% 16% 13% 20% 1% 4,740
Women 50% 16% 13% 20% 1% 3,233

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Gender composition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 7% 20% 51% 20% 2% 4,740
Women 13% 17% 51% 17% 2% 3,233

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Gender composition There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 23% 75% 1% 1% 4,740
Women 20% 78% 1% 1% 3,233

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 9% 5% 7% 78% < 1% 4,740
Women 15% 5% 7% 72% < 1% 3,233

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Gender composition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 5% 6% 1% 83% 5% 4,740
Women 9% 11% 1% 74% 5% 3,233

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Gender composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 6% 93% 1% 4,740
Women 8% 91% 1% 3,233

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Gender composition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 27% 19% 54% 4,740
Women 18% 18% 64% 3,233

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Gender composition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 20% 37% 38% 6% 4,740
Women 15% 28% 51% 6% 3,233

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Gender composition Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 53% 40% 4% 3% 4,740
Women 39% 54% 4% 3% 3,233

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Gender composition Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 37% 57% 4% 2% 4,740
Women 29% 68% 3% 1% 3,233

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Gender composition Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 76% 20% 4% 4,740
Women 78% 20% 2% 3,233

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Gender composition Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 80% 14% 3% 3% 4,740
Women 86% 11% 1% 1% 3,233

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Gender composition Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 76% 18% 5% 4,740
Women 83% 13% 4% 3,233

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Gender composition Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 27% 69% 2% 2% 4,740
Women 20% 76% 2% 2% 3,233

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Gender composition Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 72% 10% 4% 13% 2% 4,740
Women 66% 12% 3% 17% 2% 3,233